Regional Economic Reports

These reports discuss recent economic developments and prospects for countries in various regions. They also address economic policy developments that have affected economic performance in the regions, and discuss key challenges faced by policymakers. They address regional policy developments and challenges, and provide country-specific data and analysis, including through analytical pieces on issues of interest to a particular region.

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October 2011

Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere - Shifting Winds, New Policy Challenges, October 2011 -- Table of Contents

Series: Western Hemisphere Region

Date: October 5, 2011

Description: IMF Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere - October 2011 -- Table of Contents

Regional Economic Outlook: Europe - Navigating Stormy Waters, October 2011 -- Table of Contents

Series: Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe

Date: October 5, 2011

Description: IMF Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere - October 2011 -- Table of Contents

May 2011

Regional Economic Outlook: Europe -- Strengthening the Recovery, May 2011 -- Table of Contents

Series: Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe

Date: May 10, 2011

Description: The May 2011 Regional Economic Outlook: Europe anticipates that recovery in the region will solidify, with recoveries in advanced and emerging Europe likely to be mutually reinforcing. Advanced Europe continues to absorb most of emerging Europe's exports, while the role of emerging Europe as a market for advanced Europe will expand. Chapters discuss the outlook and policy priorities for advanced and emerging Europe, and analyze the role of financial integration in the buildup and resolution of imbalances within the euro area.

Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, April 2011 -- Table of Contents

Series: Sub-Saharan Africa

Date: May 3, 2011

Description: Sub-Saharan Africa's economic recovery is well under way, although among country groups there is variation in the speed of the recovery. In most of the region's low-income countries and among the seven oil exporters growth is almost back to precrisis levels. However, in the region's middle-income countries, including South Africa, the recovery has been more gradual. This Regional Economic Outlook describes the impact of recent economic developments---sharp increases in food and fuel prices will need fiscal interventions targeting the poor, while higher oil prices will be a boon to some countries and adversely affect others. Policy adjustments are needed to move away from the supportive stance of the last few years but should be balanced against the need to alleviate the impact of rising food prices on poor households.

April 2011

Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia, October 2010 -- Table of Contents

Series: Middle East and Central Asia

Date: April 27, 2011

Description: The October 2010 Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia reports on the regional implications of the global economic recovery and presents key policy challenges and recommendations. With the rebound in crude oil prices and production, the oil-exporting countries of the Middle East and North Africa will see visible improvements in their fiscal and external balances in 2010–11. Going forward, further efforts at financial sector development and economic diversification top the agenda. The region’s oil-importing countries, which include Afghanistan and Pakistan, have weathered the global recession well. Pakistan, however, suffered from devastating floods in July/August, which will hold back growth this year. The overriding longer-term challenges for these countries are to raise growth and provide jobs for expanding populations. In the Caucasus and Central Asia, recovery has gained momentum in virtually all countries, aided by the lagged effect of fiscal stimulus and a favorable external environment. Exports are picking up, and remittances are rebounding, though at a slowing pace. Despite the broadly positive outlook, however, risks are largely on the downside. A priority is to resolve banking sector problems and, in some countries, to reduce external debt and current account deficits.

Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere - Watching Out for Overheating, May 2011 -- Table of Contents

Series: Western Hemisphere Region

Date: April 1, 2011

Description: The IMF's Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere provides in-depth coverage of recent economic developments in the region, and country-specific analyses of risks from inflation, economic overheating, rising commodity prices, and rapid credit growth, as well as prospects for the private sector, trade, and public spending.

October 2010

Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, October 2010 -- Resilience and Risks

Series: Sub-Saharan Africa

Date: October 25, 2010

Description: The October 2010 Regional Economic Outlook features: (i) an overview of economic developments and prospects in sub-Saharan Africa; (ii) an analytical assessment of how monetary policy changes are transmitted through the region’s economies; and (iii) a study of why growth rates in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) have lagged behind other parts of sub-Saharan Africa. The overview highlights the broad-based economic recovery that is now under way in sub-Saharan Africa and projects growth of 5 percent in 2010 and 5½ percent in 2011. It explores the resilience of most economies in the region to the global financial crises of 2007-09 and explains why sound economic policy implementation and a growing orientation of trade toward Emerging Asia are expected to continue to underpin growth. The second chapter provides evidence suggesting that monetary policy may have more power to influence monetary conditions than previously assumed. Main messages from the WAEMU study are the importance of strong policy environments and political stability for achieving sustained growth; and of robust fiscal frameworks for directing resources towards priority spending needs.

Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia, October 2010 -- Table of Contents

Series: Middle East and Central Asia

Date: October 24, 2010

Description: The October 2010 Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia reports on the regional implications of the global economic recovery and presents key policy challenges and recommendations. With the rebound in crude oil prices and production, the oil-exporting countries of the Middle East and North Africa will see visible improvements in their fiscal and external balances in 2010–11. Going forward, further efforts at financial sector development and economic diversification top the agenda. The region’s oil-importing countries, which include Afghanistan and Pakistan, have weathered the global recession well. Pakistan, however, suffered from devastating floods in July/August, which will hold back growth this year. The overriding longer-term challenges for these countries are to raise growth and provide jobs for expanding populations. In the Caucasus and Central Asia, recovery has gained momentum in virtually all countries, aided by the lagged effect of fiscal stimulus and a favorable external environment. Exports are picking up, and remittances are rebounding, though at a slowing pace. Despite the broadly positive outlook, however, risks are largely on the downside. A priority is to resolve banking sector problems and, in some countries, to reduce external debt and current account deficits.

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