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An Approach to the Poverty Reduction Action Plan for Rwanda
The Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Prepared by the Rwanda Authorities
November 30, 2000

Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (I-PRSPs), prepared by member countries, summarize the current knowledge and assessment of a country's poverty situation, describe the existing poverty reduction strategy, identifies gaps in poverty data, diagnotics, and monitoring capacity, and lay out the process for addressing these gaps and producing a fully developed Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper in a participatory fashion. This country document is being made available on the IMF website by agreement with the member country as a service to users of the IMF website.

Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the full text (359 kb)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

    Our long-term vision
    The special case for Rwanda
    Issues of land, demography and environmental sustainability
    Famine and Hunger:
    Proposed approach to Poverty Reduction and sustainable growth
    Economic Growth and transformation for poverty reduction
    Sources of growth in the Rwandan Economy
    Non -traditional exports
    Diversifying the economy
    Sectoral policies for growth and poverty reduction
    Frontloading priority actions
    The participatory process and preparing the full-fledged PRSP
    Follow-up and Monitoring
    Statistics for the monitoring of poverty and social development
    Internationally agreed Objectives for poverty and social outcomes
    Policy Matrix and Timeline for Full-fledged PRSP

  1. Introduction and Context

  2. Poverty in Rwanda: Characteristics and constraints
      Characteristics and extent of poverty in Rwanda
      Poverty trends and scope
      Characteristics of the Poor
      The context of poverty reduction in Rwanda
      Existing approaches to Poverty Reduction
      Lessons learned from existing poverty reduction initiatives

  3. Building an Enabling Environment
      Legal and prudential framework: property rights and contracts
      Physical security; Law and Order
      Economic Policy framework
      Civil Service Reform
      Restoring and protecting the environment
      Promoting gender equity

  4. Economic Growth and Transformation for Poverty Reduction
      Trade Liberalisation and Regional Integration
      Encouraging Investment, Competitiveness and Enterprise development
      Strengthening the financial sector
      Sources of growth in the Rwandan economy
      Promoting exports
      Food Crops
      Non-traditional exports
      Diversifying the economy
      Building a competitive skilled labour force

  5. Sectoral Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction
      Enabling poor households to increase their incomes
      Land use and ownership
      Recapitalising rural households; savings, micro finance and restocking
      Natural assets and environmental degradation
      Investing in rural transport and market infrastructure
      Rural and low-income urban energy
      Research and extension services for agriculture and livestock
      Food security
      Promoting off-farm employment
      Improving the quality of life
      Housing and resettlement
      Functional adult literacy
      Water and Sanitation
      Reproductive health and population issues
      Security: policing and the judicial system
      Addressing the special needs of vulnerable or disadvantaged groups
      Victims of genocide
      Widows, orphans, disabled and prisonersŐ families

  6. Costing and Prioritising Actions for Poverty Reduction
      Prioritisation and sequencing of programmes
      Using the MTEF to prioritise expenditures
      Prioritisation at central and local levels
      Development expenditures
      Mobilising community and civil society resources
      Mechanisms for channelling donor resources to priority programmes
      Costing the needs for poverty -reduction

  7. Institutional Framework for Preparing and Implementing the PRSP
      Institutional framework
      Role of decentralised and local authorities
      How the I-PRSP has been prepared
      Preparation of the Full-Fledged PRSP
      The participation task force
      Outputs of the Participation Task Force (PTF)
      Consultations with Donors
      Further Technical analysis for preparation of PRSP

  8. Follow-up and Monitoring
      Institutions for follow-up
      Monitoring performance
      Statistics for the monitoring of poverty and social development
      Internationally agreed objectives for poverty and social outcomes
      National outcome indicators for poverty reduction

  9. Policy Matrix and Timeline for Full-fledged PRSP

Table 1: Rwanda: Social and Poverty Indicators

Table 2: Provisional List of priority areas

Table 3: Indicative timetable for the participatory process

Table 4: The structure of the monitoring system

Table 5: International development targets

Annex 1: Policy Matrix section 1: the overall framework of governance

    Table 1: Selected economic and financial indicators, 1994–2002
    Table 2: Macroeconomic Framework and Implications for Public spending 1998–2004
    Table 3: Education performance indicators 1997–99
    Table 4: Health Sector Performance Indicators 1997–1999
    Table 5: Provisional list of Priority Programmes for 2001
    Table 6: Outcome indicators for poverty reduction in Rwanda

Annex 2: Timeline for the full PRSP

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