Foreign Direct Investment Trends and Statistics: A Summary, October 28, 2003

Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Statistics

Foreign Direct Investment Trends and Statistics

Prepared by the Statistics Department
In consultation with other departments
Approved by Carol S. Carson
October 28, 2003

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This paper was discussed at an informal Executive Board seminar.


Executive Summary
I.  Introduction
II.  Statistical Definition of Foreign Direct Investment
III.  Recent Trends in FDI
IV.  Data Availability
  A.  FDI Statistics Compiled by International Organizations
  B.  FDI Statistics Reported to STA
  C.  FDI International Recommendations and Their Implementation
  D.  Discrepancies in Global Balance of Payments Statistics on FDI
  E.  Discrepancies in Bilateral FDI Stock Data
V.  Key Concepts in the Measurement of FDI
  A.  Overview
  B.  FDI Capital Flows
  C.  FDI Stocks
  D.  FDI Investment Income
VI.  Country Practices in the Implementation of International Recommendations for FDI Statistics
  A.  Key Findings of the 2001 SIMSDI Update
  B.  Selected Recording Issues
VII.  Plans to Develop FDI Statistics
VIII.  Resource Implications for the IMF of a Coordinated Direct Investment Survey
Text Boxes
1.  Foreign Affiliate Trade Statistics
2.  Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook
3.  Background to the Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI)
4.  IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics
5.  Treatment of Indirectly-owned Enterprises and Reverse Investment
6.  Highlights of the 2001 SIMSDI Results
7.  Outline of Tasks for the Conduct of a Coordinated Direct Investment Survey
Text Tables
1.  Regional Allocation of FDI Inflows, 1990-2001
2.  Discrepancies in Global FDI Capital Flows, 1990-2001
3.  Discrepancies in Global FDI Investment Income Flows, 1990-2001
4.  Bilateral Comparisons of FDI Stocks, Selected Countries, End-2001
1.  Direct Investment Capital Flows, 1990-2001
2.  Countries Reporting FDI Capital Flows to STA, 1994 and 2000/2001
3.  Countries Reporting FDI Positions to STA, 1994 and 2000/2001
4.  Factors Accounting for Change in the International Investment Position (IIP)