Mr. Eduardo Aninat served as Deputy Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund from December 1999 to June 2003.
Born in 1948, Mr. Aninat has an M.A. and Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University. He has taught Public Finance and Economic Development at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and was an Assistant Professor of economics at Boston University. Mr. Aninat was the Finance Minister of Chile since March 1994 up to December 1999. He was the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the IMF and World Bank in 1995-96, and he served three years as a member of the Development Committee of the World Bank and the IMF, representing Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Uruguay, and Paraguay. In that capacity, Mr. Aninat has been involved in the discussions on initiatives ranging from international policies for heavily-indebted poor countries to the proposals for reform of international financial architecture.
Mr. Aninat previously served in a range of economic positions in the Chilean Government; these included chief senior negotiator for the bilateral Canada-Chile trade agreement, and chief debt negotiator and senior advisor of the Central Bank of Chile and the Ministry of Finance. From 1981 to 1994, he was a principal in Aninat, Méndez y Asociados, one of the largest consulting firms in Latin America. He has been a consultant for such international institutions as the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank, and he has advised a number of governments on matters ranging from tax policy to debt restructuring. In 1989 Mr. Aninat was the Latin American Coordinator for Harvard University's International Tax Program. He has been a member of the Boards of Directors of several private companies and institutions in Chile and abroad.
Mr. Aninat was the President of the Social Equity Forum (SEF). The main objective of the Social Equity Forum-organized under the sponsorship of the Inter-American Development Bank-was to elevate social equity concerns to the forefront of macroeconomic and sectoral policy debates, and advance successful public policies in Latin America and the Caribbean. Members of the Forum include finance, planning, and line ministers, prominent leaders from civil society groups (NGOs), public academics, opinion makers and in general, leaders from both within and out of government who have successfully promoted and/or implemented equity-enhancing reforms in the region.
Mr. Aninat was a member of the Board of Directors of ACCION International, a non-profit corporation, and one of the world's leading microfinance organizations.
He also was a member of the Board of Directors of the Institute of the Americas, which is dedicated to promoting economic growth through public-private partnerships in trade, infrastructure and investment. Mr. Aninat is presently a Contributing Editor of the Institute of the Americas official magazine.