International Monetary Fund

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List of Members

Last Updated: June 13, 2012

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an organization of 188 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.

Membership of the IMF
(Date of entry into force: December 27, 1945)
Chronological List
(188 Member Countries)

Member Effective Date of Membership
Belgium1 December 27, 1945
Bolivia1 December 27, 1945
Canada1 December 27, 1945
China1 December 27, 1945
Colombia1 December 27, 1945
(Czechoslovakia)1,2,3 (December 27, 1945)
Egypt1 December 27, 1945
Ethiopia1 December 27, 1945
France1 December 27, 1945
Greece1 December 27, 1945
Honduras1 December 27, 1945
Iceland1 December 27, 1945
India1 December 27, 1945
Iraq1 December 27, 1945
Luxembourg1 December 27, 1945
Netherlands1 December 27, 1945
Norway1 December 27, 1945
Philippines1 December 27, 1945
South Africa1 December 27, 1945
United Kingdom1 December 27, 1945
United States1 December 27, 1945
(Yugoslavia)1,4,5 (December 27, 1945)
Dominican Republic1 December 28, 1945
Ecuador1 December 28, 1945
Guatemala1 December 28, 1945
Paraguay1 December 28, 1945
Iran, Islamic Republic of (Iran)1 December 29, 1945
Chile1 December 31, 1945
Mexico1 December 31, 1945
Peru1 December 31, 1945
Costa Rica1 January 8, 1946
(Poland)1, 6 (January 10, 1946)
Brazil1 January 14, 1946
Uruguay1 March 11, 1946
(Cuba)1, 7 (March 14, 1946)
El Salvador8 March 14, 1946
Nicaragua8 March 14, 1946
Panama8 March 14, 1946
Denmark8 March 30, 1946
Venezuela, República Bolivariana de8 December 30, 1946
Turkey March 11, 1947
Italy March 27, 1947
Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) April 10, 1947
Lebanon April 14, 1947
Australia August 5, 1947
Finland January 14, 1948
Austria August 27, 1948
Thailand (Siam) May 3, 1949
Pakistan July 11, 1950
Sri Lanka (Ceylon) August 29, 1950
Sweden August 31, 1951
Myanmar (Burma) January 3, 1952
Japan August 13, 1952
Germany August 14, 1952
Jordan August 29, 1952
Haiti September 8, 1953
(Indonesia)9 (April 15, 1954)
Israel July 12, 1954
Afghanistan, Islamic Rep. of (Afghanistan) July 14, 1955
Korea August 26, 1955
Argentina September 20, 1956
Vietnam (Viet Nam) September 21, 1956
Ireland August 8, 1957
Saudi Arabia August 26, 1957
Sudan September 5, 1957
Ghana September 20, 1957
Malaysia (Malaya) March 7, 1958
Tunisia April 14, 1958
Morocco April 25, 1958
Spain September 15, 1958
Libya September 17, 1958
Portugal March 29, 1961
Nigeria March 30, 1961
Lao People's Democratic Republic (Laos) July 5, 1961
New Zealand August 31, 1961
Nepal September 6, 1961
Cyprus December 21, 1961
Liberia March 28, 1962
Togo August 1, 1962
Senegal August 31, 1962
Somalia August 31, 1962
Sierra Leone September 10, 1962
Tanzania (Tanganyika) September 10, 1962
Kuwait September 13, 1962
Jamaica February 21, 1963
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) March 11, 1963
Niger April 24, 1963
Burkina Faso (Upper Volta) May 2, 1963
Cameroon July 10, 1963
Central African Republic July 10, 1963
Chad July 10, 1963
Congo, Republic of July 10, 1963
Benin (Dahomey) July 10, 1963
Gabon September 10, 1963
Mauritania September 10, 1963
Trinidad and Tobago September 16, 1963
Madagascar (Malagasy Republic) September 25, 1963
Algeria September 26, 1963
Mali September 27, 1963
Uganda September 27, 1963
Burundi September 28, 1963
Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Zaïre) September 28, 1963
Guinea September 28, 1963
Rwanda September 30, 1963
Kenya February 3, 1964
Malawi July 19, 1965
Zambia September 23, 1965
Singapore August 3, 1966
Guyana September 26, 1966
Indonesia9 February 21, 1967
Gambia, The September 21, 1967
Botswana July 24, 1968
Lesotho July 25, 1968
Malta September 11, 1968
Mauritius September 23, 1968
Swaziland September 22, 1969
(Yemen, People's Democratic  
Republic of (Southern Yemen))10 (September 29, 1969)
Equatorial Guinea December 22, 1969
Cambodia December 31, 1969
(Yemen Arab Republic)10 (May 22, 1970)
Barbados December 29, 1970
Fiji May 28, 1971
Oman December 23, 1971
Samoa (Western Samoa) December 28, 1971
Bangladesh August 17, 1972
Bahrain September 7, 1972
Qatar September 8, 1972
United Arab Emirates September 22, 1972
Romania December 15, 1972
Bahamas, The August 21, 1973
Grenada August 27, 1975
Papua New Guinea October 9, 1975
Comoros September 21, 1976
Guinea-Bissau March 24, 1977
Seychelles June 30, 1977
São Tomé and Príncipe September 30, 1977
Maldives January 13, 1978
Suriname April 27, 1978
Solomon Islands September 22, 1978
Cape Verde November 20, 1978
Dominica December 12, 1978
Djibouti December 29, 1978
St. Lucia November 15, 1979
St. Vincent and the Grenadines December 28, 1979
Zimbabwe September 29, 1980
Bhutan September 28, 1981
Vanuatu September 28, 1981
Antigua and Barbuda February 25, 1982
Belize March 16, 1982
Hungary May 6, 1982
St. Kitts and Nevis August 15, 1984
Mozambique September 24, 1984
Tonga September 13, 1985
Kiribati June 3, 1986
Poland1,6 June 12, 1986
Angola September 19, 1989
Yemen, Republic of10 May 22, 1990 7
(Czechoslovakia)1,2,3 (September 20, 1990)
Bulgaria September 25, 1990
Namibia September 25, 1990
Mongolia February 14, 1991
Albania October 15, 1991
Lithuania April 29, 1992
Georgia May 5, 1992
Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan) May 8, 1992
Latvia May 19, 1992
Marshall Islands May 21, 1992
Estonia May 26, 1992
Armenia May 28, 1992
Switzerland May 29, 1992
Russian Federation June 1, 1992
Belarus July 10, 1992
Kazakhstan July 15, 1992
Moldova August 12, 1992
Ukraine September 3, 1992
Azerbaijan September 18, 1992
Uzbekistan September 21, 1992
Turkmenistan September 22, 1992
San Marino September 23, 1992
Bosnia and Herzegovina5 December 14, 1992
Croatia5 December 14, 1992
Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of5 December 14, 1992
Slovenia5 December 14, 1992
Serbia5 December 14, 1992
Czech Republic3 January 1, 1993
Slovak Republic3 January 1, 1993
Tajikistan April 27, 1993
Micronesia, Federated States of June 24, 1993
Eritrea July 6, 1994
Brunei Darussalam October 10, 1995
Palau December 16, 1997
Timor-Leste (East Timor) July 23, 2002
Montenegro5 January 18, 2007
Kosovo June 29, 2009
Tuvalu June 24, 2010
South Sudan April 18, 2012

1 "Original members" (Article II, Section 1), which signed the Articles of Agreement by December 31, 1945. Costa Rica, Poland, Brazil, Uruguay, and Cuba signed the Articles by that date but their membership became effective upon deposit of their respective instruments of acceptance.
2 Czechoslovakia became a member of the Fund on December 27, 1945 and ceased to be a member, effective December 31, 1954; Czechoslovakia was readmitted as a member of the Fund on September 20, 1990, and ceased to be a member, effective January 1, 1993.
3 The Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic succeeded to the membership of Czechoslovakia on
January 1, 1993.
4 The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ceased to be a member, effective December 14, 1992.
5 Croatia (on January 15, 1993), Slovenia (on January 15, 1993), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (on April 21, 1993), Bosnia and Herzegovina (on December 20, 1995), and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (on December 20, 2000) succeeded to the membership in the Fund of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, in each case, effective December 14, 1992. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was later renamed Serbia and Montenegro. In June 2006, Serbia and Montenegro, separated to become the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro. Serbia succeeded to the membership of Serbia and Montenegro.
6 Poland became a member of the Fund on January 10, 1946 and withdrew from membership, effective
March 14, 1950; Poland was readmitted as a member of the Fund on June 12, 1986.
7 Cuba withdrew from the Fund, effective April 2, 1964.
8 Countries that joined the Fund under the provisions for original members as extended to December 31, 1946 by Board of Governors Resolution IM-9.
9 Indonesia became a member of the Fund on April 15, 1954 and withdrew from membership, effective August 17, 1965; Indonesia was readmitted as a member of the Fund on February 21, 1967.
10 The Republic of Yemen succeeded to the membership of the Yemen Arab Republic and of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen on May 22, 1990.