former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and the IMF
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The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has approved a credit for the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYRM) totaling SDR 13.78 million (about US$19 million) under the Compensatory and Contingency Financing Facility (CCFF)1 to help offset a temporary shortfall in exports of goods and services resulting from effects of the Kosovo crisis.
At the conclusion of today's Executive Board meeting, Shigemitsu Sugisaki, Deputy Managing Director of the IMF, said: "The Executive Board of the IMF approved the request of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYRM) for compensatory financing for an export shortfall under the Compensatory and Contingency Financing Facility (CCFF). As a result, SDR 13.78 million (US$19 million or 20 percent of quota) is now available to FYRM.
"Directors observed that, because of the Kosovo crisis and the resulting closure of the main transit route through the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY), FYRM's exports to FRY and other trading partners had been seriously disrupted. A full recovery of exports would have to await a restoration of the transit routes through FRY. Moreover, Directors noted that, largely reflecting the slump in exports, economic activity had declined and unemployment had risen from its already high level. These developments and the refugee-related expenditures have put significant strains on FYRM's budget and balance of payments.
"Directors praised FYRM's response to the formidable challenges posed by the crisis. Noting the heavy economic and social costs suffered by FYRM as a result of the crisis, Directors called on the international community to provide early additional financial assistance to FYRM in order to help meet the sizeable financing requirements in 1999 and over the following three years.
Prior to the Kosovo crisis, the economic performance of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was generally strong. In 1998 real GDP growth accelerated, inflation declined, and foreign exchange reserves increased. However, policy implementation was hindered before the November parliamentary elections and fiscal policy eased, wages in the enterprise sector rose markedly, and structural reforms stalled. Together with weakened demand in external markets, these developments led to a slowing in industrial production and exports in the latter part of 1998 and early 1999.
The Kosovo crisis inflicted enormous economic costs on the FYRM. At the height of the crisis there were 260,000 refugees living in FYRM. As a result of trade disruption and the erosion of investor confidence, GDP is expected to decline by 4% in 1999, and the unemployment rate to increase by two percentage points to 36½ %. At the height of the crisis, a widening of the general government budget deficit by 5½ percentage points to 7¾ % of GDP was projected, but with the refugees now returning to Kosovo, the deficit could be closer to 6¾ %. The crisis also led to a deterioration in the quality of the loan portfolios of banks.
The loss of foreign reserves since the Kosovo crisis began has been small, but a large financing gap is projected for 1999 as a whole. Private capital flows fell sharply, but this was offset by domestic payments of humanitarian agencies. Looking ahead, exports are likely to remain depressed until transit routes through the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia/Montenegro) are rebuilt, while imports are projected to rise, given the limits of inventory drawdowns. A financing gap of about US$345 million is projected for 1999, of which close to US$125 million remains unfilled.
The authorities have stated their intention to request support from the IMF under a new Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility (ESAF), and to this end they have committed themselves to a number of important policy initiatives, including strengthening expenditure management, enhancing banking supervision, reforming enterprises, and phasing out trade restrictions.
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia joined the IMF on December 14, 1992 and its quota is SDR 68.9 million (about US$94 million). Its outstanding use of IMF financing currently totals SDR 67 million (about US$92 million).
1 The CCFF assists IMF members experiencing temporary shortfalls in export earnings. The loans are repayable between 3¼ and 5 years, and carry a standard annual interest charge, which is currently 3.82%.
IMF EXTERNAL RELATIONS DEPARTMENT