For more information, see Cameroon and the IMF

Cameroon — Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility
Medium-Term Economic and Financial Policy Framework Paper
(1998/99-2000/01)

Table 4. Income and Social Indicators
Indicator Unit of measure Latest Single Year
  Program Period
  1970-
1975 
1980-
1985 
1989-
1994 
1996 1997   1998 1999 2000
 

Population
   Population (mid-year) millions 6.4 10.1 12.9 13.6 13.9   14.3 15.2 15.6
   Population growth rate Percent 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9   2.8 2.8 2.8
   Total fertility rate births per woman 6.3 6.4 5.7 5.7 5.7   5.7 5.6 5.6

Poverty
National Poverty Line
   (local currency)
CFA francs, thousands n.a 78.0 n.a 148.0 151.0   154.0  160.2  164.2
National Headcount Index
   Total Percent of population n.a 40.0 n.a 50.0 51.0   50.0 43.0 40.0
      Urban Percent of population n.a 14.0 n.a 22.0 n.a   n.a n.a n.a
      Rural Percent of population n.a 23.0 n.a 55.0 n.a   n.a n.a n.a
 
Income and prices
GNP per capita U.S. dollars p.a. 340 800 680 559 579   591 617 644
Consumer price index Indice, 1987 = 100 27.5 87.6 111.5  153.8  156.8    161.8  172.3  175.7
Food price index Indice, 1987 = 100 24.9 77.3 87.5 118.2  123.0    125.6  130.8  133.4
 
Income/Consumption Distribution
Share of income or consumption
      Lowest quintile Percent n.a n.a n.a 8.9 8.9   8.9 8.9 8.9
      Highest quintile Percent n.a n.a n.a 39.6 39.6   39.6 39.6 39.6
 
Social indicators
Share of social expenditures in GDP
      Education1 Percent of GDP 3.3 2.7 3.2 1.3 1.6   1.8 n.a n.a
      Health1 Percent of GDP n.a n.a n.a 0.5 0.6   0.7 n.a n.a
      Social security and
         welfare
Percent of GDP n.a 0.7 1.1** n.a n.a   n.a n.a n.a
Primary school enrollment rate2
   Total Percent of school age group 97.0 102.0 93.0 80.7 80.7   81.0 85.0 85.0
      Male Percent of school age group 108.0 110.0 96.0 84.1 84.1   84.4 87.0 87.0
      Female Percent of school age group 87.0 93.0 82.0 76.0 76.0   76.4 78.0 78.0
Access to safe water
   Total Percent of population 32.0 31.0 34.2 44.0 44.3   44.6 45.2 45.2
      Urban Percent of population 77.0 43.0 46.9 75.3 75.6   75.9 76.5 76.5
      Rural Percent of population 21.0 24.0 26.5 26.4 26.7   27.0 27.6 27.6
Immunization rate
   Measles Percent under 12 months n.a 47.0 41.0 46.0 45.6   46.0 n.a n.a
   DPT Percent under 12 months n.a 50.0 56.0 46.0 45.0   50.5 n.a 70.0
Child (under 5)
   malnutrition rate
Percent n.a n.a 13.6 24.4 24.4   24.4 n.a n.a
Life expectancy at birth
   Total Years 46.0 51.0 57.0 57.5 58.0   58.5 59.5 59.5
      Male Years 44.5 49.5 55.3 55.8 56.3   56.8 57.8 57.8
      Female Years 47.5 52.5 58.7 59.2 59.7   60.2 61.2 61.2
Infant mortality rate Per 1,000 live births 119.0 88.0 57.0 63.0 63.0   63.0 57.0 n.a
Under 5 mortality rate Per 1,000 live births n.a n.a 87.0 102.0 102.0   102.0 n.a n.a
Adult (15-59) mortality rate Per 1,000 population n.a n.a n.a 11.4 12.0   n.a 12.0 12.0
Maternal mortality Per 100.000 live births n.a 430.0 550.0 550.0 550.0   n.a n.a n.a

Sources: World Bank; Direction de la Statistique et de la Comptabilté Nationale; and World Bank projections.
1The data shown are budgeted outlays (not outcomes) for fiscal years beginning on July 1 of shown calendar years.
2. The data shown are for the gross enrollment ratio. Data are not yet available for the net enrollment ratio.


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