World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019

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5. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects

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       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021202220232024
RomaniaGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019385.740386.126401.185425.256450.771450.320461.128464.817462.493435.668411.216358.059326.670331.661344.701369.307383.888360.651343.277339.329349.240367.464388.420397.514438.967459.458496.348532.252581.792549.692528.247538.850550.043569.374588.794611.590640.951685.762713.849742.403768.387791.439815.181839.636864.826
RomaniaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).3.3040.1003.9006.0006.000-0.1002.4000.800-0.500-5.800-5.612-12.927-8.7661.5283.9327.1383.948-6.053-4.818-1.1502.9215.2185.7032.34110.4284.6688.0297.2349.307-5.517-3.9012.0072.0773.5153.4113.8724.8016.9914.0964.0003.5003.0003.0003.0003.000
RomaniaGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/20190.0830.0830.0830.0830.0830.0830.0850.0850.0870.0810.0870.2230.6092.0245.0287.28711.00225.54937.75955.12680.873117.391152.272191.918244.688286.862342.763425.691539.835530.894528.247559.245593.743635.459668.590712.588765.135856.727944.2201,027.5341,096.6731,167.3151,243.0371,322.1821,402.180
RomaniaGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).46.05355.31955.37548.40139.11148.28652.29058.47760.53854.23638.51629.07019.77926.62430.37635.83835.69235.64442.54335.95337.28140.39546.06557.80674.97498.454122.024174.589214.317174.102166.225183.443171.196190.948199.628177.895188.495211.407239.552243.698261.868281.062301.666322.862345.161
RomaniaGross domestic product, current pricesPurchasing power parity; international dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).106.821117.045129.123142.231156.205160.985168.167173.705178.931175.162171.519154.398144.073149.740158.950173.867184.041175.883169.294169.763178.627192.070206.236214.984243.794263.123292.851322.471359.341342.103332.588346.350360.326379.533399.742419.541444.236484.245516.359546.586576.946606.520637.241669.494703.459
RomaniaGross domestic product, deflatorIndex See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).0.0210.0210.0210.0200.0180.0180.0180.0180.0190.0190.0210.0620.1860.6101.4591.9732.8667.08411.00016.24623.15731.94639.20348.28055.74262.43569.05779.97992.78896.580100.000103.785107.945111.607113.552116.514119.375124.931132.272138.407142.724147.493152.486157.471162.134
RomaniaGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).17,188.07517,103.30617,686.35718,671.95719,712.11319,603.49319,968.56520,014.31219,810.27918,594.03317,529.49915,286.53414,000.17414,292.33114,945.45816,107.89316,837.47615,902.74115,212.82715,109.48515,566.60116,398.48417,821.68718,380.00720,397.04321,487.69123,349.83825,188.81728,193.72426,892.54626,028.81526,676.92127,370.75028,440.11829,508.91330,771.02532,435.79634,908.78836,563.37538,028.18639,361.58440,544.96741,763.88343,019.60444,313.172
RomaniaGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesPurchasing power parity; 2011 international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).11,047.78110,993.29511,368.05612,001.55912,670.12712,600.31112,834.96412,864.36912,733.22511,951.47311,267.2349,825.5498,998.7309,186.5179,606.32010,353.48510,822.43010,221.6229,778.1749,711.75010,005.56510,540.26511,455.04011,813.90513,110.37213,811.39515,008.30616,190.32618,121.75517,285.41216,730.24217,146.81717,592.78218,280.12718,967.10419,778.33720,848.38322,437.91923,501.41924,442.93925,299.99226,060.62126,844.08927,651.21528,482.667
RomaniaGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).3.6943.6763.6623.6513.6403.5943.6683.6763.7083.4493.6949.50426.10187.216217.993317.821482.5701,126.5741,673.3422,454.6443,604.7425,238.7236,986.5988,873.77611,369.69313,415.79516,124.69320,145.81326,160.48125,972.92626,028.81527,686.62029,545.32731,741.07033,508.08135,852.57238,720.25143,611.74748,363.01752,633.48256,178.42359,800.86163,684.10667,743.32171,846.868
RomaniaGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).2,052.0812,450.3522,441.2112,125.1571,710.3022,101.9972,264.3682,517.9492,593.0572,314.7441,641.8551,241.063847.6801,147.3251,317.0481,563.1171,565.4721,571.6891,885.3491,600.8811,661.7141,802.6752,113.5962,672.8113,483.7264,604.4505,740.4028,262.40710,385.8488,517.5988,190.5719,081.7248,518.9239,537.82010,004.8768,950.4639,538.92610,761.71212,269.84312,482.97113,414.48714,398.63615,455.16616,542.16617,685.865
RomaniaGross domestic product per capita, current pricesPurchasing power parity; international dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).4,759.8255,184.4555,692.4466,245.0286,830.8217,008.0387,282.2597,479.4697,664.2977,475.8027,311.5646,591.6686,174.5666,452.7636,891.7197,583.4918,072.1247,755.4687,502.5197,559.1517,961.9258,571.3629,462.6359,940.30511,328.13612,305.56513,776.66815,260.94017,413.72216,736.69216,387.90617,146.81717,930.23018,957.62120,034.10021,108.46422,480.87324,650.52526,447.94527,997.85329,554.75431,071.66132,647.55634,302.19536,044.819
RomaniaGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world totalPercent See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).0.8050.7920.8210.8480.8620.8310.8220.7980.7600.6910.6260.5320.4360.4340.4380.4530.4540.4100.3800.3630.3560.3660.3760.3700.3880.3870.3970.4040.4290.4070.3720.3640.3600.3610.3600.3620.3680.3790.3810.3850.3860.3840.3820.3800.378
RomaniaImplied PPP conversion rateNational currency per current international dollar See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).0.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.001------0.0010.0010.0040.0140.0320.0420.0600.1450.2230.3250.4530.6110.7380.8931.0041.0901.1701.3201.5021.5521.5881.6151.6481.6741.6731.6981.7221.7691.8291.8801.9011.9251.9511.9751.993
RomaniaTotal investmentPercent of GDP Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/201928.13025.94128.04229.87530.70533.57234.91632.35928.92727.38230.52528.18631.65329.16225.15524.65726.26721.04118.10115.64919.67022.75622.17323.19524.21722.93127.46731.33733.09327.19627.14328.11226.95025.58524.68425.12823.33323.38224.16123.64821.90921.28821.13321.04420.689
RomaniaGross national savingsPercent of GDP Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/201916.17816.74319.44520.45921.65532.68834.04531.50728.10526.50625.24623.33823.41523.98522.86118.82018.27514.36310.57211.81419.40119.56619.47718.48816.64314.18616.96517.77321.63422.55522.00723.11122.15924.51524.01323.89821.24920.19819.64518.11016.69116.53816.51116.53016.301
RomaniaInflation, average consumer pricesIndex Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2010
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/20190.0100.0100.0120.0120.0120.0120.0120.0130.0130.0130.0300.0770.2400.8542.0232.6753.7149.46115.05321.94831.97042.98552.65660.75067.95174.06478.94582.76289.25594.239100.000105.795109.328113.703114.926114.241112.465113.977119.254124.222128.287131.997135.362138.813142.352
RomaniaInflation, average consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).1.5232.20016.9284.686-0.320-0.2000.7001.1002.6000.900127.900161.121210.386256.105136.74232.27238.809154.76359.09745.80445.66734.45422.49815.37011.8558.9956.5914.8347.8465.5846.1135.7953.3394.0021.076-0.596-1.5551.3444.6314.1663.2722.8922.5492.5492.549
RomaniaInflation, end of period consumer pricesIndex Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2010
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a0.0390.1250.3751.4822.3963.0614.80312.07616.97626.28036.97948.14456.75764.84070.77876.94880.70285.99791.41595.758103.398106.637111.930113.686114.627113.542112.936116.686120.491125.860130.206133.525136.929140.420144.000
RomaniaInflation, end of period consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a222.803199.213295.48161.73927.75056.900151.42040.57054.81040.71030.19317.89014.2419.1588.7174.8796.5616.3004.7517.9783.1334.9641.5690.828-0.947-0.5343.3203.2614.4563.4532.5492.5492.5492.549
RomaniaVolume of imports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/20195.756-0.806-19.8461.74910.527-3.295-5.241-1.042-11.9398.32618.457-29.6087.5224.3852.81130.8492.52014.4541.562-9.40027.52523.49610.67118.44224.94119.74326.68041.29611.198-20.80812.59810.064-1.8098.8448.7127.97416.53611.30211.5987.7216.2535.5025.5435.2965.291
RomaniaVolume of Imports of goodsPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/20197.3011.912-17.7673.16011.6720.933-6.630-3.269-9.83216.237104.529-5.40013.10014.6005.80030.8492.5207.30018.600-0.40029.53326.87211.73620.05226.77418.02327.40545.2349.786-24.65220.1879.810-2.8367.28710.0678.07317.6879.6499.8036.4805.1984.5364.5374.3014.266
RomaniaVolume of exports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/20199.1846.002-8.9132.12014.269-3.554-1.809-1.060-4.351-23.016-39.401-17.9092.91311.12419.03715.085-7.04611.316-0.6075.30023.18014.26017.3518.34114.1449.20311.77120.89913.751-5.68415.52412.1161.10520.1848.0224.56316.0129.9616.7394.5366.3025.6295.3555.1415.304
RomaniaVolume of exports of goodsPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/20198.8109.611-3.9345.31814.695-2.056-6.9791.5665.529-2.907-7.9003.60017.50023.50022.90015.100-7.04612.3005.90010.20024.7353.91725.6329.59417.69113.15710.98841.43815.455-1.14125.98413.4240.87815.8188.5235.26317.7327.9157.9154.4226.3025.6295.3555.1415.304
RomaniaUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2018
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019n/an/an/an/an/a4.0003.9003.7003.7003.4003.4003.5005.4419.20610.9949.8827.3237.8509.6117.1737.6467.3318.2887.8388.0067.1387.1686.3445.5216.2836.9577.1706.7947.0966.8026.8125.9024.9274.1874.3004.6004.9005.0005.0005.000
RomaniaPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: Haver Analytics. Formally, Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2018
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/201922.44222.57622.68322.77522.86822.97123.09323.22423.34623.43123.45923.42323.33323.20523.06422.92722.80022.67922.56522.45822.43522.40821.79521.62821.52121.38221.25721.13120.63620.44020.29520.19920.09620.02019.95319.87619.76119.64419.52419.52219.52119.52019.51919.51819.516
RomaniaGeneral government revenueNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a0.0340.0920.2250.6701.5542.2643.1607.23911.10017.38425.11035.17444.90156.67374.04590.679111.388134.173165.549156.373168.635181.567193.148200.038214.315233.795220.966239.867277.452306.471334.904358.526382.470405.244424.866
RomaniaGeneral government revenuePercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government revenue (National currency).n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a39.38441.51436.98033.10430.90231.07328.71828.33229.39731.53531.04829.96329.48829.53030.26131.61132.49731.51930.66729.45531.92432.46632.53131.47932.05532.80928.87927.99829.38429.82630.53830.71430.76930.65030.300
RomaniaGeneral government total expenditureNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a0.0330.0850.2530.6771.6642.5063.6818.56413.11219.35728.33538.93248.85261.06082.34992.660116.050147.141190.407192.782202.256205.404207.921215.810225.808243.426239.270264.161304.302344.136373.237400.052428.324453.201471.433
RomaniaGeneral government total expenditurePercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government total expenditure (National currency).n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a38.35738.28441.53233.45333.10234.39333.45633.51934.72635.11335.03733.16432.08231.81633.65532.30133.85734.56535.27136.31338.28836.72935.01933.96133.77434.16131.27230.83432.22833.49134.03434.27134.45834.27733.621
RomaniaGeneral government net lending/borrowingNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a0.0010.007-0.028-0.007-0.111-0.242-0.521-1.325-2.012-1.973-3.226-3.758-3.951-4.388-8.303-1.981-4.662-12.968-24.858-36.409-33.621-23.837-14.774-15.772-11.493-9.631-18.304-24.295-26.851-37.665-38.333-41.526-45.853-47.958-46.566
RomaniaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a1.0273.230-4.552-0.350-2.200-3.320-4.738-5.187-5.329-3.579-3.988-3.201-2.595-2.286-3.393-0.690-1.360-3.046-4.605-6.858-6.365-4.262-2.488-2.482-1.719-1.352-2.392-2.836-2.844-3.666-3.495-3.557-3.689-3.627-3.321
RomaniaGeneral government structural balanceNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a-8.225-2.212-9.034-22.490-45.093-43.316-30.507-16.626-8.462-7.5881.1650.185-13.551-29.170-33.380-40.800-43.067-44.573-46.912-47.108-44.556
RomaniaGeneral government structural balancePercent of potential GDP See notes for: 
General government structural balance (National currency).n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a-3.358-0.773-2.743-5.687-9.516-8.536-5.671-2.887-1.372-1.1560.1690.025-1.748-3.465-3.613-4.069-4.015-3.880-3.811-3.579-3.183
RomaniaGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a0.007-0.0260.012-0.043-0.143-0.337-0.359-0.2670.9070.6720.7030.584-0.365-5.6051.184-2.471-10.652-21.627-31.210-26.941-15.672-4.343-5.206-1.448-0.802-8.644-14.569-14.034-23.436-23.131-24.431-27.486-27.555-24.783
RomaniaGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a3.270-4.3100.581-0.863-1.963-3.066-1.407-0.7081.6450.8310.5990.383-0.190-2.2910.413-0.721-2.502-4.006-5.879-5.100-2.802-0.731-0.819-0.217-0.113-1.130-1.701-1.486-2.281-2.109-2.093-2.211-2.084-1.767
RomaniaGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a14.30619.09824.49129.47826.16323.26513.09021.83343.38381.106121.067153.349172.083188.008198.710211.444212.087242.707267.130299.482333.434370.493411.564454.533496.069
RomaniaGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a17.68916.26916.08415.36010.6928.1103.8195.1298.03615.27722.91927.42128.98329.58629.72129.67327.71928.33028.29129.14630.40431.73933.11034.37735.378
RomaniaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019n/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/an/a23.90532.17641.69647.74952.19050.96643.50252.91770.200119.195163.023191.423224.677247.995270.736280.415297.449315.801346.929384.595422.928464.453510.307558.264604.831
Notes
  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  Romania: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Romania: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Romania: Gross domestic product, current prices (Purchasing power parity; international dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Romania: Gross domestic product, deflator (Index)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Romania: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Romania: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Romania: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Romania: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Romania: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (Purchasing power parity; international dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Romania: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total (Percent)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Romania: Implied PPP conversion rate (National currency per current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Romania: Total investment (Percent of GDP)
Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: Gross national savings (Percent of GDP)
Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: Inflation, average consumer prices (Index)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2010
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: Inflation, average consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).


Romania: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2010
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).


Romania: Volume of imports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: Volume of Imports of goods (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: Volume of exports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: Volume of exports of goods (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2018
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: Population (Persons)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2018
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: General government revenue (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: General government revenue (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government revenue (National currency).


Romania: General government total expenditure (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: General government total expenditure (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government total expenditure (National currency).


Romania: General government net lending/borrowing (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Romania: General government structural balance (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: General government structural balance (Percent of potential GDP)
See notes for:
General government structural balance (National currency).


Romania: General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Romania: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


Romania: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Romania: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Gross debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007). Net debt: gross debt excluding guarantees (calculated using the national presentation, i.e. GEO no 64/2007), adjusted for currency and deposits, debt securities and loans of general government.
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections for 2018 reflect legislated changes up to the end of 2017. Those for 2019 and beyond assume that the government target deficit is achieved by adjusting capital spending.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Fiscal sector records on a majority-accrual basis, except with respect to WEO indicators, which are recorded on a GFS-01 cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds; Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 08/2019


 
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