International Monetary Fund

Copyright and Usage

Effective: January 02, 2020

The International Monetary Fund (the “IMF”) maintains websites and mobile apps (the “Sites”) to provide direct access to its information, documents, data and materials (collectively, “Content”) to those who choose to access and use the Sites (“You” or “Users”). The IMF maintains the Sites for informational purposes only.

Some Content available on the Sites, in particular statistical data produced by the IMF and not owned by another third party, is subject to special terms of use, which are set out below.

By accessing the IMF Sites and/or using any IMF content, You acknowledge that You have fully read and understood, and agree to be bound by, the following terms and conditions, including the IMF Privacy Policy. These Terms and Conditions, as well as the IMF Privacy Policy, may be updated from time to time at the discretion of the IMF and it is the User’s responsibility to periodically review and take into account any changes.

Personal, Noncommercial Usage Only

The IMF grants permission to visit its Sites and to download and copy information, documents, and materials from the Sites for personal, noncommercial usage only, without any right to resell or redistribute or to compile or create derivative works, subject to these Terms and Conditions of Usage and also subject to more specific restrictions that may apply to particular information within the Sites. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved.

General Terms and Conditions of Usage

The IMF's general terms and conditions of usage (“Terms”) are all outlined here, including policies concerning the granting of permission for the use of our Sites; how to obtain permission for copying, reusing, or disseminating our print and digital content for commercial and noncommercial purposes; and the “fair use” of our content, for example, by journalists for news reporting purposes.

Except as outlined below, all rights are reserved.

  • Users may not use the Sites or Content in a manner that i) disrupts, disables or overburdens the IMF’s administration and management of the Sites; or ii) interferes with another User’s ability to access the Sites, as determined by the IMF at its sole discretion. The IMF reserves the right to terminate access to its Sites or Content by automated technology (including but not limited to bots, spiders and crawlers) for the purposes of bulk downloading IMF publication files.

  • Creating links to our website is freely permitted, so long as this is done in a manner that is not misleading and does not imply endorsement by or affiliation with the IMF. Please inform IMF Webmaster when such links are created. Due to frequent updates and ongoing modifications, please do not copy publications from the IMF's website for reproduction on a non-IMF website. Instead, please create links to items on IMF Sites.

  • The IMF freely authorizes downloading and/or reprinting files from its website for personal (noncommercial) use by end-users only. An end-user is an individual or entity who uses the Products for a primary research activity. The IMF’s written permission must be obtained for all other uses, including as described below.

  • Permission is required to photocopy, reprint/republish, or disseminate IMF content (print, online, multimedia, etc.) in any systematic way and/or substantial amount, whether for commercial or noncommercial purposes. For convenience, individuals, universities, corporations, and institutional users may obtain permissions for a variety of print and digital purposes for most IMF print content via the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) at Use of IMF content in electronic reserve and coursepacks is permitted free of charge, provided that such use is performed by an educational institution for use by its enrolled students in a specific course of instruction and that use is registered at . Inquiries and questions may also be directed to the IMF by emailing or contacting Copyright Clearance Center.

  • Requests to translate IMF content should be sent to

  • IMF Sites may contain content and data from third-party publishers. For use of non-IMF material, please obtain permission directly from the respective third-party copyright owner.

  • For convenience, universities, corporations, and many other institutional users may also obtain permissions for a variety of print and digital purposes for most IMF print content via the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) at

  • “Fair use” of IMF published content is considered the non-systematic excerption or quoting of IMF content by individuals (e.g., academics, journalists, students, IMF country authorities, etc.) for non-commercial purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research. Such “fair use” is authorized for up to 2,500 words from any one source. The IMF requests in such cases that individuals provide a complete citation to clearly identify the source(s) of the excerpted/quoted IMF material to their readers.

  • If you believe your plans will exceed “fair use” as understood above (or you are unsure), please submit a permission request via one of the options noted above.

In order to access certain portions and features of the Sites, Users may have to create a “username” and complete a process to register an account. Users agree to provide accurate, current, and complete information as prompted by the Sites’ registration forms. Users also agree to update account information in order to keep it current and accurate. Users are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of account passwords and usernames and are fully responsible for all activities that occur under their password or username.


See the Privacy Policy disclosures relating to the collection and use of personal information.


The information on our Site is provided “as is” and without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, without limitation, warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and noninfringement.

The IMF shall not be liable for any losses or damages incurred or suffered which are claimed to result from use of our Site, including, without limitation, any direct, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages, even if the IMF has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

Except where expressly stated, the findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in the Materials on IMF Sites represent the views of the authors thereof and are not necessarily those of the IMF or of its Management, Executive Board, or member countries. The IMF does not endorse the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of any information provided on IMF Sites by third parties or of any information in third-party websites and publications that may be linked to IMF Sites or referred to within them. Reliance upon any such Materials shall be at the User’s own risk.

All postings to forums on the Sites become the sole property of the IMF, and the IMF reserves the right to modify or remove them. The IMF shall have no obligation to review or screen any postings, but postings to moderated forums may not appear on the Sites until after approval by the moderator. Postings to IMF Sites, whether approved by a moderator or not, are not endorsed by the IMF. Visitors shall use forums on IMF Sites solely for lawful and ethical purposes related to the subject of each particular forum.

IMF Sites may include content that has been translated from English or to English. While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of translations, the version of any document used by the IMF is the English version, as American English is the working language of the IMF.

The IMF does not represent or warrant that it owns or controls all rights in all Content and accepts no liability for any claims brought against Users by third parties in connection with use of Content on the Sites.

Users may not represent or imply that the IMF is participating in, or has sponsored, approved or endorsed the manner or purpose of any use of its Materials by User. Use of the IMF logos and official emblems is strictly prohibited without prior written approval of the IMF.

The IMF reserves the right in its sole discretion, without notice or obligation to take the needs of any User into consideration, to modify or terminate its Sites and to deny any User access to its Sites or any portion thereof.

Preservation of Immunities

The IMF, its property, and its assets, are immune from every form of judicial process. Nothing herein shall constitute a limitation upon or a waiver of these and other privileges and immunities of the IMF, which are specifically reserved.

These Terms constitute the entire agreement between the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof. No waiver or amendment of these Terms shall be binding upon the IMF unless in writing and signed by its duly authorized representative.

These Terms will be interpreted in accordance with the laws of the District of Columbia (DC), United States of America.


Notwithstanding the general prohibition on the commercial use of IMF content, with respect to published statistical data made available on IMF Sites, the following special terms shall govern.

For the purposes of these special terms, the term “Data” refers to any published statistical data produced by the IMF that is not owned by a third-party. In particular, “Data” refers to the following:

Users may download, extract, copy, create derivative works, publish, distribute, and sell Data obtained from IMF Sites, including for commercial purposes, subject to the following conditions:

  • When Data is distributed or reproduced, it must appear accurately and attributed to the IMF as the source, e.g. “Source: International Monetary Fund.” This source attribution requirement is attached to any use of IMF Data, whether obtained directly from the IMF or from a User.
  • Users who make IMF Data available to other users through any type of distribution or download environment agree to take reasonable efforts to communicate and promote compliance by their end users with these terms.
  • The Data is provided to Users “as is” and without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, without limitation, warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and noninfringement.
  • If IMF Data is sold by Users as a standalone product; sellers must inform purchasers that the Data is available free of charge from the IMF.
  • Users shall not infringe upon the integrity of the Data and in particular shall refrain from any act of alteration of the Data that intentionally affects its nature or accuracy. If the Data is materially transformed by the User, this must be stated explicitly along with the required source citation.
  • The policy of free access and free reuse does not imply a right to obtain confidential or any unpublished underlying data, over which the IMF reserves all rights.

Except as stated in this Section VIII, all other terms set forth in the general terms and conditions shall continue to apply to use of IMF Data.