First release of G20 Consumer Price Index shows slowing annual inflation at 3.0% in August 2013

Press Release No. 13/405
October 14, 2013


Today’s release of the G20 Consumer Price Index (CPI) marks the second release of a G20 aggregate statistic following the first publication of aggregate quarterly G20 GDP estimates on 14 March 2012. The releases on G20 aggregates contribute to the implementation of the G20 Data Gaps Initiative - a set of 20 recommendations on the further enhancement of statistics as agreed by the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors. The process is coordinated by the Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics: Bank for International Settlements, European Central Bank, Eurostat, International Monetary Fund (chair), OECD, United Nations and the World Bank.

The G20 CPI provides a timely measure of inflation for the G20. In the future, the G20 CPI will become part of the regular OECD monthly News Release on CPI at around one month after the reference period.

Annual inflation in the G20 area was 3.0% in the year to August 2013, down from 3.2% in the year to July 2013.

The G20 CPI aggregate reflects diverging patterns among the world’s largest economies. India, Argentina, Indonesia and Turkey experienced the highest annual inflation rates (equal to or above 8.0%) in August 2013, while Japan, France , Canada and Italy had the lowest annual inflation rate (between 0.9% and 1.2%).

In August 2013, annual inflation slowed in Turkey (to 8.0%, down from 8.6% in July), the United States (to 1.5%, down from 2.0%), Germany (to 1.6%, down from 1.9%), and more moderately in the European Union (to 1.5%, down from 1.7%), Brazil (to 6.1%, down from 6.3%), India (to 10.7%, down from 10.8%) and China (to 2.6%, down from 2.7%). In contrast, annual inflation picked up in Indonesia (to 8.8%, up from 8.6%) and Japan (to 0.9%, up from 0.7%) while it remained stable in the Russian Federation (at 6.5%), South Africa (at 6.4%), Mexico (at 3.5%), and Italy (at 1.2%).

Consumer prices, all items, G20

August 2013, percentage change on the same month of the previous year


1. See remarks on Argentina and G20 in the technical note
2. Percentage change Q2 2012 to Q2 2013
3. July 2013


Notes: To find out more about the G20 Data Gap Initiative and the Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics: http://www.principalglobalindicators.org/about_iag.aspx
Access Data: All the latest G20 data, countries and aggregate, can be downloaded from: http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=G20_PRICES
Contacts: For further information readers are invited to contact the OECD’s Media Relations Division





Consumer prices, all items, selected areas

Percentage change on the same month of the previous year

1. See remarks on Argentina and G20 in the technical note
HICP: Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices



Consumer prices, all items, G20

August 2013, percentage change on the previous month

1. See remarks on Argentina and G20 in the technical note
2. Percentage change Q1 2013 to Q2 2013
3. July 2013



Technical note for IAG G20 CPI News Release

Consumer price indices (CPIs) measure inflation as price changes of a representative basket of goods and services typically purchased by households. The G20 CPI aggregate reflects national CPIs for all G20 countries (with the exception of Turkey) that are not part of the European Union (EU) while it reflects the Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP) for the EU, its Member States, and for Turkey.

In most instances, national CPIs are compiled in accordance with international statistical guidelines and recommendations. However, national practices may differ in the coverage and treatment of certain items and in the use of index number formulas. In particular, country methodologies for the treatment of owner-occupied housing vary significantly and, where included, carry large weights in the index. The European HICP is based on a harmonised approach and a single set of definitions in order to arrive at comparable measures of inflation in the EU; owner-occupied housing is excluded from the scope of the HICP.

The G20 CPI is produced by the OECD Secretariat following a methodology agreed by the Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics. It is based on CPI/HICP data reported by G20 countries and Eurostat.

The G20 CPI has been calculated for the headline indicators only (CPI/HICP All items). It is an annual chain-linked Laspeyres-type index. The weights for each country in each link are based on the previous year’s relative share of individual final consumption expenditure of households and non-profit institutions serving households expressed in Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs).

Country specific cases

Argentina – The data for Argentina are officially reported data. The IMF has, however, issued a declaration of censure and called on Argentina to adopt remedial measures to address the quality of the official CPI-GBA data. 2 Alternative data sources point to considerably higher inflation rates than the official data since 2007. In this context, the Fund is also using alternative estimates of CPI inflation for the surveillance of macroeconomic developments in Argentina.

Australia – Australian national CPI is published at a quarterly frequency.

China – China refers to the People’s Republic of China.

Korea Korea refers to the Republic of Korea unless otherwise stated.

Saudi Arabia – Saudi Arabian national CPI is usually published with a time lag of one month in comparison to other G20 economies.

G20 Aggregate

The G20 consists of the following economies: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union. The G20 aggregate is calculated taking the fifteen individual country members of the G20 (other than France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom) plus the European Union as an aggregate. The European Union refers to the current composition of the European Union (28 countries) for the entire period of the time series. The Euro Area refers to the current composition of the Euro Area (17 countries) for the entire period of the time series.

The IMF has issued a declaration of censure and called on Argentina to adopt remedial measures to address the quality of the official CPI data. In the absence of a single validated alternative measure and given the small weight of Argentina in the G20 CPI, the official data of Argentina have been included in the G20 aggregate (each deviation in CPI inflation of 10 percentage points, for example, will affect G20 aggregate inflation by about 0.1 percentage point). Furthermore, in the absence of data for Saudi Arabia for the most recent period, the relevant CPI has been imputed using the weighted average of the percentage CPI change of the previous period covering all the members whose CPI are available. In the case of Australia, the values of the individual three months within a quarter have been set equal to the value of the available quarterly data.

Further information

Further methodological information can be downloaded from: http://www.oecd.org/std/prices-ppp/CPI-G20-methodology.pdf


As measured by the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP)


2 .Please see the IMF press release dated February 1, 2013, available at: http://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/pr/2013/pr1333.htm



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