João Tovar Jalles is an Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of Lisbon. Before that he was a Senior Economist at the Portuguese Public Finance Council. João also held Economist positions at the IMF, at the OECD and at the ECB. Academically, he taught at Sciences Po, at the University of Aberdeen, at the University of Cambridge and at Universidade Nova de Lisboa. Dr Jalles´ main research areas include fiscal policy, forecasting performance, structural reforms, macro-financial linkages and energy economics. He has written extensively having published more than 100 academic papers in refereed journals. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Cambridge.