Remittances Channel and Fiscal Impact in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

 
Author/Editor: Abdih, Yasser ; Barajas, Adolfo ; Chami, Ralph ; Ebeke, Christian
 
Publication Date: April 01, 2012
 
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Summary: This paper identifies a remittances channel that transmits exogenous shocks, such as business cycles in remittance-sending countries, to the public finances of remittance-receiving countries. Using panel data for remittance-receiving countries in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia, three types of results emerge. First, remittances appear to be strongly procyclical vis-à-vis sending country income. Second, remittances tend to be spent on consumption of both imported and domestically produced goods, rather than on investment. Third, shocks in the sending countries are transmitted via remittances to the public finances - specifically, tax revenues - of receiving countries. In the case of the 2009 global downturn, this impact was particularly strong for several countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia, whereas in the subsequent recovery in 2010 virtually all receiving countries benefitted from an upturn in remittance-driven tax revenues.
 
Series: Working Paper No. 12/104
Subject(s): Business cycles | Capital inflows | Cross country analysis | Demand | External shocks | Middle East and Central Asia | North Africa | Private consumption | Tax revenues | Workers remittances

Author's Keyword(s): Remittances | Private demand | Tax revenues | Instrumental variables | Panel data
 
English
Publication Date: April 01, 2012
Format: Paper
Stock No: WPIEA2012104 Pages: 39
Price:
US$18.00 (Academic Rate:
US$18.00 )
 
 
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