Household Income As A Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil : Evidence From A Social Security Reform

Author/Editor:

Irineu E de Carvalho Filho

Publication Date:

October 1, 2008

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper studies the effects of household income on labor participation and school enrollment of children aged 10 to 14 in Brazil using a social security reform as a source of exogenous variation in household income. Estimates imply that the gap between actual and full school enrollment was reduced by 20 percent for girls living in the same household as an elderly benefiting from the reform. Girls' labor participation rates reduced with increased benefit income, but only when benefits were received by a female elderly. Effects on boys' enrollment rates and labor participation were in general smaller and statistically insignificant.

Series:

Working Paper No. 08/241

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

October 1, 2008

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451870992/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2008241

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

36

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