Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU)
This web page provides information about the work of the IMF in the ECCU and its member countries Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines, as well the activities of the Regional Representative Office.
At a Glance : Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) countries
- Antigua and Barbuda joined the Fund in February 25, 1982. The IMF Executive Board completed the Second and Third Review under the Stand-by arrangement on March 30, 2011
- Dominica joined the Fund on December 12, 1978
- Grenada joined the Fund on August 27, 1975.
- St. Kitts and Nevis joined the Fund on August 15, 1984
- St. Lucia joined the Fund on November 15, 1979. The IMF Executive Board approved US$8 million in Emergency Assistance for St. Lucia on January 12, 2011.
- St. Vincent and the Grenadines joined the Fund on December 28, 1979. IMF Executive Board Approves US$3.26 Million Disbursement Under Rapid Credit Facility on February 28, 2011
- Anguilla and Montserrat are UK territories. Since 2009, the IMF includes the two territories in its regional policy consultation discussion. In addition, in 2011 the IMF staff will have bilateral discussions with Anguilla and Montserrat.
- Eastern Caribbean Currency Union. As in the case of the other three monetary unions in the world, since 2002 the IMF holds formal regional consultations with the ECCU.
News and Highlights
IMF Executive Board Concludes 2014 Discussion on Common Policies of Member Countries of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union
IMF Executive Board Concludes Macroeconomic Issues in Small States and Implications for Fund Engagement
Eastern Caribbean Currency Union and the IMF
Press Release: IMF Executive Board Completes First Review Under Extended Credit Facility Arrangement for Grenada, and Approves US$2.9 Million Disbursement
St. Kitts and Nevis: Ninth and Final Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Proposal for Post-Program Monitoring-Staff Report; Press Release
September 26, 2014
Series: Country Report No. 14/297
Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere
Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) has slowed down more than anticipated, as weak dynamics in South America have outweighed an incipient recovery in Mexico. Lower-than-expected external demand and softer terms of trade explain some of the weakness, but domestic supply-side bottlenecks and policy uncertainties have also weighed on confidence and private demand in several economies. Notwithstanding the projected pick-up in activity over the period ahead, growth is projected to be as low as 1.3 percent in 2014 and 2.2 percent in 2015. Spare capacity remains limited, however, underscoring the urgency of supply-side reforms to boost productivity and potential growth. Monetary policy and exchange rate flexibility should continue to serve as the first line of defense against adverse shocks, while a looser fiscal stance is unwarranted in most countries, especially those with weak public finances. Financial sector risks bear close monitoring, as the confluence of lower growth, rising U.S. interest rates, and geopolitical tensions could pose a considerable challenge.