Last updated: December 2005
Volume 52, Number 3
IMF Staff Papers

Real Exchange Rates in Developing Countries: Are Balassa-Samuelson Effects Present?

Ehsan U. Choudhri and Mohsin S. Khan

Full Text of this Article (PDF 224K)

Abstract: There is surprisingly little empirical research on whether Balassa-Samuelson effects can explain the long-run behavior of real exchange rates in developing countries. This paper presents new evidence on this issue based on a panel-data sample of 16 developing countries. The paper finds that the traded-nontraded productivity differential is a significant determinant of the relative price of nontraded goods, and the relative price in turn exerts a significant effect on the real exchange rate. The terms of trade also influence the real exchange rate. These results provide strong verification of Balassa-Samuelson effects for developing countries.
[JEL F31, F41]