World Economic Outlook Database, April 2020

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5. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects

You will find notes on the data and options to download the table below your results.
       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes2019
AfghanistanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: National accounts data is originally compiled on the basis of a solar year, which runs from March 21 to March 20. Data is converted to calendar years for the purpose of WEO publication.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December. none
Base year: 2002. Base year is the solar year 2002/03
Chain-weighted: No3.037
AlbaniaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: IMF Staff Estimates
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1996
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19962.214
AlgeriaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2001
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20050.700
AngolaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Ministry of Planning
Latest actual data: 2018. Starting from the year 2002, historical National Accounts data are provided by Angola’s National Institute of Statistics (INE). Data for prior years are based on different sources and/or estimated by IMF staff, including using a ratio slicing method in order to avoid breaks in the data.
Notes: Starting from the year 2002, the composition of aggregate demand was revised taking into account updated information from the authorities’ National Accounts statistics. Data for prior years are based on [old information] and/or estimated by IMF staff, including using a ratio slicing method in order to avoid breaks in the data.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2002
Chain-weighted: No-1.503
Antigua and BarbudaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary
Notes: Historical values for expenditure based GDP components are not reported by authorities and are estimated by IMF staff using data from balance of payments and fiscal accounts.  GDP expenditure component estimates prior 2014 have been removed due to internal inconsistencies arising from methodological changes to international trade estimates from the balance of payments applicable to data reported after 2014.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006. Nominal GDP is measured at market prices and real GDP is measured at factor cost, hence the GDP deflator is not equal to 100.
Chain-weighted: No5.264
ArgentinaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2004
Chain-weighted: No-2.163
ArmeniaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No7.597
ArubaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017. The Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) has compiled GDP at current prices by the production and expenditure approaches up to 2009 and has recently done so for the period 2013-17. GDP at constant prices by the expenditure approach has been estimated and disseminated by the Central Bank of Aruba up to 2017. The CBS is still working on the their update and revision of Aruba's National Account Statistics.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20000.400
AustraliaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Australian Bureau of Statistics (via Haver Analytics)
Latest actual data: 2019. Data refer to calendar years
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2017/18. The base period is 2017Q3-2018Q2
Chain-weighted: Yes, from before 1980. Annually-reweighted1.847
AustriaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19951.585
AzerbaijanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 2001 cannot be confirmed at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19942.250
The BahamasGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: No1.801
BahrainGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No1.819
BangladeshGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December. Authorities report July/June, we convert to Jan/Dec.
Base year: 2005/06. We estimate calendar year data by adding taking the average of two consecutive fiscal years. Please note that the base year will still be in fiscal year regardless of any transformation we make here.
Chain-weighted: No7.879
BarbadosGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. The National Statistics Office is the primary source of National Accounts Data. Partial data is published on the central bank website. Expenditure side not available.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. Constant price GDP is based on 1974 as base year, compiled by the Central bank of Barbados (CBB). Currently, the Barbados Statistical Services (BSS) ,with the assistance of CARTAC, began compiling constant price GDP by industry using 2010 as base year.
Chain-weighted: No-0.098
BelarusGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Formally, the National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The national accounts have been updated from 2014 onwards. Prior to 2014 the data are adjusted to produce smooth series with the use of a splicing technique. These estimates continue to serve as proxies for historical series when complete information is unavailable.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20051.222
BelgiumGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank. Data before 1995 were spliced with older series. Data from 1995 reflect current official series, following benchmark national account revision 1995-2018 released in Sept 2019.
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010. ESA 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995. Data before 1995 are spliced with older series.1.365
BelizeGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: No0.297
BeninGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No6.397
BhutanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018/19
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 2000/01. Nominal and real GDP are not measured in the same way and as a result, the GDP deflator is not equal to 100.
Chain-weighted: No5.335
BoliviaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1990
Chain-weighted: No2.800
Bosnia and HerzegovinaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20002.700
BotswanaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No2.966
BrazilGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1995
Chain-weighted: No1.133
Brunei DarussalamGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Department of Economic Planning and Development, Prime Minister's office.
Latest actual data: 2019. Latest observation 2019Q4
National accounts manual used: SNA 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No3.869
BulgariaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19963.372
Burkina FasoGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. The ministry of economy also provides estimates
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No5.689
BurundiGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2015. No official national accounts data have been published since 1998.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No1.772
Cabo VerdeGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The national accounts data have been revised from 2002 onward. The new data are obtained through a new computation methodology that uses an updated input-output table. The base year for the constant prices data is 2007.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20115.458
CambodiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000. The GDP deflator data from the authorities do not equal 100 in the base period
Chain-weighted: No7.045
CameroonGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No3.747
CanadaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19801.636
Central African RepublicGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No2.970
ChadGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993. Unknown
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No2.960
ChileGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20031.124
ChinaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Data retrieved from CEIC
Latest actual data: 2019. Latest actual data for real GDP and expenditure breakdown is 2019.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices. Authorities publish production-based measure; staff estimates expenditure-based measures.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015. For the national account real, we are using 2015 as base year
Chain-weighted: No6.110
ColombiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993. Fifth Manual
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015. DANE (Colombia Institute of Statistics) has done a rebasing of the national accounts (now base year is 2015 and before 2005). Data with the new base is ONLY AVAILABLE FROM 2005. The change also includes methodological changes (for example, direct estimation of private consumption based on a survey) and most important, change in the index formulae (historically a Laspeyres fixed-base index and now a Laspeyres chain index). The main implications are that the 2005 and 2015 series are not comparable and the chain index is associated with non-additivity of the components.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20053.322
ComorosGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Planning Commissariat
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: Other
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20071.866
Democratic Republic of the CongoGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 2001 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No4.381
Republic of CongoGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1990
Chain-weighted: No-0.902
Costa RicaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: No2.084
Côte d'IvoireGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015. The authorities' rebasing exercise to 2015 is ongoing
Chain-weighted: No6.900
CroatiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. By the former Central Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Croatia (CroStat), now the Croatian Bureau of Statistics (CBS, www.dzs.hr).
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: The authorities produce data from 1995 only; Earlier data for the GDP and its components result from splicing.  The GDP estimates include all economic activities within the ESA 2010 production boundary, covering both registered and unregistered activities. In addition to the unregistered activities covered since the implementation of ESA 1995 in 2009, since September 2014 CBS is also covering data on illegal activities  within ESA 2010.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices. Gross domestic product (GDP) by expenditure approach is valued at market prices and gross value added (GVA) by production approach is valued at basic prices.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No2.919
CyprusGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: ESA 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19953.230
Czech RepublicGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19952.566
DenmarkGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: ESA 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19802.367
DjiboutiGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No7.498
DominicaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No9.205
Dominican RepublicGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20075.071
EcuadorGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: The national accounts have been updated from 2002 onwards. Prior to 2002 the data are adjusted to produce smooth series with the use of splicing technique. These estimates continue to serve as proxies for historical series when complete information is unavailable.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: No0.054
EgyptGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Ministry of Economy and/or Planning. Ministry of Planning
Latest actual data: 2018/19
Notes: Data prior to 1987 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. From 2001/2002, the structure, concepts, definitions, and classifications follow the 1993 System and part of 2008 of National Accounts
GDP valuation: Market prices. Data refer to fiscal years
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 2016/17
Chain-weighted: No5.558
El SalvadorGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No2.385
Equatorial GuineaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Ministry of Economy and/or Planning. Ministry of Economy, Planning, and Public Investment, and Banque des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale (Central Bank)
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Since 2006, IMF staff have estimated real GDP growth from hydrocarbon production and investment data and the government expenditure. The national authorities are considering the adoption of the IMF staff estimates.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No-6.096
EritreaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: IMF Staff Estimates
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: No3.836
EstoniaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Data from 2003 onwards reflect methodological revisions.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20104.334
EswatiniGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Updated methodology has been applied to the series. Prior to 2000, the data are adjusted using previous historical data as proxies to produce smooth series with the use of splicing technique. Historical data are updated on a continual basis as more information becomes available. Prior to 1990, trade data are calculated from external sector statistics.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: No1.037
EthiopiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018/19
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs. Data refer to fiscal years (July/June). Data for 2011 represent fiscal year 2010/11.
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 2015/16
Chain-weighted: No8.967
FijiGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Fiji Islands Bureau of Statistics
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No0.500
FinlandGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Downloaded through Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: ESA 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19800.980
FranceGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19801.310
GabonGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2001
Chain-weighted: No3.402
The GambiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No5.975
GeorgiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1996 cannot be confirmed by national sources. Data prior to 2010 are based on staff estimates.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19965.148
GermanyGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.0.565
GhanaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No6.113
GreeceGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Formally, the National Statistical Office (ELSTAT)
Latest actual data: 2019. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2019Q4.
Notes: The National Statistical Office has significantly and repeatedly revised national accounts data over the course of the past several years. Official data are only available from 1995. Data prior to 1995 came from European Commission Macro Forecasts (AMECO database).
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19951.870
GrenadaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Historical values for expenditure based GDP components are not reported by authorities and are estimated by IMF staff using data from balance of payments and fiscal accounts.  GDP expenditure component estimates prior 2014 have been removed due to internal inconsistencies arising from methodological changes to international trade estimates from the balance of payments applicable to data reported after 2014.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No3.142
GuatemalaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank. Also use data from Haver.
Latest actual data: 2018. Data in yearly frequency.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013. Since the release of the new base year took longer than initially planned, the new base year appears to be a bit stale.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20013.570
GuineaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No5.645
Guinea-BissauGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1997 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No4.600
GuyanaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Components of GDP by expenditure after 2007 (private and public consumption, private and public investment) are estimates because authorities stopped producing the data.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006. Previous base year 1988. Rebased to 2006 in 2009. GDP deflator not equal to 100 in base year (2006) because the nominal GDP at market prices includes indirect taxes.
Chain-weighted: No4.663
HaitiGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017/18
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: October/September
Base year: 1986/87. Fiscal year 1986-1987
Chain-weighted: No-1.197
HondurasGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: No2.651
Hong Kong SARGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Data retrieved from CEIC
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2017
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980-1.188
HungaryGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: We maintain data only after 1995, as this is what the Statistical office provides.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005. Changes in inventories is an estimate.4.928
IcelandGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19901.919
IndiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. The original data is in fiscal years, which begins in April and ends in March, to match with authorities' reporting methods.
Latest actual data: 2018/19. Official data for the latest year are revised estimates. Data available on quarter-by-quarter basis.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: April/March
Base year: 2011/12. The base year is by Fiscal Year, which is April to March (e.g. FY2004: April 2004 – March 2005). Growth rates of real GDP calculated from 1998 to 2011 are as per national accounts with base year 2004/05, and thereafter are as per national accounts with base year 2011/12
Chain-weighted: No4.228
IndonesiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Accessed via Haver Data.
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. National account SNA 2008 was  released in 2015 and the authorities publish data from 2010 only. Whenever applicable, the desks use spliced series from Haver for data prior 2010.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No5.025
Islamic Republic of IranGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018/19
Notes: GDP in current prices in U.S. dollars is calculated by using the official exchange rate of the Central Bank of Iran (CBI), except for the years 2011- 2015 when the applicable exchange rate is a weighted average of the CBI official exchange rate and the parallel market exchange rate.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993. n.a.
GDP valuation: Market prices. Data refer to fiscal years
Start/end months of reporting year: April/March. n.a.
Base year: 2011/12. 2011/12=100
Chain-weighted: No-7.586
IraqGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: 1968/93 SNA.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007. Base year rebased from 1988 to 2007 in end-2014.
Chain-weighted: No3.914
IrelandGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Central Statistical Office of Ireland (CSO)
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Prior to 1995 Real GDP is calculated using implied growth rates and excludes services produced by financial intermediaries (FISIM).
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010. The revision of NAs in accordance with ESA 2010 starts in 1997.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2017. Base year changes every year. Due to chain-linking, the base equals to 100.1 instead of 100.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19955.543
IsraelGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. The System of National Accounts was revised in August 2013 in accordance with changes in the new System of National Accounts 2008.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19953.503
ItalyGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010. ESA2010
GDP valuation: Gross domestic product, chained
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19800.301
JamaicaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007. Base year was changed from 2003 to 2007 for the Spring 2012 WEO round.
Chain-weighted: No0.970
JapanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: the recent revision didn’t go back pre-1994
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19800.654
JordanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016
Chain-weighted: No2.021
KazakhstanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1996 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. Official GDP is calculated based on production, which does not match the total by expenditure’s components.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19944.500
KenyaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2009
Chain-weighted: No5.626
KiribatiGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No2.297
KoreaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank. The Bank of Korea revised the national accounts data when adopting the 2008 System of National Accounts (SNA). Official data are only available from 2000. Data prior to 2000 were obtained by applying the growth rates of the previous data series and should be treated as provisional.
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from before 19802.033
KosovoGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. We have received revised National Accounts data.
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016. Base year changes as new data is released - previous year's prices
Chain-weighted: No4.000
KuwaitGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Ministry of Planning and Central Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Real GDP data for the period 1990-2009 have been adjusted by desk economist to account for breaks in the source data. The breaks are associated with changes in the base year from 1984 to 1995, to 2000, and subsequently to 2010. Pre-revision data exist for the period prior to 1995. The nominal data were revised back to 1995. The latest revision of nominal and real data go to 2010. Using the pre-revision data, desk economist recalculated the constant price data for the period prior to 1995 so that y-o-y change of each component remains unchanged. A similar adjustment was made to the period 1995-2009.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. Nominal data has been revised by country authorities, therefore, deflators do not add to 100 until the Real figures get revised.
Chain-weighted: No0.734
Kyrgyz RepublicGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No4.468
Lao P.D.R.Gross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: No4.720
LatviaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19952.197
LebanonGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. 2004-2014
Latest actual data: 2018. Data for 2004-2014 revised as per the latest data from the statistics office.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. Accounts were established according to the SNA 2008 but with simplified model adapted to Lebanon. .
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. Used by Fund staff (the authorities use 2010 as base year).
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2010-6.513
LesothoGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017/18. 2017/2018 is latest actual data
Notes: The national accounts real values have been updated from 2015 onwards. Prior to 2015 the data has been adjusted to produce smooth series with the use of splicing technique. These estimates continue to serve as proxies for historical series when complete information is unavailable.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. The authorities produce estimates of GDP on the basis of sectoral production
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: April/March. Observations for NGDP_R[12/13] and NGDP[12/13] are saved in DMX in year 2012
Base year: 2012/13. 2012/2013 is base year
Chain-weighted: No1.196
LiberiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank of Liberia
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Real GDP are in billions of U.S. dollars. The National Accounts data are staff estimates and are based on the preliminary results of the 2016 Household Income and Expenditure Survey, and of an ongoing STA technical assistance on National Accounts. The pre-2016 data were spliced with a constant ratio. These staff estimates will be replaced once official data become available.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993. The National Accounts data are staff estimates and are based on the preliminary results of the 2016 Household Income and Expenditure Survey, and of an ongoing STA technical assistance on National Accounts. The pre-2016 data were spliced with a constant ratio. These staff estimates will be replaced once official data become available.
GDP valuation: Market prices. Official data reported in billions of U.S. dollars.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1992
Chain-weighted: No-2.516
LibyaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Ministry of Planning .
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. Compiled using the 1968 System of National Accounts (SNA) methodology.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: No9.890
LithuaniaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Data from Statistics Lithuania: http://www.stat.gov.lt/en/
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20053.914
LuxembourgGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995. The Luxembourg statistics office (STATEC) publishes the national accounts data starting from 2000 only. Previously, the same data were published from 1995, but when the authorities moved to the ESA 2010 standard, the historical data were only revised back to 2000.2.298
Macao SARGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2017
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2001-4.711
MadagascarGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017. 2018 is prelim data
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: No4.758
MalawiGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2011. Since 2011 we have used IMF staff’s and Malawian authorities’ combined estimates for National Accounts data.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No4.500
MalaysiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. From Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOS) downloaded via CEIC
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: GDP was rebased by the National Statistical Office, new base year is 2015. The official series starts in 2015. Data prior to that is spliced based on the old series.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015. Data prior to 2015 are spliced by the country team.
Chain-weighted: No4.330
MaldivesGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. National Bureau of Statistics
Latest actual data: 2018. The last two years are estimated figures
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. Production-based measure.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No5.657
MaliGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: National accounts have new methodology starting in 1990.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1999
Chain-weighted: No5.100
MaltaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Haver Analytics. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20004.384
Marshall IslandsGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017/18
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: October/September
Base year: 2003/04. Base year is Fiscal Year 2004 (Calendar Year 2003/2004).
Chain-weighted: No2.411
MauritaniaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2015
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No5.861
MauritiusGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Figures for exports and imports of services are not equal to those compiled by the BOM, due to the difference in sectoral coverage and the treatment of FISIM by CSO and BOM.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19993.482
MexicoGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No-0.146
MicronesiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017/18
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: October/September
Base year: 2003/04
Chain-weighted: No1.183
MoldovaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: National accounts data from 2010 onwards sourced from the latest update by the National Bureau of Statistics. National accounts data prior to 2010 have been backspliced by IMF staff.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1995. The National Statistics Office is using 2010 as a base year while this submission is based on 1995.
Chain-weighted: No3.580
MongoliaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Discrepancies rise from staff estimates based on the balance of payment data and the authorities' data on net exports at constant price.
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Data prior to 1991 cannot be confirmed by national sources. Data after 2000 has been rebased
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No5.099
MontenegroGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. MONSTAT
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No3.609
MoroccoGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20072.203
MozambiqueGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica (INE).
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Data prior to 1992 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993. Authorities have incorporated certain aspects of the 2008 SNA manual.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No2.224
MyanmarGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development. Historical data up to 2015/16 have been re-estimated by IMF staff to ensure data consistency after the change of fiscal year from April-March to October-September.
Latest actual data: 2018/19
National accounts manual used: Other
GDP valuation: Market prices. Data refer to fiscal years
Start/end months of reporting year: October/September. In 2018 Myanmar authorities changed the fiscal year to 1 October to 30 September from previously 1 April to 31 March. Historical data up to 2015/16 have been re-estimated by IMF staff to ensure data consistency.
Base year: 2015/16
Chain-weighted: No6.500
NamibiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: No-1.395
NauruGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Nauru Authorities, IMF staff estimates
Latest actual data: 2017/18. Nauru Authorities, IMF staff estimates
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 2006/07
Chain-weighted: No0.959
NepalGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018/19
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. Data refer to fiscal years
Start/end months of reporting year: August/July. Fiscal year starts on July 16th, and ends July 15th the following year
Base year: 2000/01. Data prior to 2000/01 were estimated by IMF staff by using data splicing
Chain-weighted: No7.051
NetherlandsGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: ESA 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19801.811
New ZealandGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Statistics New Zealand
Latest actual data: 2019. Authorities' actual annual data are April/March recalculated using quarterly data as Jan/Dec
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices. Data refer to calendar years
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December. January/December annual data calculated from quarterly data consistent with authorities' actual April/March annual data
Base year: 2009/10. The base year is 2009Q2 to 2010Q1
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19872.180
NicaraguaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Due to political and economic events (civil war and hyperinflation) data prior to 1995 are less reliable.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993. In 2012 Nicaragua officially changed the base year of the national accounts from 1994 to 2006. In 2003 Nicaragua officially changed the base year of the national accounts from 1980 to 1994 and adopted the United Nations System of National Accounts (SNA93) for the calculation of GDP. Methodology described in: http://www.bcn.gob.ni/publicaciones/eventuales/pib_trimestral/PIB_Trimestral.pdf
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1994. annual overlap-3.879
NigerGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No5.829
NigeriaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Official re-based (2010) data for 2010-13 was published in July 2014, based on SNA 2008. Official backcasted data were published in July 2016 and 1990-2009 nominal and real GDP numbers were updated. However expenditure components of GDP are still IMF staff estimates and are subject to revision with official backcasted data.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Official backcasted data were published in July 2016 and 1990-2009 nominal and real GDP numbers were updated. However expenditure components of GDP are still IMF staff estimates and are subject to revision with official backcasted data.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. from October WEO submission
Chain-weighted: No2.208
North MacedoniaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No3.551
NorwayGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: Nominally ESA 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2017
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19801.151
OmanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No0.469
PakistanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017/18
National accounts manual used: Combination of SNA 1968 and SNA 1993, SNA 2008
GDP valuation: Real GDP is based on factor costs whereas nominal GDP is based on market prices.
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 2005/06. Data before 2006 were extended backwards using growth rates for overall GDP and expenditure component shares of the original series. Real GDP is based on factor costs whereas nominal GDP is based on market prices. As a result, any calculated GDP deflator using these the two different concepts will not be accurate.
Chain-weighted: No3.294
PalauGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2017/18
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: October/September
Base year: 2014/15
Chain-weighted: No0.500
PanamaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007. The 2007 base year publication is labelled  preliminary ; revisions are expected in the future. The deflator in base year 2007 is not exactly 100 because of data splicing (based on recently released data for the last three years only)
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20073.006
Papua New GuineaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistical Office and MOF
Latest actual data: 2015
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No5.026
ParaguayGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Before 2008, GDP data were constructed backward using the new 2014 base year.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No0.200
PeruGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: No2.162
PhilippinesGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. National Statistical Coordination; accessed via CEIC and Haver
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: No5.905
PolandGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20104.095
PortugalGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19802.157
Puerto RicoGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Puerto Rico Planning Board
Latest actual data: 2017/18
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts 1968
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 1954
Chain-weighted: No2.000
QatarGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Qatar Planning and Statistics Authority(from 2010); Haver and IMF staff estimates (pre-2010).
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No0.066
RomaniaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20004.078
RussiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Gross capital formation includes statistical discrepancy.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. SNA 2008 for 2014 and combination of SNA 1993/2008 for 2011-2013. Prior to 2011 SNA 1993.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016. The discrepancy in historical national account comes from source data which recently got rebased. In the new methodology they rebased all the components of GDP prior to Q1 2016 by using the growth rates of the old series in 2011 prices.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19951.336
RwandaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No10.063
SamoaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018/19. Fiscal year used
Notes: Data prior to 2000 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices. Data refer to fiscal years
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 2012/13. Base year was updated from 2009 to 2013, affecting the data from 2009.
Chain-weighted: No3.464
San MarinoGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: No1.100
São Tomé and PríncipeGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Instituto Nacional de Estatistica de Sao Tome & Principe.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: There is a break in the series for 2001 onwards due to revision in GDP data.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2008. Previously it was 2000. Manual revision to 2000 to smooth the series since the authorities did not splice and provide 2000. The rebased series begins in 2001
Chain-weighted: No1.302
Saudi ArabiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. General Authority for Statistics, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (GSTAT)
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No0.331
SenegalGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No5.287
SerbiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010. National Accounts are based on conceptual framework of the 2008 SNA/ESA 2010 (introduced in October 2014).
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20104.187
SeychellesGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No3.901
Sierra LeoneGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20105.124
SingaporeGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. Singapore has adopted the major recommendations of the 2008 SNA
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20150.733
Slovak RepublicGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Haver Analytics. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19972.276
SloveniaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20002.443
Solomon IslandsGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank. For data prior to 1990, the source is IMF staff estimates.
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. The data for 2004 to 2006 are provided by the country authorities. For 2007 and onwards, real GDP is estimated by the staff, based on sectoral growth information provided by the Central Bank of Solomon Islands.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2004
Chain-weighted: No1.240
SomaliaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: SNA 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No2.900
South AfricaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No0.153
South SudanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. National Bureau of Statistics
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Preliminary results by NBS, will be revised with time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No11.283
SpainGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19951.977
Sri LankaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Department of Census and Statistics
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. Staff used splicing method for the historical series.
Chain-weighted: No2.283
St. Kitts and NevisGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018. Estimates.
Notes: Historical values for expenditure based GDP components are not reported by authorities and are estimated by IMF staff using data from balance of payments and fiscal accounts.  GDP expenditure component estimates prior 2014 have been removed due to internal inconsistencies arising from methodological changes to international trade estimates from the balance of payments applicable to data reported after 2014.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No2.909
St. LuciaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018. Estimates.
Notes: Historical values for expenditure based GDP components are not reported by authorities and are estimated by IMF staff using data from balance of payments and fiscal accounts.  GDP expenditure component estimates prior 2014 have been removed due to internal inconsistencies arising from methodological changes to international trade estimates from the balance of payments applicable to data reported after 2014.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2018
Chain-weighted: No1.729
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary
Notes: Historical values for expenditure based GDP components are not reported by authorities and are estimated by IMF staff using data from balance of payments and fiscal accounts.  GDP expenditure component estimates prior 2014 have been removed due to internal inconsistencies arising from methodological changes to international trade estimates from the balance of payments applicable to data reported after 2014.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. Real GDP at market prices begins in 2000
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No0.400
SudanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Central Bureau of Statistics.
Latest actual data: 2016. Substantial delay occurred in the regular production of national accounts data.
National accounts manual used: SNA1968
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1982. Fiscal year and calendar year are the same.
Chain-weighted: No-2.521
SurinameGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. IMF Staff reports, National Statistical Office, and IMF staff estimates.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: No2.300
SwedenGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. In June 2010, the authorities performed a major revision of historical time series data 1993-2009 which involved the introduction of new methods, improved source data and a further adjustment to recommendations from the European Union
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: ESA2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2018
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19931.232
SwitzerlandGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19800.917
SyriaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Central Bureau of Statistics.
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Non/a
Taiwan Province of ChinaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Data retrieved from CEIC
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices. Expenditure-based measure
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016. Rebased from 2011 to 2016.
Chain-weighted: No2.714
TajikistanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1995
Chain-weighted: No7.500
TanzaniaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No6.269
ThailandGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Economic and Social Development Board
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2002
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1993. Ratio splicing for years before 19932.372
Timor-LesteGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No3.100
TogoGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2016
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007. for the GDP deflator, there is a little discrepancy
Chain-weighted: No5.300
TongaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank. National Reserve Bank of Tonga
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December. Calendar year data refer to the average of two fiscal years (July/June). For example, CY2009 is the average of fiscal years 2008/09 and 2009/10
Base year: 2010. Authority has revised the base year to FY2010/11, but we submit data as of calendar year which refers to the average of two fiscal years (July/June). For example, CY2010 is the average of fiscal years 2009/10 and 2010/11.
Chain-weighted: No-0.141
Trinidad and TobagoGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Trinidad and Tobago’s growth estimates for 2018 are based on full-year energy sector data from the Ministry of Energy and Ministry of Finance, preliminary national accounts data for the first 3 quarters of the year from the Central Statistical Office, and staff projections for the fourth quarter nonenergy output based on available information. Growth estimates are subject to revision once the finalized data for the full year become available.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: No-0.002
TunisiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. Yes, from 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20091.043
TurkeyGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Haver Analytics. Data from Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2009
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20090.937
TurkmenistanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Turkmenistan authorities and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 2009 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2008
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20006.347
TuvaluGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: PFTAC advisors
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No6.000
UgandaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019. Historical data are in CY, but projections are conversions using averages of FY. For example, the projection of 2018 is the average of 2017/18 and 2018/19.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. FY2013/14  growth estimates agreed upon between staff and the authorities at the time of the second PSI review do not coincide with projections from the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). UBOS is to release preliminary outturns in October, 2014
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016. National Accounts were rebased on a FY basis and this rebasing was then applied to CY historical data.  As a result real GDP and nominal GDP are not equal in CY 2016.
Chain-weighted: No4.920
UkraineGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office. Formally, the State Statistics Service of Ukraine
Latest actual data: 2018. Starting in 2014, the data was changed to SNA 2008. Revised National Accounts data is available from 2000 on an annual basis and from 2010 on a quarterly basis. The data excludes Crimea and Sevastopol from 2010.  The revised quarterly GDP data based on SNA 2008 excluding Crimea and Sevastopol are available from 2010.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. Also, SNA2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The reference year is 2010.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 20053.173
United Arab EmiratesGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No1.292
United KingdomGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016
Chain-weighted: Yes, from before 19801.409
United StatesGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices. Real Gross Domestic Product determined by chained Fisher quantity growth rates.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 19802.334
UruguayGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data for years between 1994 and last actual for this series are drawn from sources reported by national authorities.  Data prior to 1993 are drawn from previous surveillance work and reflect the staff's best effort to preserve previously reported data.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No0.222
UzbekistanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No5.600
VanuatuGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No2.910
VenezuelaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1997. This is not an index. 1997 is the year in which nominal and real GDP have the same value.
Chain-weighted: No-35.000
VietnamGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019. Vietnam on December 2019 formally revised up its gross domestic product by 25.4 percent for the 2010-2017 period, following efforts to align its official statistical methodology with international standards. The revised 2018-19 GDP will be released in Jun 2020. For this submission, the team estimate revised 2018-19 GDP following the same nominal growth rate as in the unrevised series.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. Production-based measure
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No7.017
YemenGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: IMF Staff Estimates
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1990
Chain-weighted: No2.100
ZambiaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No1.520
ZimbabweGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019. Data before 2009 are unreliable
Notes: The Zimbabwe dollar ceased circulating in 2009. Between 2009—19 Zimbabwe operated under a multi-currency regime with the US dollar as the unit of account. In 2019, Zimbabwe authorities introduced the RTGS dollar, later renamed the Zimbabwe dollar and are currently redenominating their national accounts statistics.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: No-8.276
Notes
  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  Afghanistan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: National accounts data is originally compiled on the basis of a solar year, which runs from March 21 to March 20. Data is converted to calendar years for the purpose of WEO publication.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December. none
Base year: 2002. Base year is the solar year 2002/03
Chain-weighted: No


Albania: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: IMF Staff Estimates
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1996
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1996


Algeria: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2001
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005


Angola: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Ministry of Planning
Latest actual data: 2018. Starting from the year 2002, historical National Accounts data are provided by Angola’s National Institute of Statistics (INE). Data for prior years are based on different sources and/or estimated by IMF staff, including using a ratio slicing method in order to avoid breaks in the data.
Notes: Starting from the year 2002, the composition of aggregate demand was revised taking into account updated information from the authorities’ National Accounts statistics. Data for prior years are based on [old information] and/or estimated by IMF staff, including using a ratio slicing method in order to avoid breaks in the data.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2002
Chain-weighted: No


Antigua and Barbuda: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary
Notes: Historical values for expenditure based GDP components are not reported by authorities and are estimated by IMF staff using data from balance of payments and fiscal accounts.  GDP expenditure component estimates prior 2014 have been removed due to internal inconsistencies arising from methodological changes to international trade estimates from the balance of payments applicable to data reported after 2014.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006. Nominal GDP is measured at market prices and real GDP is measured at factor cost, hence the GDP deflator is not equal to 100.
Chain-weighted: No


Argentina: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2004
Chain-weighted: No


Armenia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No


Aruba: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017. The Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) has compiled GDP at current prices by the production and expenditure approaches up to 2009 and has recently done so for the period 2013-17. GDP at constant prices by the expenditure approach has been estimated and disseminated by the Central Bank of Aruba up to 2017. The CBS is still working on the their update and revision of Aruba's National Account Statistics.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000


Australia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Australian Bureau of Statistics (via Haver Analytics)
Latest actual data: 2019. Data refer to calendar years
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2017/18. The base period is 2017Q3-2018Q2
Chain-weighted: Yes, from before 1980. Annually-reweighted


Austria: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995


Azerbaijan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 2001 cannot be confirmed at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1994


The Bahamas: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: No


Bahrain: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


Bangladesh: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December. Authorities report July/June, we convert to Jan/Dec.
Base year: 2005/06. We estimate calendar year data by adding taking the average of two consecutive fiscal years. Please note that the base year will still be in fiscal year regardless of any transformation we make here.
Chain-weighted: No


Barbados: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. The National Statistics Office is the primary source of National Accounts Data. Partial data is published on the central bank website. Expenditure side not available.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. Constant price GDP is based on 1974 as base year, compiled by the Central bank of Barbados (CBB). Currently, the Barbados Statistical Services (BSS) ,with the assistance of CARTAC, began compiling constant price GDP by industry using 2010 as base year.
Chain-weighted: No


Belarus: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Formally, the National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The national accounts have been updated from 2014 onwards. Prior to 2014 the data are adjusted to produce smooth series with the use of a splicing technique. These estimates continue to serve as proxies for historical series when complete information is unavailable.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005


Belgium: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. Data before 1995 were spliced with older series. Data from 1995 reflect current official series, following benchmark national account revision 1995-2018 released in Sept 2019.
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010. ESA 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995. Data before 1995 are spliced with older series.


Belize: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: No


Benin: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No


Bhutan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018/19
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 2000/01. Nominal and real GDP are not measured in the same way and as a result, the GDP deflator is not equal to 100.
Chain-weighted: No


Bolivia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1990
Chain-weighted: No


Bosnia and Herzegovina: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000


Botswana: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No


Brazil: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1995
Chain-weighted: No


Brunei Darussalam: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Department of Economic Planning and Development, Prime Minister's office.
Latest actual data: 2019. Latest observation 2019Q4
National accounts manual used: SNA 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


Bulgaria: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1996


Burkina Faso: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. The ministry of economy also provides estimates
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No


Burundi: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2015. No official national accounts data have been published since 1998.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No


Cabo Verde: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: The national accounts data have been revised from 2002 onward. The new data are obtained through a new computation methodology that uses an updated input-output table. The base year for the constant prices data is 2007.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2011


Cambodia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000. The GDP deflator data from the authorities do not equal 100 in the base period
Chain-weighted: No


Cameroon: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No


Canada: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980


Central African Republic: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No


Chad: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993. Unknown
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No


Chile: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003


China: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Data retrieved from CEIC
Latest actual data: 2019. Latest actual data for real GDP and expenditure breakdown is 2019.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices. Authorities publish production-based measure; staff estimates expenditure-based measures.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015. For the national account real, we are using 2015 as base year
Chain-weighted: No


Colombia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993. Fifth Manual
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015. DANE (Colombia Institute of Statistics) has done a rebasing of the national accounts (now base year is 2015 and before 2005). Data with the new base is ONLY AVAILABLE FROM 2005. The change also includes methodological changes (for example, direct estimation of private consumption based on a survey) and most important, change in the index formulae (historically a Laspeyres fixed-base index and now a Laspeyres chain index). The main implications are that the 2005 and 2015 series are not comparable and the chain index is associated with non-additivity of the components.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005


Comoros: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Planning Commissariat
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: Other
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2007


Democratic Republic of the Congo: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 2001 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No


Republic of Congo: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1990
Chain-weighted: No


Costa Rica: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: No


Côte d'Ivoire: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015. The authorities' rebasing exercise to 2015 is ongoing
Chain-weighted: No


Croatia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. By the former Central Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Croatia (CroStat), now the Croatian Bureau of Statistics (CBS, www.dzs.hr).
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: The authorities produce data from 1995 only; Earlier data for the GDP and its components result from splicing. The GDP estimates include all economic activities within the ESA 2010 production boundary, covering both registered and unregistered activities. In addition to the unregistered activities covered since the implementation of ESA 1995 in 2009, since September 2014 CBS is also covering data on illegal activities within ESA 2010.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices. Gross domestic product (GDP) by expenditure approach is valued at market prices and gross value added (GVA) by production approach is valued at basic prices.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No


Cyprus: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: ESA 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995


Czech Republic: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995


Denmark: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: ESA 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980


Djibouti: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No


Dominica: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No


Dominican Republic: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2007


Ecuador: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: The national accounts have been updated from 2002 onwards. Prior to 2002 the data are adjusted to produce smooth series with the use of splicing technique. These estimates continue to serve as proxies for historical series when complete information is unavailable.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: No


Egypt: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Ministry of Economy and/or Planning. Ministry of Planning
Latest actual data: 2018/19
Notes: Data prior to 1987 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. From 2001/2002, the structure, concepts, definitions, and classifications follow the 1993 System and part of 2008 of National Accounts
GDP valuation: Market prices. Data refer to fiscal years
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 2016/17
Chain-weighted: No


El Salvador: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No


Equatorial Guinea: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Ministry of Economy and/or Planning. Ministry of Economy, Planning, and Public Investment, and Banque des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale (Central Bank)
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Since 2006, IMF staff have estimated real GDP growth from hydrocarbon production and investment data and the government expenditure. The national authorities are considering the adoption of the IMF staff estimates.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No


Eritrea: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: IMF Staff Estimates
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: No


Estonia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Data from 2003 onwards reflect methodological revisions.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2010


Eswatini: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Updated methodology has been applied to the series. Prior to 2000, the data are adjusted using previous historical data as proxies to produce smooth series with the use of splicing technique. Historical data are updated on a continual basis as more information becomes available. Prior to 1990, trade data are calculated from external sector statistics.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: No


Ethiopia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018/19
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs. Data refer to fiscal years (July/June). Data for 2011 represent fiscal year 2010/11.
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 2015/16
Chain-weighted: No


Fiji: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Fiji Islands Bureau of Statistics
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No


Finland: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Downloaded through Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: ESA 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980


France: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980


Gabon: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2001
Chain-weighted: No


The Gambia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No


Georgia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1996 cannot be confirmed by national sources. Data prior to 2010 are based on staff estimates.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1996


Germany: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.


Ghana: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No


Greece: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Formally, the National Statistical Office (ELSTAT)
Latest actual data: 2019. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2019Q4.
Notes: The National Statistical Office has significantly and repeatedly revised national accounts data over the course of the past several years. Official data are only available from 1995. Data prior to 1995 came from European Commission Macro Forecasts (AMECO database).
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995


Grenada: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Historical values for expenditure based GDP components are not reported by authorities and are estimated by IMF staff using data from balance of payments and fiscal accounts. GDP expenditure component estimates prior 2014 have been removed due to internal inconsistencies arising from methodological changes to international trade estimates from the balance of payments applicable to data reported after 2014.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No


Guatemala: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. Also use data from Haver.
Latest actual data: 2018. Data in yearly frequency.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013. Since the release of the new base year took longer than initially planned, the new base year appears to be a bit stale.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2001


Guinea: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


Guinea-Bissau: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1997 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No


Guyana: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Components of GDP by expenditure after 2007 (private and public consumption, private and public investment) are estimates because authorities stopped producing the data.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006. Previous base year 1988. Rebased to 2006 in 2009. GDP deflator not equal to 100 in base year (2006) because the nominal GDP at market prices includes indirect taxes.
Chain-weighted: No


Haiti: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017/18
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: October/September
Base year: 1986/87. Fiscal year 1986-1987
Chain-weighted: No


Honduras: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: No


Hong Kong SAR: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Data retrieved from CEIC
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2017
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980


Hungary: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: We maintain data only after 1995, as this is what the Statistical office provides.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005. Changes in inventories is an estimate.


Iceland: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1990


India: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. The original data is in fiscal years, which begins in April and ends in March, to match with authorities' reporting methods.
Latest actual data: 2018/19. Official data for the latest year are revised estimates. Data available on quarter-by-quarter basis.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: April/March
Base year: 2011/12. The base year is by Fiscal Year, which is April to March (e.g. FY2004: April 2004 – March 2005). Growth rates of real GDP calculated from 1998 to 2011 are as per national accounts with base year 2004/05, and thereafter are as per national accounts with base year 2011/12
Chain-weighted: No


Indonesia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Accessed via Haver Data.
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. National account SNA 2008 was released in 2015 and the authorities publish data from 2010 only. Whenever applicable, the desks use spliced series from Haver for data prior 2010.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


Islamic Republic of Iran: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018/19
Notes: GDP in current prices in U.S. dollars is calculated by using the official exchange rate of the Central Bank of Iran (CBI), except for the years 2011- 2015 when the applicable exchange rate is a weighted average of the CBI official exchange rate and the parallel market exchange rate.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993. n.a.
GDP valuation: Market prices. Data refer to fiscal years
Start/end months of reporting year: April/March. n.a.
Base year: 2011/12. 2011/12=100
Chain-weighted: No


Iraq: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: 1968/93 SNA.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007. Base year rebased from 1988 to 2007 in end-2014.
Chain-weighted: No


Ireland: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Central Statistical Office of Ireland (CSO)
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Prior to 1995 Real GDP is calculated using implied growth rates and excludes services produced by financial intermediaries (FISIM).
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010. The revision of NAs in accordance with ESA 2010 starts in 1997.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2017. Base year changes every year. Due to chain-linking, the base equals to 100.1 instead of 100.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995


Israel: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. The System of National Accounts was revised in August 2013 in accordance with changes in the new System of National Accounts 2008.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995


Italy: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010. ESA2010
GDP valuation: Gross domestic product, chained
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980


Jamaica: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007. Base year was changed from 2003 to 2007 for the Spring 2012 WEO round.
Chain-weighted: No


Japan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: the recent revision didn’t go back pre-1994
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980


Jordan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016
Chain-weighted: No


Kazakhstan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 1996 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. Official GDP is calculated based on production, which does not match the total by expenditure’s components.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1994


Kenya: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2009
Chain-weighted: No


Kiribati: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No


Korea: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. The Bank of Korea revised the national accounts data when adopting the 2008 System of National Accounts (SNA). Official data are only available from 2000. Data prior to 2000 were obtained by applying the growth rates of the previous data series and should be treated as provisional.
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from before 1980


Kosovo: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. We have received revised National Accounts data.
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016. Base year changes as new data is released - previous year's prices
Chain-weighted: No


Kuwait: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Ministry of Planning and Central Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Real GDP data for the period 1990-2009 have been adjusted by desk economist to account for breaks in the source data. The breaks are associated with changes in the base year from 1984 to 1995, to 2000, and subsequently to 2010. Pre-revision data exist for the period prior to 1995. The nominal data were revised back to 1995. The latest revision of nominal and real data go to 2010. Using the pre-revision data, desk economist recalculated the constant price data for the period prior to 1995 so that y-o-y change of each component remains unchanged. A similar adjustment was made to the period 1995-2009.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. Nominal data has been revised by country authorities, therefore, deflators do not add to 100 until the Real figures get revised.
Chain-weighted: No


Kyrgyz Republic: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No


Lao P.D.R.: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: No


Latvia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995


Lebanon: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. 2004-2014
Latest actual data: 2018. Data for 2004-2014 revised as per the latest data from the statistics office.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. Accounts were established according to the SNA 2008 but with simplified model adapted to Lebanon. .
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. Used by Fund staff (the authorities use 2010 as base year).
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2010


Lesotho: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017/18. 2017/2018 is latest actual data
Notes: The national accounts real values have been updated from 2015 onwards. Prior to 2015 the data has been adjusted to produce smooth series with the use of splicing technique. These estimates continue to serve as proxies for historical series when complete information is unavailable.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. The authorities produce estimates of GDP on the basis of sectoral production
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: April/March. Observations for NGDP_R[12/13] and NGDP[12/13] are saved in DMX in year 2012
Base year: 2012/13. 2012/2013 is base year
Chain-weighted: No


Liberia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank of Liberia
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Real GDP are in billions of U.S. dollars. The National Accounts data are staff estimates and are based on the preliminary results of the 2016 Household Income and Expenditure Survey, and of an ongoing STA technical assistance on National Accounts. The pre-2016 data were spliced with a constant ratio. These staff estimates will be replaced once official data become available.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993. The National Accounts data are staff estimates and are based on the preliminary results of the 2016 Household Income and Expenditure Survey, and of an ongoing STA technical assistance on National Accounts. The pre-2016 data were spliced with a constant ratio. These staff estimates will be replaced once official data become available.
GDP valuation: Market prices. Official data reported in billions of U.S. dollars.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1992
Chain-weighted: No


Libya: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Ministry of Planning .
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. Compiled using the 1968 System of National Accounts (SNA) methodology.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: No


Lithuania: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Data from Statistics Lithuania: http://www.stat.gov.lt/en/
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005


Luxembourg: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995. The Luxembourg statistics office (STATEC) publishes the national accounts data starting from 2000 only. Previously, the same data were published from 1995, but when the authorities moved to the ESA 2010 standard, the historical data were only revised back to 2000.


Macao SAR: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2017
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2001


Madagascar: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017. 2018 is prelim data
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: No


Malawi: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2011. Since 2011 we have used IMF staff’s and Malawian authorities’ combined estimates for National Accounts data.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


Malaysia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. From Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOS) downloaded via CEIC
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: GDP was rebased by the National Statistical Office, new base year is 2015. The official series starts in 2015. Data prior to that is spliced based on the old series.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015. Data prior to 2015 are spliced by the country team.
Chain-weighted: No


Maldives: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. National Bureau of Statistics
Latest actual data: 2018. The last two years are estimated figures
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. Production-based measure.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No


Mali: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: National accounts have new methodology starting in 1990.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1999
Chain-weighted: No


Malta: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Haver Analytics. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000


Marshall Islands: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017/18
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: October/September
Base year: 2003/04. Base year is Fiscal Year 2004 (Calendar Year 2003/2004).
Chain-weighted: No


Mauritania: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2015
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No


Mauritius: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Figures for exports and imports of services are not equal to those compiled by the BOM, due to the difference in sectoral coverage and the treatment of FISIM by CSO and BOM.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1999


Mexico: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No


Micronesia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017/18
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: October/September
Base year: 2003/04
Chain-weighted: No


Moldova: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: National accounts data from 2010 onwards sourced from the latest update by the National Bureau of Statistics. National accounts data prior to 2010 have been backspliced by IMF staff.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1995. The National Statistics Office is using 2010 as a base year while this submission is based on 1995.
Chain-weighted: No


Mongolia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Discrepancies rise from staff estimates based on the balance of payment data and the authorities' data on net exports at constant price.
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Data prior to 1991 cannot be confirmed by national sources. Data after 2000 has been rebased
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


Montenegro: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. MONSTAT
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No


Morocco: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2007


Mozambique: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica (INE).
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Data prior to 1992 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993. Authorities have incorporated certain aspects of the 2008 SNA manual.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No


Myanmar: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development. Historical data up to 2015/16 have been re-estimated by IMF staff to ensure data consistency after the change of fiscal year from April-March to October-September.
Latest actual data: 2018/19
National accounts manual used: Other
GDP valuation: Market prices. Data refer to fiscal years
Start/end months of reporting year: October/September. In 2018 Myanmar authorities changed the fiscal year to 1 October to 30 September from previously 1 April to 31 March. Historical data up to 2015/16 have been re-estimated by IMF staff to ensure data consistency.
Base year: 2015/16
Chain-weighted: No


Namibia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: No


Nauru: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Nauru Authorities, IMF staff estimates
Latest actual data: 2017/18. Nauru Authorities, IMF staff estimates
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 2006/07
Chain-weighted: No


Nepal: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018/19
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. Data refer to fiscal years
Start/end months of reporting year: August/July. Fiscal year starts on July 16th, and ends July 15th the following year
Base year: 2000/01. Data prior to 2000/01 were estimated by IMF staff by using data splicing
Chain-weighted: No


Netherlands: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: ESA 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980


New Zealand: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Statistics New Zealand
Latest actual data: 2019. Authorities' actual annual data are April/March recalculated using quarterly data as Jan/Dec
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices. Data refer to calendar years
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December. January/December annual data calculated from quarterly data consistent with authorities' actual April/March annual data
Base year: 2009/10. The base year is 2009Q2 to 2010Q1
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1987


Nicaragua: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Due to political and economic events (civil war and hyperinflation) data prior to 1995 are less reliable.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993. In 2012 Nicaragua officially changed the base year of the national accounts from 1994 to 2006. In 2003 Nicaragua officially changed the base year of the national accounts from 1980 to 1994 and adopted the United Nations System of National Accounts (SNA93) for the calculation of GDP. Methodology described in: http://www.bcn.gob.ni/publicaciones/eventuales/pib_trimestral/PIB_Trimestral.pdf
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1994. annual overlap


Niger: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No


Nigeria: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Official re-based (2010) data for 2010-13 was published in July 2014, based on SNA 2008. Official backcasted data were published in July 2016 and 1990-2009 nominal and real GDP numbers were updated. However expenditure components of GDP are still IMF staff estimates and are subject to revision with official backcasted data.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Official backcasted data were published in July 2016 and 1990-2009 nominal and real GDP numbers were updated. However expenditure components of GDP are still IMF staff estimates and are subject to revision with official backcasted data.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. from October WEO submission
Chain-weighted: No


North Macedonia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No


Norway: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: Nominally ESA 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2017
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980


Oman: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


Pakistan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017/18
National accounts manual used: Combination of SNA 1968 and SNA 1993, SNA 2008
GDP valuation: Real GDP is based on factor costs whereas nominal GDP is based on market prices.
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 2005/06. Data before 2006 were extended backwards using growth rates for overall GDP and expenditure component shares of the original series. Real GDP is based on factor costs whereas nominal GDP is based on market prices. As a result, any calculated GDP deflator using these the two different concepts will not be accurate.
Chain-weighted: No


Palau: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2017/18
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: October/September
Base year: 2014/15
Chain-weighted: No


Panama: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007. The 2007 base year publication is labelled preliminary ; revisions are expected in the future. The deflator in base year 2007 is not exactly 100 because of data splicing (based on recently released data for the last three years only)
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2007


Papua New Guinea: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistical Office and MOF
Latest actual data: 2015
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No


Paraguay: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Before 2008, GDP data were constructed backward using the new 2014 base year.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No


Peru: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: No


Philippines: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. National Statistical Coordination; accessed via CEIC and Haver
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: No


Poland: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2010


Portugal: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980


Puerto Rico: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Puerto Rico Planning Board
Latest actual data: 2017/18
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts 1968
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 1954
Chain-weighted: No


Qatar: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Qatar Planning and Statistics Authority(from 2010); Haver and IMF staff estimates (pre-2010).
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No


Romania: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000


Russia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
Notes: Gross capital formation includes statistical discrepancy.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. SNA 2008 for 2014 and combination of SNA 1993/2008 for 2011-2013. Prior to 2011 SNA 1993.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016. The discrepancy in historical national account comes from source data which recently got rebased. In the new methodology they rebased all the components of GDP prior to Q1 2016 by using the growth rates of the old series in 2011 prices.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995


Rwanda: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No


Samoa: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018/19. Fiscal year used
Notes: Data prior to 2000 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices. Data refer to fiscal years
Start/end months of reporting year: July/June
Base year: 2012/13. Base year was updated from 2009 to 2013, affecting the data from 2009.
Chain-weighted: No


San Marino: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: No


São Tomé and Príncipe: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Instituto Nacional de Estatistica de Sao Tome & Principe.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: There is a break in the series for 2001 onwards due to revision in GDP data.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2008. Previously it was 2000. Manual revision to 2000 to smooth the series since the authorities did not splice and provide 2000. The rebased series begins in 2001
Chain-weighted: No


Saudi Arabia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. General Authority for Statistics, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (GSTAT)
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


Senegal: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2014
Chain-weighted: No


Serbia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010. National Accounts are based on conceptual framework of the 2008 SNA/ESA 2010 (introduced in October 2014).
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2010


Seychelles: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No


Sierra Leone: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2010


Singapore: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. Singapore has adopted the major recommendations of the 2008 SNA
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2015


Slovak Republic: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Haver Analytics. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1997


Slovenia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000


Solomon Islands: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. For data prior to 1990, the source is IMF staff estimates.
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. The data for 2004 to 2006 are provided by the country authorities. For 2007 and onwards, real GDP is estimated by the staff, based on sectoral growth information provided by the Central Bank of Solomon Islands.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2004
Chain-weighted: No


Somalia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: SNA 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2013
Chain-weighted: No


South Africa: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


South Sudan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. National Bureau of Statistics
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Preliminary results by NBS, will be revised with time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


Spain: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995


Sri Lanka: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Department of Census and Statistics
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. Staff used splicing method for the historical series.
Chain-weighted: No


St. Kitts and Nevis: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018. Estimates.
Notes: Historical values for expenditure based GDP components are not reported by authorities and are estimated by IMF staff using data from balance of payments and fiscal accounts. GDP expenditure component estimates prior 2014 have been removed due to internal inconsistencies arising from methodological changes to international trade estimates from the balance of payments applicable to data reported after 2014.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No


St. Lucia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018. Estimates.
Notes: Historical values for expenditure based GDP components are not reported by authorities and are estimated by IMF staff using data from balance of payments and fiscal accounts.  GDP expenditure component estimates prior 2014 have been removed due to internal inconsistencies arising from methodological changes to international trade estimates from the balance of payments applicable to data reported after 2014.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2018
Chain-weighted: No


St. Vincent and the Grenadines: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018. Preliminary
Notes: Historical values for expenditure based GDP components are not reported by authorities and are estimated by IMF staff using data from balance of payments and fiscal accounts.  GDP expenditure component estimates prior 2014 have been removed due to internal inconsistencies arising from methodological changes to international trade estimates from the balance of payments applicable to data reported after 2014.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. Real GDP at market prices begins in 2000
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No


Sudan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Central Bureau of Statistics.
Latest actual data: 2016. Substantial delay occurred in the regular production of national accounts data.
National accounts manual used: SNA1968
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1982. Fiscal year and calendar year are the same.
Chain-weighted: No


Suriname: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. IMF Staff reports, National Statistical Office, and IMF staff estimates.
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007
Chain-weighted: No


Sweden: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. In June 2010, the authorities performed a major revision of historical time series data 1993-2009 which involved the introduction of new methods, improved source data and a further adjustment to recommendations from the European Union
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: ESA2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2018
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1993


Switzerland: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980


Syria: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Central Bureau of Statistics.
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: No


Taiwan Province of China: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Data retrieved from CEIC
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices. Expenditure-based measure
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016. Rebased from 2011 to 2016.
Chain-weighted: No


Tajikistan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1995
Chain-weighted: No


Tanzania: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No


Thailand: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Economic and Social Development Board
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2002
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1993. Ratio splicing for years before 1993


Timor-Leste: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No


Togo: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2016
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2007. for the GDP deflator, there is a little discrepancy
Chain-weighted: No


Tonga: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. National Reserve Bank of Tonga
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December. Calendar year data refer to the average of two fiscal years (July/June). For example, CY2009 is the average of fiscal years 2008/09 and 2009/10
Base year: 2010. Authority has revised the base year to FY2010/11, but we submit data as of calendar year which refers to the average of two fiscal years (July/June). For example, CY2010 is the average of fiscal years 2009/10 and 2010/11.
Chain-weighted: No


Trinidad and Tobago: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Trinidad and Tobago’s growth estimates for 2018 are based on full-year energy sector data from the Ministry of Energy and Ministry of Finance, preliminary national accounts data for the first 3 quarters of the year from the Central Statistical Office, and staff projections for the fourth quarter nonenergy output based on available information. Growth estimates are subject to revision once the finalized data for the full year become available.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: No


Tunisia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. Yes, from 2010
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2009


Turkey: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Haver Analytics. Data from Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2009
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2009


Turkmenistan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Turkmenistan authorities and IMF staff estimates and projections.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data prior to 2009 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2008
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000


Tuvalu: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: PFTAC advisors
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No


Uganda: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019. Historical data are in CY, but projections are conversions using averages of FY. For example, the projection of 2018 is the average of 2017/18 and 2018/19.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. FY2013/14 growth estimates agreed upon between staff and the authorities at the time of the second PSI review do not coincide with projections from the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). UBOS is to release preliminary outturns in October, 2014
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016. National Accounts were rebased on a FY basis and this rebasing was then applied to CY historical data. As a result real GDP and nominal GDP are not equal in CY 2016.
Chain-weighted: No


Ukraine: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office. Formally, the State Statistics Service of Ukraine
Latest actual data: 2018. Starting in 2014, the data was changed to SNA 2008. Revised National Accounts data is available from 2000 on an annual basis and from 2010 on a quarterly basis. The data excludes Crimea and Sevastopol from 2010. The revised quarterly GDP data based on SNA 2008 excluding Crimea and Sevastopol are available from 2010.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008. Also, SNA2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The reference year is 2010.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005


United Arab Emirates: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


United Kingdom: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2016
Chain-weighted: Yes, from before 1980


United States: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices. Real Gross Domestic Product determined by chained Fisher quantity growth rates.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980


Uruguay: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Data for years between 1994 and last actual for this series are drawn from sources reported by national authorities. Data prior to 1993 are drawn from previous surveillance work and reflect the staff's best effort to preserve previously reported data.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: No


Uzbekistan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2015
Chain-weighted: No


Vanuatu: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: No


Venezuela: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1997. This is not an index. 1997 is the year in which nominal and real GDP have the same value.
Chain-weighted: No


Vietnam: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019. Vietnam on December 2019 formally revised up its gross domestic product by 25.4 percent for the 2010-2017 period, following efforts to align its official statistical methodology with international standards. The revised 2018-19 GDP will be released in Jun 2020. For this submission, the team estimate revised 2018-19 GDP following the same nominal growth rate as in the unrevised series.
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices. Production-based measure
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


Yemen: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: IMF Staff Estimates
Latest actual data: 2017
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 1993
GDP valuation: Factor costs
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1990
Chain-weighted: No


Zambia: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2018
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010
Chain-weighted: No


Zimbabwe: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2019. Data before 2009 are unreliable
Notes: The Zimbabwe dollar ceased circulating in 2009. Between 2009—19 Zimbabwe operated under a multi-currency regime with the US dollar as the unit of account. In 2019, Zimbabwe authorities introduced the RTGS dollar, later renamed the Zimbabwe dollar and are currently redenominating their national accounts statistics.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2012
Chain-weighted: No


 
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