For more information, see Republic of Mozambique and the IMF

Republic of Mozambique—Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility
Policy Framework Paper for 1998–2000

Table 2. Mozambique Social Indicators
    Latest single year
  Same region/income group
    1970-75    1980-85    1990-96   Sub-Saharan
Africa
  Low-income

POPULATION
Total population, mid-year (millions)   10.5 13.5 18.0   596.4 3,236.2
   Growth rate (% annual average)   2.2 2.3 4.0   2.7 1.8
Urban population (% of population)   8.6 19.4 35.1   31.7 29.1
Total fertility rate (births per woman)   6.5 6.5 6.1   5.6 3.2
               
POVERTY              
(% of population)              
National headcount index   .. .. ..   .. ..
   Urban headcount index   .. .. ..   .. ..
   Rural headcount index   .. .. ..   .. ..
               
INCOME              
GNP per capita (US$)   .. 150 110   490 490
Consumer price index (1987=100)   .. 27 3,109   266 275
Food price index (1987=100)   .. .. ..   .. ..
               
INCOME/CONSUMPTION DISTRIBUTION
(% of income or consumption)              
Lowest quintile   .. .. ..   .. ..
Highest quintile   .. .. ..   .. ..
               
SOCIAL INDICATORS              
               
Public expenditure
   Health (% of GDP)1   .. .. 1.1   .. 1.5
   Education (% of GDP)1   .. .. 2.3   5.3 3.6
   Social security and welfare (% of GDP)   .. .. ..   .. ..
               
Net primary school enrollment rate              
(% of age group)              
   Total   .. 51 40   .. ..
      Male   .. 56 45   .. ..
      Female   .. 47 35   .. ..
               
Access to safe water              
(% of population)              
   Total   .. 9 32   44 75
      Urban   .. 82 17   63 80
      Rural   .. 2 40   34 72
               
Immunization rate              
(% under 12 months)              
   Measles   .. 39 71   56 80
   DPT   .. 29 57   55 81
Child malnutrition (% under 5 years)   .. .. 47   .. ..
               
Life expectancy at birth              
(years)              
   Total   42 41 47   52 63
      Male   41 40 ..   51 62
      Female   44 43 ..   54 64
               
Mortality              
   Infant (per thousand live births)   168 147 134   91 68
   Under 5 (per thousand live births)   281 285 214   147 94
   Adult (15-59)              
      Male (per 1,000 population)   498 468 431   448 231
      Female (per 1,000 population)   382 361 339   376 206
   Maternal (per 100,000 live births)   .. 300 1,100   .. ..

Notes:
1For Mozambique, GDP source is National Statistics Institute which is over 30% higher than previous official figures from National Planning Commission.
Sources: World Development Indicators CD-ROM, World Bank, February 1998, government data and staff conclusions.
 

< PREVIOUS TABLE OF CONTENTS NEXT >
 
-->