Chie Aoyagi is an economist in the IMF African Department. Prior to that she was an economist in the Statistics Department and the Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific in Tokyo, Japan. Her research focuses on gender equality and structural reforms. Prior to joining the IMF, she was an Assistant Equity Analyst and Economist in Nomura Asset Management. She holds a BA in international development studies from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and MA and PhD in economics from National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) in Tokyo, Japan.