Lower for Longer : Neutral Rates in the United States

Author/Editor:

Andrea Pescatori ; Jarkko Turunen

Publication Date:

June 24, 2015

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

We use a semi structural model to estimate neutral rates in the United States. Our Bayesian estimation incorporates prior information on the output gap and potential output (based on a production function approach) and accounts for unconventional monetary policies at the ZLB by using estimates of “shadow” policy rates. We find that our approach provides more plausible results than standard maximum likelihood estimates for the unobserved variables in the model. Results show a significant trend decline in the neutral real rate over time, driven only in part by a decline in potential growth whereas other factors (including excess global savings) matter. Neutral rates likely turned negative during the Global Financial Crisis and are expected to increase only gradually looking forward.

Series:

Working Paper No. 15/135

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

June 24, 2015

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513508382/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2015135

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

22

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