Do Remittances Reduce Aid Dependency?

Author/Editor: Maelan Le Goff ; Kangni Kpodar
Publication Date: October 01, 2011
Electronic Access: Free Full text (PDF file size is 665KB).
Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF file

Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate
Summary: Aid has been for decades an important source of financing for developing countries, but more recently remittance flows have increased rapidly and are beginning to dwarf aid flows. This paper investigates how remittances affect aid flows, and how this relationship varies depending on the channel of transmission from remittances to aid. Buoyant remittances could reduce aid needs when human capital improves and private investment takes off. Absent these, aid flows could still drop as remittances may dampen donors'' incentive to scale up aid. Concurrently, remittances could be positively associated with aid if migrants can influence aid policy in donor countries. Using an instrumental variable approach with panel data for a sample of developing countries from 1975-2005, the baseline results show that remittances actually increase aid dependency. However, a refined model controlling for the channels of transmission from remittances to aid reveals that remittances lead to lower aid dependency when they are invested in human and physical capital rather than consumed.
Series: Working Paper No. 11/246
Subject(s): Aid flows | Capital accumulation | Developing countries | Economic models | Human capital | Workers remittances

Author's Keyword(s): Development aid | remittances
Publication Date: October 01, 2011
ISBN/ISSN: 9781463923259/1018-5941 Format: Paper
Stock No: WPIEA2011246 Pages: 31
US$18.00 (Academic Rate:
US$18.00 )
Please address any questions about this title to