Financial Development, Inequality and Poverty : Some International Evidence

Author/Editor:

Sami Ben Naceur ; RuiXin Zhang

Publication Date:

February 19, 2016

Electronic Access:

Free Full Text (PDF file size is 709 KB).Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF file

Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper provides evidence on the link between financial development and income distribution. Several dimensions of financial development are considered: financial access, efficiency, stability, and liberalization. Each aspect is represented by two indicators: one related to financial institutions, and the other to financial markets. Using a sample of 143 countries from 1961 to 2011, the paper finds that four of the five dimensions of financial development can significantly reduce income inequality and poverty, except financial liberalization, which tends to exacerbate them. Also, banking sector development tends to provide a more significant impact on changing income distribution than stock market development. Together, these findings are consistent with the view that macroeconomic stability and reforms that strengthen creditor rights, contract enforcement, and financial institution regulation are needed to ensure that financial development and liberalization fully support the reduction of poverty and income equality.

Series:

Working Paper No. 16/32

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

February 19, 2016

ISBN/ISSN:

9781498359283/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2016032

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

28

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