CARIBBEAN COMMUNITY (CARICOM)
Bank of Guyana Building Postal Add: P.O. Box 10827 Church Street & Avenue of the Republic Telephone: 226-9280 to 9 Georgetown Facsimile: 226-7816 Guyana 233-7127 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Internet: www.caricom.org Secretary-General: ... Edwin W. CARRINGTON
ESTABLISHMENT AND FUNCTIONS
The Treaty establishing the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) was signed by the Prime Ministers of Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago at Chaguaramas, Trinidad on July 4, 1973, and entered into force on August 1, 1973. Six less developed countries of the former Caribbean Free Trade Association (CARIFTA) Belize, Dominica, Grenada, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Montserrat signed the Treaty of Chaguaramas on April 17, 1974. The Treaty came into effect for those countries on May 1, 1974. Antigua acceded to membership on July 4, 1974 and the Associated State of St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla on July 26, 1974. The Bahamas signed the Treaty on July 4, 1983, thus becoming the 13th member of the Caribbean Community but not a member of the Common Market. Suriname acceded to membership of the Caribbean Community and Common Market on July 4, 1995. Haiti acceded to membership of CARICOM on July 4, 2002.
The Community shall have the following objectives:
The Caribbean Common Market provides for the establishment of a Common External Tariff (and common protective policy and the progressive coordination of external trade policies); the adoption of a Scheme for the Harmonization of Fiscal Incentives to Industry; double taxation arrangements among member countries; the coordination of economic policies and development planning; and a Special Regime for the Less Developed Countries of the Community.
The Revision of the Treaty of Chaguaramas, which now integrates nine Protocols, was completed in 2001. At its 22nd Meeting in July 2001, a number of Heads signed the Revised Treaty paving the way for the implementation of the new Treaty provisions. Technical work has already started to allow for the subsequent inclusion in the Treaty by way of additional Protocols of issues such as e-commerce, government procurement, trade in goods from free zones, free circulation of goods and the rights contingent on the free movement of persons.
15 member countries: Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago.
In July of 1991, the British Virgin Islands and the Turks and Caicos Islands were granted Associate Membership in the Caribbean Community.
In July of 1998, Anguilla was granted Associate Membership in the Caribbean Community.
The Conference of Heads of Government is the Supreme Organ of the Community. It consists of the Heads of Government of the member states and is the final authority of the Community. Its primary responsibility is to determine and to provide policy direction for the Community. It is the final authority for the conclusion of Treaties on behalf of the Community and for entering into relationships between the Community and International Organisations and States. The Conference is also responsible for making the financial arrangements to meet the expenses of the Community, but has delegated this function to the Community Council. Decisions of the Conference are generally taken unanimously.
The Bureau of the Conference came into operation in December 1992 following a decision taken by a Special Meeting of Heads of Government in October 1992. The responsibility of the Bureau is to: initiate proposals for development and approval by the Ministerial Councils it considers necessary; update the consensus of Member States on issues failing to be determined by the Conference; facilitate implementation of CARICOM decisions, both at the regional and local levels, in an expeditious and informed manner; provide guidance to the Secretariat on policy issues. The Bureau consists of the current Chairman of the Conference, as Chairman, as well as the immediately incoming and outgoing Chairmen of the conference, and the Secretary-General in the capacity of the Chief Executive Officer.
The Community Council of Ministers (The Council) is the second highest Organ. It consists of Ministers responsible for Community Affairs and any other Minister designated by Member States in their absolute discretion. It is responsible for the development of Community strategic planning and coordination in the areas of economic integration, functional cooperation and external relations.
The principal organs of the Community are assisted in the performance of their functions by the following councils:
The Council for Foreign and Community Relations (COFCOR) determines relations between the Community and International Organizations and third States;
The Council for Human and Social Development (COHSOD)promotes human and social development;
The Council for Finance and Planning (COFAP) coordinates economic policy and financial and monetary integration of Member States.
Caribbean Development to the Year 2000: Challenges, Prospects, and Policies; Employment Problems in CARICOM Countries: the Role of Education and Training in its Existence and its Solution; Socio-economic Conditions of Children and Youth in CARICOM Countries: a situational analysis; The Caribbean Community in the 1980s: a report by a group of Caribbean experts; CARICOM Secretary-General's Annual Report; CARICOM Model Legislation on Citizenship, Domestic Violence, Equality for Women in Employment, Equal Pay, Inheritance, Maintenance and Maintenance Order, Sexual Harrassment and Sexual Offences; Regional Cultural Policy of the Caribbean Community; Removing the Barriers: facts on CARICOM Single Market and Economy; Revised treaty establishing the Caribbean Community, Chaguaramas, 4th July, 1973; CARICOM Perspective; CARICOM View; CCS. Current Awareness Service; Directory of Caribbean Publishers; National Accounts Digest 1980-1994; National Accounts Digest 1990-1999; CARICOM's Trade: a quick reference to some summary data 1980-1996, 3rd Edition; External Public Debt and Balance of Payment of CARICOM Member States 1980-1996; Regional Monograph: Intraregional and extraregional mobility: the new Caribbean migration; Towards Equity in Development: a report on the status of women in sixteen Commonwealth Caribbean countries; Volume of Basic Tables for Sixteen CARICOM countries; Report on a Comprehensive Review of the Programmes, Institutions and Organisations of the Caribbean Community; Caribbean Trade & Investment Report 2000: Dynamic Interface of Regionalism and Globalisation; Balance of Payments of CARICOM Member States 1990-1999; TASU Round-Up; CARICOM's Selected Economic Indicators 1985, 1995-1999: A Statistical profile of the CARICOM Single Market and Economy; Aging in the Commonwealth Caribbean; Women and Family in the Caribbean: Historical and Contemporary Considerations with Special Reference to Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago; International Standard Book Number (ISBN) Users' Manual - Caribbean - 3rd Edition; Workshop publications: Caribbean Overview; Financing Culture; Potential and Constraints; Regional Integration and Culture Industries: their Independence.
UPDATED: May 28, 2003