World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019

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       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes2018
AfghanistanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Various sources: Central Statistical Office; ministry of finance, central bank, Directions of Trade Statistics; Afghanistan Investment Support Agency; IMF staff
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Afghan Afghani
Data last updated: 09/20191.794
AlbaniaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Starting  with the year 2013 data are provided by the authorities in BPM6. Data for prior years are converted by the staff from BPM5.
Primary domestic currency: Albanian lek
Data last updated: 08/2019-1.031
AlgeriaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Algerian dinar
Data last updated: 09/2019-16.697
AngolaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. National Bank of Angola
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Angolan kwanza
Data last updated: 08/20196.423
Antigua and BarbudaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2016
Notes: On account of a methodological change to the compilation of balance of payments statistics, data for BOP series before 2014 have been removed.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Starting from the year 2014, the authorities revised their Balance of Payments methodology and reported their data in BPM6. Data for prior years are converted to the BPM6 presentation from the BPM5 data by IMF staff.
Primary domestic currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.113
ArgentinaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Argentine peso
Data last updated: 09/2019-27.479
ArmeniaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Starting from 2004, BOP figures were revised to reflect non-bank private transfers in the current account. In 2003 and previous years, non-bank private transfers are reported in the financial account.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Armenian dram
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.165
ArubaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). Central Bank plan to introduce BP6 in 2018
Primary domestic currency: Aruban Florin (Afl.)
Data last updated: 08/20190.006
AustraliaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office. Australian Bureau of Statistics (via Haver Analytics)
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Australian dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-29.643
AustriaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 08/201910.618
AzerbaijanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 2005 cannot be confirmed at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Azerbaijan manat
Data last updated: 09/20196.051
The BahamasCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Bahamian dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.504
BahrainCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Central Bank of Bahrain
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). BOP data from 2011 are based on a new methodology revised in 2016 by the authorities. Changes include adoption of BPM6 format, exclusion of some non-resident offshore banks, and additional coverage for trade. Pre-2011 data on capital and financial flows, the current account aggregate, and for secondary income are unchanged and follow the previous methodology. Pre-2011 goods trade data are unchanged and follow the previous methodology, except for 2009 and 2010, where non-oil exports and imports are taken from UN Comtrade. Pre-2011 services and primary income data are staff estimates.
Primary domestic currency: Bahrain dinar
Data last updated: 09/2019-2.220
BangladeshCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Bangladesh taka
Data last updated: 09/2019-7.839
BarbadosCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Exports rise in 2011 due to merchandising being included in the BOP accounts that year.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). Team decided not to use the BPM6 data at this time.
Primary domestic currency: Barbados dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.190
BelarusCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Formally, the National Bank of the Republic of Belarus
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The underlying assumption for staff projections is no compensation for the loss of oil-related discounts and transfers due to internal changes in Russia's taxation system (negotiations between Russia and Belarus on this issue are ongoing). Some of the external financing shown is unidentified as of yet.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Belarusian rubel
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.266
BelgiumCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019-7.011
BelizeCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). SDR allocation in 2009 recorded as liability also.
Primary domestic currency: Belize dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.155
BeninCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.862
BhutanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
Notes: Data reported on fiscal year basis (July-June).
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Data from 2006/07 onwards are compiled in BPM 6.
Primary domestic currency: Bhutanese ngultrum
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.475
BoliviaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Bolivian boliviano
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.995
Bosnia and HerzegovinaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Convertible marka
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.828
BotswanaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Botswana pula
Data last updated: 09/20190.345
BrazilCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). The authorities have submitted BOP data on BPM6 basis for 2014 and for some aggregates for 2010-2013. The remaining data is sourced from STA's BPM6 database.
Primary domestic currency: Brazilian real
Data last updated: 09/2019-14.511
Brunei DarussalamCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office. Department of Economic Planning and Development, Prime Minister's office.
Latest actual data: 2018. In 2014, the authorities issued BPM6 data from 2008. Latest observation 2019Q1.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Brunei dollar
Data last updated: 08/20191.068
BulgariaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian lev
Data last updated: 09/20193.010
Burkina FasoCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.817
BurundiCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Some data are staff estimates
Latest actual data: 2016
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Burundi franc
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.459
Cabo VerdeCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Cabo Verde escudo
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.089
CambodiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Cambodian riel
Data last updated: 09/2019-2.773
CameroonCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: The percent changes in 2002 are calculated over a period of 18 months, reflecting a change in the fiscal year cycle (from July-June to January-December).
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.427
CanadaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Canadian dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-45.162
Central African RepublicCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.181
ChadCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2015
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.374
ChileCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Chilean peso
Data last updated: 09/2019-9.186
ChinaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Compiled by the Balance of Payments Department of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange. Data retrieved from CEIC.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Chinese yuan
Data last updated: 09/201949.092
ColombiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. And National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Colombian peso
Data last updated: 09/2019-13.080
ComorosCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank and IMF Staff
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Comorian franc
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.045
Democratic Republic of the CongoCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 2001 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Congo franc
Data last updated: 08/2019-2.169
Republic of CongoCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/20190.780
Costa RicaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Costa Rican colon
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.877
Côte d'IvoireCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019-2.020
CroatiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Data were historically disseminated and commented by the Croatian National Bank (www.hnb.hr)
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Prior to 2012, includes large errors and omissions term, which correlates closely with estimated tourism receipts. Tourism receipts account for about 15 percent of GDP.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Croatian kuna
Data last updated: 09/20191.497
CyprusCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Other, Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.726
Czech RepublicCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Czech koruna
Data last updated: 07/20190.715
DenmarkCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Danish krone
Data last updated: 08/201920.070
DjiboutiCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The general trade system has been recently adopted to compile trade in goods statistics. This change together with new data sourced from the ports and free trade zones becoming available to the statistical agency led to significant revisions in past current account balances.  Data prior to 2013 is staff's estimates and calculations based on previous official estimates and data using a different compilation methodology.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Djibouti franc
Data last updated: 09/20190.441
DominicaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Starting  with the year 2014 data are provided by the authorities in BPM6. Data for prior years are converted by the staff from BPM5.
Primary domestic currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.231
Dominican RepublicCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Using BPM6 from 2010 onwards
Primary domestic currency: Dominican peso
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.160
EcuadorCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.487
EgyptCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Egyptian pound
Data last updated: 09/2019-5.962
El SalvadorCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.242
Equatorial GuineaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Banque des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale (BEAC)
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: IMF staff estimate export data from hydrocarbon and timber production and price information. Imports are estimated from final expenditure growth. Other components are mostly estimated as well.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.742
EritreaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Eritrean nakfa
Data last updated: 09/20190.333
EstoniaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20190.526
EswatiniCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Swaziland lilangeni
Data last updated: 09/20190.094
EthiopiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
Notes: Data refer to fiscal years (July/June). Data for 2012 represent fiscal year 2011/2012.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Ethiopian birr
Data last updated: 09/2019-5.253
FijiCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Reserve Bank of Fiji (RBF)
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Fiji dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.493
FinlandCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019-4.397
FranceCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019-16.160
GabonCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.406
The GambiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank and IMF Staff
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Gambian dalasi
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.158
GeorgiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistical Office and Central Bank.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). The balance of payments statistics are compiled in conformity with the guidelines of the BPM5 and elements of the BPM6.
Primary domestic currency: Georgian lari
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.245
GermanyCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Additional source: IMF Statistics Department
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019289.507
GhanaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 2005 excludes exceptional financing.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). Migration not complete
Primary domestic currency: Ghanaian cedi
Data last updated: 08/2019-2.044
GreeceCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Formally, the Bank of Greece.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The current account balance/primary income are revised by staff to include the deferred interest payments.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 08/2019-7.699
GrenadaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: On account of a methodological change to the compilation of balance of payments statistics, data for BOP series before 2014 have been removed.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.133
GuatemalaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Guatemalan quetzal
Data last updated: 09/20190.638
GuineaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. And Ministry of Planning
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Guinean franc
Data last updated: 08/2019-2.231
Guinea-BissauCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO).
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1997 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). The data were recently produced and are rather of a poor quality. STA is working with the authorities to address issues.
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.065
GuyanaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Guyana dollar
Data last updated: 07/2019-0.683
HaitiCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Haitian gourde
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.358
HondurasCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary
Notes: Balance of current account includes HIPC grants from IMF, IDB, World Bank, DFID, and FIDA. Interest are on accrual basis; that is, they include the debit entry of  accumulation of arrears on interest. 
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Honduran lempira
Data last updated: 08/2019-1.004
Hong Kong SARCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office. Data retrieved from CEIC
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). In accordance with the requirements in the Special Data Dissemination Standard (IMF)
Primary domestic currency: Hong Kong dollar
Data last updated: 09/201915.569
HungaryCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.847
IcelandCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Icelandic króna
Data last updated: 09/20190.730
IndiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Data converted from BPM5 to BPM6 by staff.
Primary domestic currency: Indian rupee
Data last updated: 09/2019-57.183
IndonesiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Accessed via CEIC Database
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The authorities have revised the balance of payments to  Balance of Payments Manual, 6th edition  standards for data starting in 2010. Prior to 2010 STA conversion data are used.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Indonesian rupiah
Data last updated: 09/2019-31.051
Islamic Republic of IranCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
Notes: Data prior to 1990 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Iranian rial
Data last updated: 09/201918.271
IraqCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017. Estimates based on authorities' figures.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Iraqi dinar 
Data last updated: 09/201915.484
IrelandCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office. Central Statistical Office of Ireland (CSO)
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201940.516
IsraelCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office. NSO and Haver
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Israeli shekel
Data last updated: 08/201910.093
ItalyCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201952.035
JamaicaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. The framework for Jamaica has a historical residual which comes from how the framework records portfolio flows (to include errors and omissions).  We have updated how the forecasts are calculated to account for most of this residual.
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Jamaica dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.367
JapanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Bank of Japan/ Ministry of Finance via Haver database
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019175.260
JordanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Includes adjustments by staff towards BPM6 presentation. Historical data up to 2000 are converted into the BPM6 presentation from data compiled under the BPM5 methodology.
Primary domestic currency: Jordanian dinar
Data last updated: 09/2019-2.973
KazakhstanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1996 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Kazakhstani tenge
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.052
KenyaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Kenya shillings
Data last updated: 09/2019-4.364
KiribatiCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office. Data from STA database ID:BOP (submitted to STA by authorities)
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Australian dollar
Data last updated: 09/20190.068
KoreaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Korean won
Data last updated: 09/201976.409
KosovoCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.639
KuwaitCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Kuwaiti dinar
Data last updated: 09/201920.398
Kyrgyz RepublicCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Kyrgyz som
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.702
Lao P.D.R.Current account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). The authorities submit BOP data on BPM6 basis starting 2012. Staff estimates for imports, primary income and FDI are being used currently as authorities continue to improve coverage and comprehensiveness of the reported data with the technical assistance from the IMF
Primary domestic currency: Lao kip
Data last updated: 09/2019-2.170
LatviaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.336
LebanonCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Also: IMF staff.
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). The authorities are moving to BPM6.
Primary domestic currency: Lebanese pound
Data last updated: 08/2019-14.406
LesothoCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Lesotho loti
Data last updated: 07/2019-0.235
LiberiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank of Liberia
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). Authorities provided data in BPM5.  Country team converted them to BPM6.
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.761
LibyaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Libyan dinar
Data last updated: 09/20190.889
LithuaniaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. http://www.lbank.lt/eng/statistic/index.html.
Latest actual data: 2018. Monthly data available for June 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1993 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: European euro
Data last updated: 09/20190.854
LuxembourgCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 07/20193.296
Macao SARCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017. Part of the 2018 data is estimated because it is not available yet.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Macanese pataca19.181
MadagascarCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). As of Jan 2018, the Central Bank of Madagascar uses the 6th IMF's Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual.
Primary domestic currency: Malagasy ariary
Data last updated: 08/20190.098
MalawiCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office. Other sources: Tobacco Control Commission, Ministry of Mines.
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Malawi kwacha
Data last updated: 08/2019-1.054
MalaysiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office. From Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOS) downloaded via CEIC
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). The authorities issue BPM6 historical data back from 2005 and discontinued the BPM5 series.  Data before 2005 come from STA database via EcXL
Primary domestic currency: Malaysian ringgit
Data last updated: 09/20197.523
MaldivesCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Data reported to the IMF on a BPM5 basis are re-arranged to a BPM6 presentational basis, for publication purposes.
Primary domestic currency: Maldivian rufiyaa
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.346
MaliCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.645
MaltaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20191.432
Marshall IslandsCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2016/17
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 09/20190.011
MauritaniaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2016
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: New Mauritanian Ouguiya
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.966
MauritiusCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary data
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Mauritian rupee
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.821
MexicoCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Mexican peso
Data last updated: 09/2019-21.996
MicronesiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Data provided in BPM5, desks converted to BPM6.
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 08/20190.091
MoldovaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Moldovan leu
Data last updated: 08/2019-1.187
MongoliaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2016
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). The data is BPM6, but we use BPM5 presentation in our files/tables. This is because some of the series that we forecast(and are important for MNG such as loan disbursement and amortization) are not available under the BPM6 presentation. The BPM6 submission template is mainly used to change the presentation (for example the changed signs in FA). Just to clarify, we are referring to data from 2016 onward.
Primary domestic currency: Mongolian togrog
Data last updated: 09/2019-2.206
MontenegroCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.937
MoroccoCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Foreign Exchange Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Moroccan dirham
Data last updated: 09/2019-6.458
MozambiqueCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Data provided by Bank de Mozambique (BOM).
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary
Notes: Data prior to 1992 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Mozambican metical
Data last updated: 08/2019-4.371
MyanmarCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Historical data up to 2017 have been re-estimated by IMF staff to ensure data consistency after the change of fiscal year starting 2018 from April-March to October-September.
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Includes adjustments by staff towards BPM6 presentation. Historical data up to 2010/2011 are converted by staff based on data from BPM5 manual, as they are not available in BPM6 presentation.
Primary domestic currency: Myanmar kyat
Data last updated: 09/2019-2.859
NamibiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Namibia dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.301
NauruCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: IMF Staff Estimates. Nauru Authorities and IMF staff estimates
Latest actual data: 2016/17
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Australian dollar
Data last updated: 08/20190.002
NepalCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Nepalese rupee
Data last updated: 08/2019-2.350
NetherlandsCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. IMF STA BPM6 Database
Latest actual data: 2018. The latest data (2018) is sourced from the DNB.
Notes: SFIs are integrated in the resident economy.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201999.450
New ZealandCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office. Statistics New Zealand
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: New Zealand dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019-7.768
NicaraguaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: IMF Staff Estimates
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Due to political and economic events (civil war and hyperinflation) data prior to 1995 are less reliable.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Nicaraguan córdoba
Data last updated: 09/20190.083
NigerCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 08/2019-1.681
NigeriaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. IMF Statistics Department
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1990 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Nigerian naira
Data last updated: 09/20195.334
North MacedoniaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Macedonian denar
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.038
NorwayCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Norwegian krone
Data last updated: 09/201935.035
OmanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Omani rial
Data last updated: 09/2019-4.347
PakistanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
Notes: Prior to 1990, data are not consistent for the following reasons: (i) data may not correspond to fiscal years; (ii) data were compiled based on the methodology set out in the 4th edition of the BoP Manual rather than the 5th edition; and (iii) due to the ongoing Fund program with Pakistan and market sensitivity, the series from which the nominal exchange rate assumptions can be calculated aren't made public.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Pakistan rupee
Data last updated: 09/2019-19.897
PalauCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.047
PanamaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). IMF Staff reports identify public sector flows in the financial account
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019-5.067
Papua New GuineaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Some Treasury data as well
Latest actual data: 2015
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Papua New Guinea kina
Data last updated: 09/20196.361
ParaguayCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Paraguayan guaraní
Data last updated: 09/20190.220
PeruCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Peruvian nuevo sol
Data last updated: 09/2019-3.595
PhilippinesCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Accessed via CEIC
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Philippine peso
Data last updated: 09/2019-8.729
PolandCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zloty
Data last updated: 09/2019-3.280
PortugalCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.454
Puerto RicoCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillions  
QatarCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: IMF Staff Estimates. IMF Staff Estimates. Qatar Petroleum/Qatar Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Qatari riyal
Data last updated: 09/201916.652
RomaniaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Haver Analytics. Formally, the National Bank of Romania.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019-10.828
RussiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Russian ruble
Data last updated: 09/2019113.455
RwandaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Rwandan franc
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.738
SamoaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18. Fiscal year used
Notes: Data prior to 2000 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Samoa tala
Data last updated: 08/20190.020
San MarinoCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Other
Latest actual data: 2017. First time the authorities have compiled BOP statistics
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20190.006
São Tomé and PríncipeCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: São Tomé and Príncipe dobra
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.046
Saudi ArabiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. BOP data from 2005 constitutes a break reflecting the authorities' adoption of BPM6
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Saudi Arabian riyal
Data last updated: 09/201972.329
SenegalCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank and Staff estimates.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019-2.072
SerbiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. National Bank of Serbia
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). NBS introduced BPM6 in April 2014.
Primary domestic currency: Serbian dinar
Data last updated: 08/2019-2.624
SeychellesCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2016
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Seychelles rupee
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.269
Sierra LeoneCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Sierra Leonean leone
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.564
SingaporeCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Singapore dollar
Data last updated: 09/201965.071
Slovak RepublicCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. National bank of Slovakia
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Balance of payments data before 2009 reflect staff estimates to comply with BPM6 pending provision of a longer times series based on BPM6.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019-2.660
SloveniaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20193.064
Solomon IslandsCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The IMF staff estimates the current account balance based on foreign exchange receipts and payments data published by the Central Bank of Solomon Islands.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Solomon Islands dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.072
SomaliaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Somali shilling
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.391
South AfricaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: South African rand
Data last updated: 09/2019-13.064
South SudanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: The data comes from a combination of IMF Staff / Ministry of Economy / Ministry of Finance /  National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: All data is estimated from secondary sources.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: South Sudanese pound
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.299
SpainCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201913.169
Sri LankaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Sri Lanka rupee
Data last updated: 09/2019-2.814
St. Kitts and NevisCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018. Estimated.
Notes: On account of a methodological change to the compilation of balance of payments statistics, data for BOP series before 2014 have been removed.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.072
St. LuciaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary.
Notes: On account of a methodological change to the compilation of balance of payments statistics, data for BOP series before 2014 have been removed.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Starting from the year 2014, the authorities revised their Balance of Payments methodology and reported their data in BPM6.
Primary domestic currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
Data last updated: 09/20190.058
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: On account of a methodological change to the compilation of balance of payments statistics, data for BOP series before 2014 have been removed.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Starting from the year 2014, the authorities revised their Balance of Payments methodology and reported their data in BPM6. Data for prior years are converted to the BPM6 presentation from the BPM5 data by IMF staff.
Primary domestic currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.099
SudanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. of Sudan
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Sudanese pound
Data last updated: 09/2019-4.679
SurinameCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Surinamese dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.189
SwedenCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Swedish krona
Data last updated: 09/20199.583
SwitzerlandCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Swiss franc
Data last updated: 09/201972.169
SyriaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2009
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Syrian pound
Data last updated: 08/2015n/a
Taiwan Province of ChinaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Data retrieved from CEIC
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: BPM6 exports and imports estimates may deviate from authorities' data due to imputed merchanting trade data.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: New Taiwan dollar
Data last updated: 09/201971.989
TajikistanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2016
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Tajik somoni
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.379
TanzaniaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). Our SPR economist's understanding is that the authorities have been moving onto the BPM6, but this move has not happened. Similarly, they will check with the authorities
Primary domestic currency: Tanzania shilling
Data last updated: 09/2019-2.107
ThailandCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Downloaded via CEIC; Prior to 2005 data come from STA downloaded via EcXL.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). The authorities issue BPM6 historical data back from 2005 and discontinued the BPM5 series. 
Primary domestic currency: Thai baht
Data last updated: 09/201932.386
Timor-LesteCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.191
TogoCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.263
TongaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. National Reserve Bank of Tonga and Statistic Department of Tonga
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Tongan pa'anga
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.038
Trinidad and TobagoCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Trinidad and Tobago dollar
Data last updated: 09/20191.608
TunisiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Tunisian dinar
Data last updated: 09/2019-4.429
TurkeyCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Data from Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 09/2019-27.252
TurkmenistanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Turkmenistan authorities and IMF staff estimates and projections, the central budget data are not reported according to GFSM 2001 by the authorities.
Latest actual data: 2015
Notes: Data prior to 2009 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: New Turkmen manat
Data last updated: 09/20192.307
TuvaluCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: IMF Staff Estimates. STA
Latest actual data: 2012
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Australian dollar
Data last updated: 08/20190.003
UgandaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Uganda shilling
Data last updated: 09/2019-2.511
UkraineCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Formally, the National Bank of Ukraine. Starting in 2014Q2, data excludes Crimea and Sevastopol.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Data is based on BPM6 data.
Primary domestic currency: Ukrainian hryvnia
Data last updated: 09/2019-4.510
United Arab EmiratesCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: U.A.E. dirham
Data last updated: 09/201937.845
United KingdomCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Pound sterling
Data last updated: 09/2019-109.059
United StatesCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019-490.978
UruguayCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Data prior to 2012 are unavailable in accordance with the authorities current methodology.
Primary domestic currency: Uruguayan peso
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.374
UzbekistanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Ministry of Economy and/or Planning
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Uzbek sum
Data last updated: 08/2019-3.577
VanuatuCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Vanuatu vatu
Data last updated: 09/20190.032
VenezuelaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. http://www.bcv.org.ve/c2/indicadores.asp
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). Venezuela compiles and disseminates BOP/IIP in BPM5. These historical data, for publication purposes in the IFS, are converted to BPM6 by STA. WEO data are published in BPM5.
Primary domestic currency: Venezuelan bolívar soberano
Data last updated: 09/20196.298
VietnamCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Vietnamese dong
Data last updated: 09/20195.844
YemenCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: IMF Staff Estimates
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Yemeni rial
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.503
ZambiaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Zambian kwacha
Data last updated: 08/2019-0.708
ZimbabweCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe and Ministry of Finance.
Latest actual data: 2017. Structural break in 2010 due to a shift in the data source from exchange control data to customs data for trade statistics
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: RTGS dollars
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.035
Notes
  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  Afghanistan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Various sources: Central Statistical Office; ministry of finance, central bank, Directions of Trade Statistics; Afghanistan Investment Support Agency; IMF staff
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Afghan Afghani
Data last updated: 09/2019


Albania: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Starting with the year 2013 data are provided by the authorities in BPM6. Data for prior years are converted by the staff from BPM5.
Primary domestic currency: Albanian lek
Data last updated: 08/2019


Algeria: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Algerian dinar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Angola: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. National Bank of Angola
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Angolan kwanza
Data last updated: 08/2019


Antigua and Barbuda: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2016
Notes: On account of a methodological change to the compilation of balance of payments statistics, data for BOP series before 2014 have been removed.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Starting from the year 2014, the authorities revised their Balance of Payments methodology and reported their data in BPM6. Data for prior years are converted to the BPM6 presentation from the BPM5 data by IMF staff.
Primary domestic currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Argentina: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Argentine peso
Data last updated: 09/2019


Armenia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Starting from 2004, BOP figures were revised to reflect non-bank private transfers in the current account. In 2003 and previous years, non-bank private transfers are reported in the financial account.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Armenian dram
Data last updated: 09/2019


Aruba: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). Central Bank plan to introduce BP6 in 2018
Primary domestic currency: Aruban Florin (Afl.)
Data last updated: 08/2019


Australia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office. Australian Bureau of Statistics (via Haver Analytics)
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Australian dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Austria: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 08/2019


Azerbaijan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 2005 cannot be confirmed at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Azerbaijan manat
Data last updated: 09/2019


The Bahamas: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Bahamian dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Bahrain: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Central Bank of Bahrain
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). BOP data from 2011 are based on a new methodology revised in 2016 by the authorities. Changes include adoption of BPM6 format, exclusion of some non-resident offshore banks, and additional coverage for trade. Pre-2011 data on capital and financial flows, the current account aggregate, and for secondary income are unchanged and follow the previous methodology. Pre-2011 goods trade data are unchanged and follow the previous methodology, except for 2009 and 2010, where non-oil exports and imports are taken from UN Comtrade. Pre-2011 services and primary income data are staff estimates.
Primary domestic currency: Bahrain dinar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Bangladesh: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Bangladesh taka
Data last updated: 09/2019


Barbados: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Exports rise in 2011 due to merchandising being included in the BOP accounts that year.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). Team decided not to use the BPM6 data at this time.
Primary domestic currency: Barbados dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Belarus: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Formally, the National Bank of the Republic of Belarus
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The underlying assumption for staff projections is no compensation for the loss of oil-related discounts and transfers due to internal changes in Russia's taxation system (negotiations between Russia and Belarus on this issue are ongoing). Some of the external financing shown is unidentified as of yet.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Belarusian rubel
Data last updated: 08/2019


Belgium: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Belize: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). SDR allocation in 2009 recorded as liability also.
Primary domestic currency: Belize dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Benin: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019


Bhutan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
Notes: Data reported on fiscal year basis (July-June).
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Data from 2006/07 onwards are compiled in BPM 6.
Primary domestic currency: Bhutanese ngultrum
Data last updated: 08/2019


Bolivia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Bolivian boliviano
Data last updated: 09/2019


Bosnia and Herzegovina: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Convertible marka
Data last updated: 09/2019


Botswana: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Botswana pula
Data last updated: 09/2019


Brazil: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). The authorities have submitted BOP data on BPM6 basis for 2014 and for some aggregates for 2010-2013. The remaining data is sourced from STA's BPM6 database.
Primary domestic currency: Brazilian real
Data last updated: 09/2019


Brunei Darussalam: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office. Department of Economic Planning and Development, Prime Minister's office.
Latest actual data: 2018. In 2014, the authorities issued BPM6 data from 2008. Latest observation 2019Q1.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Brunei dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Bulgaria: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian lev
Data last updated: 09/2019


Burkina Faso: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 08/2019


Burundi: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Some data are staff estimates
Latest actual data: 2016
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Burundi franc
Data last updated: 08/2019


Cabo Verde: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Cabo Verde escudo
Data last updated: 09/2019


Cambodia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Cambodian riel
Data last updated: 09/2019


Cameroon: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: The percent changes in 2002 are calculated over a period of 18 months, reflecting a change in the fiscal year cycle (from July-June to January-December).
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019


Canada: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Canadian dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Central African Republic: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019


Chad: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2015
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019


Chile: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Chilean peso
Data last updated: 09/2019


China: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Compiled by the Balance of Payments Department of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange. Data retrieved from CEIC.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Chinese yuan
Data last updated: 09/2019


Colombia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. And National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Colombian peso
Data last updated: 09/2019


Comoros: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank and IMF Staff
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Comorian franc
Data last updated: 09/2019


Democratic Republic of the Congo: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 2001 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Congo franc
Data last updated: 08/2019


Republic of Congo: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019


Costa Rica: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Costa Rican colon
Data last updated: 09/2019


Côte d'Ivoire: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019


Croatia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Data were historically disseminated and commented by the Croatian National Bank (www.hnb.hr)
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Prior to 2012, includes large errors and omissions term, which correlates closely with estimated tourism receipts. Tourism receipts account for about 15 percent of GDP.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Croatian kuna
Data last updated: 09/2019


Cyprus: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Other, Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Czech Republic: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Czech koruna
Data last updated: 07/2019


Denmark: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Danish krone
Data last updated: 08/2019


Djibouti: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The general trade system has been recently adopted to compile trade in goods statistics. This change together with new data sourced from the ports and free trade zones becoming available to the statistical agency led to significant revisions in past current account balances. Data prior to 2013 is staff's estimates and calculations based on previous official estimates and data using a different compilation methodology.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Djibouti franc
Data last updated: 09/2019


Dominica: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Starting  with the year 2014 data are provided by the authorities in BPM6. Data for prior years are converted by the staff from BPM5.
Primary domestic currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Dominican Republic: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Using BPM6 from 2010 onwards
Primary domestic currency: Dominican peso
Data last updated: 09/2019


Ecuador: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Egypt: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Egyptian pound
Data last updated: 09/2019


El Salvador: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Equatorial Guinea: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Banque des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale (BEAC)
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: IMF staff estimate export data from hydrocarbon and timber production and price information. Imports are estimated from final expenditure growth. Other components are mostly estimated as well.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019


Eritrea: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Eritrean nakfa
Data last updated: 09/2019


Estonia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Eswatini: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Swaziland lilangeni
Data last updated: 09/2019


Ethiopia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
Notes: Data refer to fiscal years (July/June). Data for 2012 represent fiscal year 2011/2012.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Ethiopian birr
Data last updated: 09/2019


Fiji: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Reserve Bank of Fiji (RBF)
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Fiji dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Finland: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


France: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Gabon: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 08/2019


The Gambia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank and IMF Staff
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Gambian dalasi
Data last updated: 09/2019


Georgia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistical Office and Central Bank.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). The balance of payments statistics are compiled in conformity with the guidelines of the BPM5 and elements of the BPM6.
Primary domestic currency: Georgian lari
Data last updated: 09/2019


Germany: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Additional source: IMF Statistics Department
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Ghana: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 2005 excludes exceptional financing.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). Migration not complete
Primary domestic currency: Ghanaian cedi
Data last updated: 08/2019


Greece: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Formally, the Bank of Greece.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The current account balance/primary income are revised by staff to include the deferred interest payments.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 08/2019


Grenada: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: On account of a methodological change to the compilation of balance of payments statistics, data for BOP series before 2014 have been removed.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Guatemala: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Guatemalan quetzal
Data last updated: 09/2019


Guinea: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. And Ministry of Planning
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Guinean franc
Data last updated: 08/2019


Guinea-Bissau: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO).
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1997 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). The data were recently produced and are rather of a poor quality. STA is working with the authorities to address issues.
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 08/2019


Guyana: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Guyana dollar
Data last updated: 07/2019


Haiti: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Haitian gourde
Data last updated: 09/2019


Honduras: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary
Notes: Balance of current account includes HIPC grants from IMF, IDB, World Bank, DFID, and FIDA. Interest are on accrual basis; that is, they include the debit entry of accumulation of arrears on interest.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Honduran lempira
Data last updated: 08/2019


Hong Kong SAR: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office. Data retrieved from CEIC
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). In accordance with the requirements in the Special Data Dissemination Standard (IMF)
Primary domestic currency: Hong Kong dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Hungary: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 09/2019


Iceland: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Icelandic króna
Data last updated: 09/2019


India: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Data converted from BPM5 to BPM6 by staff.
Primary domestic currency: Indian rupee
Data last updated: 09/2019


Indonesia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Accessed via CEIC Database
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The authorities have revised the balance of payments to Balance of Payments Manual, 6th edition standards for data starting in 2010. Prior to 2010 STA conversion data are used.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Indonesian rupiah
Data last updated: 09/2019


Islamic Republic of Iran: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
Notes: Data prior to 1990 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Iranian rial
Data last updated: 09/2019


Iraq: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017. Estimates based on authorities' figures.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Iraqi dinar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Ireland: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office. Central Statistical Office of Ireland (CSO)
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Israel: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office. NSO and Haver
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Israeli shekel
Data last updated: 08/2019


Italy: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Jamaica: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. The framework for Jamaica has a historical residual which comes from how the framework records portfolio flows (to include errors and omissions). We have updated how the forecasts are calculated to account for most of this residual.
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Jamaica dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Bank of Japan/ Ministry of Finance via Haver database
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Jordan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Includes adjustments by staff towards BPM6 presentation. Historical data up to 2000 are converted into the BPM6 presentation from data compiled under the BPM5 methodology.
Primary domestic currency: Jordanian dinar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Kazakhstan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1996 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Kazakhstani tenge
Data last updated: 09/2019


Kenya: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Kenya shillings
Data last updated: 09/2019


Kiribati: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office. Data from STA database ID:BOP (submitted to STA by authorities)
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Australian dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Korea: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Korean won
Data last updated: 09/2019


Kosovo: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Kuwait: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Kuwaiti dinar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Kyrgyz Republic: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Kyrgyz som
Data last updated: 09/2019


Lao P.D.R.: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). The authorities submit BOP data on BPM6 basis starting 2012. Staff estimates for imports, primary income and FDI are being used currently as authorities continue to improve coverage and comprehensiveness of the reported data with the technical assistance from the IMF
Primary domestic currency: Lao kip
Data last updated: 09/2019


Latvia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Lebanon: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Also: IMF staff.
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). The authorities are moving to BPM6.
Primary domestic currency: Lebanese pound
Data last updated: 08/2019


Lesotho: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Lesotho loti
Data last updated: 07/2019


Liberia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank of Liberia
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). Authorities provided data in BPM5. Country team converted them to BPM6.
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 09/2019


Libya: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Libyan dinar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Lithuania: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. http://www.lbank.lt/eng/statistic/index.html.
Latest actual data: 2018. Monthly data available for June 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1993 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: European euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Luxembourg: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 07/2019


Macao SAR: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017. Part of the 2018 data is estimated because it is not available yet.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Macanese pataca


Madagascar: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). As of Jan 2018, the Central Bank of Madagascar uses the 6th IMF's Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual.
Primary domestic currency: Malagasy ariary
Data last updated: 08/2019


Malawi: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office. Other sources: Tobacco Control Commission, Ministry of Mines.
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Malawi kwacha
Data last updated: 08/2019


Malaysia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office. From Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOS) downloaded via CEIC
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). The authorities issue BPM6 historical data back from 2005 and discontinued the BPM5 series. Data before 2005 come from STA database via EcXL
Primary domestic currency: Malaysian ringgit
Data last updated: 09/2019


Maldives: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Data reported to the IMF on a BPM5 basis are re-arranged to a BPM6 presentational basis, for publication purposes.
Primary domestic currency: Maldivian rufiyaa
Data last updated: 09/2019


Mali: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019


Malta: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Marshall Islands: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2016/17
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Mauritania: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2016
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: New Mauritanian Ouguiya
Data last updated: 09/2019


Mauritius: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary data
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Mauritian rupee
Data last updated: 09/2019


Mexico: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Mexican peso
Data last updated: 09/2019


Micronesia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Data provided in BPM5, desks converted to BPM6.
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Moldova: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Moldovan leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Mongolia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2016
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). The data is BPM6, but we use BPM5 presentation in our files/tables. This is because some of the series that we forecast(and are important for MNG such as loan disbursement and amortization) are not available under the BPM6 presentation. The BPM6 submission template is mainly used to change the presentation (for example the changed signs in FA). Just to clarify, we are referring to data from 2016 onward.
Primary domestic currency: Mongolian togrog
Data last updated: 09/2019


Montenegro: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 08/2019


Morocco: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Foreign Exchange Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Moroccan dirham
Data last updated: 09/2019


Mozambique: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Data provided by Bank de Mozambique (BOM).
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary
Notes: Data prior to 1992 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Mozambican metical
Data last updated: 08/2019


Myanmar: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Historical data up to 2017 have been re-estimated by IMF staff to ensure data consistency after the change of fiscal year starting 2018 from April-March to October-September.
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Includes adjustments by staff towards BPM6 presentation. Historical data up to 2010/2011 are converted by staff based on data from BPM5 manual, as they are not available in BPM6 presentation.
Primary domestic currency: Myanmar kyat
Data last updated: 09/2019


Namibia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Namibia dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Nauru: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: IMF Staff Estimates. Nauru Authorities and IMF staff estimates
Latest actual data: 2016/17
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Australian dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Nepal: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Nepalese rupee
Data last updated: 08/2019


Netherlands: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. IMF STA BPM6 Database
Latest actual data: 2018. The latest data (2018) is sourced from the DNB.
Notes: SFIs are integrated in the resident economy.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


New Zealand: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office. Statistics New Zealand
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: New Zealand dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Nicaragua: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: IMF Staff Estimates
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Due to political and economic events (civil war and hyperinflation) data prior to 1995 are less reliable.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Nicaraguan córdoba
Data last updated: 09/2019


Niger: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 08/2019


Nigeria: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. IMF Statistics Department
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1990 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Nigerian naira
Data last updated: 09/2019


North Macedonia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Macedonian denar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Norway: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Norwegian krone
Data last updated: 09/2019


Oman: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Omani rial
Data last updated: 09/2019


Pakistan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18
Notes: Prior to 1990, data are not consistent for the following reasons: (i) data may not correspond to fiscal years; (ii) data were compiled based on the methodology set out in the 4th edition of the BoP Manual rather than the 5th edition; and (iii) due to the ongoing Fund program with Pakistan and market sensitivity, the series from which the nominal exchange rate assumptions can be calculated aren't made public.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Pakistan rupee
Data last updated: 09/2019


Palau: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2017/18
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Panama: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). IMF Staff reports identify public sector flows in the financial account
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Papua New Guinea: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Some Treasury data as well
Latest actual data: 2015
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Papua New Guinea kina
Data last updated: 09/2019


Paraguay: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Paraguayan guaraní
Data last updated: 09/2019


Peru: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Peruvian nuevo sol
Data last updated: 09/2019


Philippines: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Accessed via CEIC
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Philippine peso
Data last updated: 09/2019


Poland: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zloty
Data last updated: 09/2019


Portugal: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Qatar: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: IMF Staff Estimates. IMF Staff Estimates. Qatar Petroleum/Qatar Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Qatari riyal
Data last updated: 09/2019


Romania: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the National Bank of Romania.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Russia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Russian ruble
Data last updated: 09/2019


Rwanda: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Rwandan franc
Data last updated: 08/2019


Samoa: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017/18. Fiscal year used
Notes: Data prior to 2000 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Samoa tala
Data last updated: 08/2019


San Marino: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Other
Latest actual data: 2017. First time the authorities have compiled BOP statistics
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


São Tomé and Príncipe: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: São Tomé and Príncipe dobra
Data last updated: 09/2019


Saudi Arabia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. BOP data from 2005 constitutes a break reflecting the authorities' adoption of BPM6
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Saudi Arabian riyal
Data last updated: 09/2019


Senegal: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank and Staff estimates.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 09/2019


Serbia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. National Bank of Serbia
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). NBS introduced BPM6 in April 2014.
Primary domestic currency: Serbian dinar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Seychelles: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2016
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Seychelles rupee
Data last updated: 09/2019


Sierra Leone: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Sierra Leonean leone
Data last updated: 08/2019


Singapore: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Singapore dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Slovak Republic: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. National bank of Slovakia
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Balance of payments data before 2009 reflect staff estimates to comply with BPM6 pending provision of a longer times series based on BPM6.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Slovenia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Solomon Islands: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The IMF staff estimates the current account balance based on foreign exchange receipts and payments data published by the Central Bank of Solomon Islands.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Solomon Islands dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Somalia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Somali shilling
Data last updated: 08/2019


South Africa: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: South African rand
Data last updated: 09/2019


South Sudan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: The data comes from a combination of IMF Staff / Ministry of Economy / Ministry of Finance / National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: All data is estimated from secondary sources.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: South Sudanese pound
Data last updated: 08/2019


Spain: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2019


Sri Lanka: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Sri Lanka rupee
Data last updated: 09/2019


St. Kitts and Nevis: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018. Estimated.
Notes: On account of a methodological change to the compilation of balance of payments statistics, data for BOP series before 2014 have been removed.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


St. Lucia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary.
Notes: On account of a methodological change to the compilation of balance of payments statistics, data for BOP series before 2014 have been removed.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Starting from the year 2014, the authorities revised their Balance of Payments methodology and reported their data in BPM6.
Primary domestic currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


St. Vincent and the Grenadines: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: On account of a methodological change to the compilation of balance of payments statistics, data for BOP series before 2014 have been removed.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Starting from the year 2014, the authorities revised their Balance of Payments methodology and reported their data in BPM6. Data for prior years are converted to the BPM6 presentation from the BPM5 data by IMF staff.
Primary domestic currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Sudan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. of Sudan
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Sudanese pound
Data last updated: 09/2019


Suriname: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Surinamese dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Sweden: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Swedish krona
Data last updated: 09/2019


Switzerland: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Swiss franc
Data last updated: 09/2019


Syria: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2009
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Syrian pound
Data last updated: 08/2015


Taiwan Province of China: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Data retrieved from CEIC
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: BPM6 exports and imports estimates may deviate from authorities' data due to imputed merchanting trade data.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: New Taiwan dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Tajikistan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2016
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Tajik somoni
Data last updated: 08/2019


Tanzania: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). Our SPR economist's understanding is that the authorities have been moving onto the BPM6, but this move has not happened. Similarly, they will check with the authorities
Primary domestic currency: Tanzania shilling
Data last updated: 09/2019


Thailand: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Downloaded via CEIC; Prior to 2005 data come from STA downloaded via EcXL.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). The authorities issue BPM6 historical data back from 2005 and discontinued the BPM5 series. 
Primary domestic currency: Thai baht
Data last updated: 09/2019


Timor-Leste: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Togo: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: CFA franc
Data last updated: 08/2019


Tonga: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. National Reserve Bank of Tonga and Statistic Department of Tonga
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Tongan pa'anga
Data last updated: 09/2019


Trinidad and Tobago: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Trinidad and Tobago dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Tunisia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Tunisian dinar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Turkey: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Data from Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 09/2019


Turkmenistan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Turkmenistan authorities and IMF staff estimates and projections, the central budget data are not reported according to GFSM 2001 by the authorities.
Latest actual data: 2015
Notes: Data prior to 2009 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: New Turkmen manat
Data last updated: 09/2019


Tuvalu: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: IMF Staff Estimates. STA
Latest actual data: 2012
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Australian dollar
Data last updated: 08/2019


Uganda: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Uganda shilling
Data last updated: 09/2019


Ukraine: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Formally, the National Bank of Ukraine. Starting in 2014Q2, data excludes Crimea and Sevastopol.
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Data is based on BPM6 data.
Primary domestic currency: Ukrainian hryvnia
Data last updated: 09/2019


United Arab Emirates: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: U.A.E. dirham
Data last updated: 09/2019


United Kingdom: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Pound sterling
Data last updated: 09/2019


United States: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollar
Data last updated: 09/2019


Uruguay: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6). Data prior to 2012 are unavailable in accordance with the authorities current methodology.
Primary domestic currency: Uruguayan peso
Data last updated: 09/2019


Uzbekistan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Ministry of Economy and/or Planning
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Uzbek sum
Data last updated: 08/2019


Vanuatu: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Vanuatu vatu
Data last updated: 09/2019


Venezuela: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. http://www.bcv.org.ve/c2/indicadores.asp
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5). Venezuela compiles and disseminates BOP/IIP in BPM5. These historical data, for publication purposes in the IFS, are converted to BPM6 by STA. WEO data are published in BPM5.
Primary domestic currency: Venezuelan bolívar soberano
Data last updated: 09/2019


Vietnam: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Vietnamese dong
Data last updated: 09/2019


Yemen: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: IMF Staff Estimates
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)
Primary domestic currency: Yemeni rial
Data last updated: 08/2019


Zambia: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Zambian kwacha
Data last updated: 08/2019


Zimbabwe: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe and Ministry of Finance.
Latest actual data: 2017. Structural break in 2010 due to a shift in the data source from exchange control data to customs data for trade statistics
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: RTGS dollars
Data last updated: 09/2019


 
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