Press Release: G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, fourth quarter 2011

March 14, 2012

Press Release No. 12/79
Paris and Washington, March 14, 2012


G20 GDP growth slows to +0.7% in the fourth quarter of 2011

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth in the G20 slowed to +0.7% in the fourth quarter of 2011, compared with +0.9% in the third quarter, according to provisional results from this first time release of the G20 GDP aggregate. In 2011 as a whole, G20 GDP rose by +2.8%, a marked deceleration compared with the +5.0% growth recorded in 2010.

The G20 GDP aggregate masks diverging patterns among the world’s largest economies. In the United States, GDP growth increased to +0.7% in the fourth quarter of 2011, compared with +0.5% in the third quarter. In India and Indonesia growth increased strongly, but slowed in China to +2.0%, compared with +2.3% in the third quarter. In Japan, economic growth decreased to -0.2%, following the strong rebound (+1.7%) in the third quarter. GDP fell by -0.3% in both the European Union and the euro area in the fourth quarter of 2011, the first fall since the second quarter of 2009.

Today’s release of the G20 GDP aggregate marks the first release of a G20 aggregate in the context of the implementation of the Data Gaps Initiative - a set of 20 recommendations on the further enhancement of statistics as agreed by the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors. The process is coordinated by the Inter Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics: International Monetary Fund (chair), Bank for International Settlements, European Central Bank, Eurostat, OECD, United Nations and the World Bank. The dissemination of the G20 GDP aggregate demonstrates cooperation between the agencies, progress in the Data Gaps Initiative and provides a timely measure of economic growth for the G20. In the future the G20 aggregate will become part of a new regular OECD quarterly News Release on economic growth at around 70 days after the reference quarter.

 

2009Q1 2009Q2 2009Q3 2009Q4 2010Q1 2010Q2 2010Q3 2010Q4 2011Q1 2011Q2 2011Q3 2011Q4

Argentina

-0.9 0.4 0.4 2.3 3.6 2.9 0.6 3.0 3.2 2.4 1.1 ..

Australia

0.8 0.1 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.6 -0.3 1.4 0.8 0.4

Brazil

-1.6 1.5 2.6 2.8 1.9 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.6 0.5 -0.1 0.3

Canada

-2.0 -0.9 0.4 1.2 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9 -0.2 1.0 0.4

China

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.0

France

-1.6 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.9 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Germany

-4.0 0.3 0.8 0.7 0.5 1.9 0.8 0.5 1.3 0.3 0.6 -0.2

India

1.1 2.6 2.6 0.9 5.5 0.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 1.2 0.9 1.8

Indonesia

1.1 1.3 1.8 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4 2.2 1.1 1.6 1.4 2.1

Italy

-3.5 -0.2 0.4 -0.2 1.1 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.7

Japan

-3.9 1.8 -0.2 1.8 1.5 1.3 0.6 -0.2 -1.8 -0.3 1.7 -0.2

Korea

0.1 2.5 3.4 0.2 2.1 1.4 0.6 0.5 1.3 0.9 0.8 0.4

Mexico

-6.7 0.0 2.5 2.1 0.9 1.5 0.7 1.2 0.5 1.5 1.2 0.4

Russian Federation

-4.3 -1.5 1.6 1.3 1.6 0.6 -0.1 2.2 1.1 0.3 1.3 ..

Saudi Arabia

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

South Africa

-1.6 -0.7 0.4 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.3 0.4 0.8

Turkey

-5.9 5.2 4.2 1.0 0.7 3.8 1.3 3.6 1.9 1.1 1.7 ..

United Kingdom

-1.6 -0.2 0.2 0.7 0.4 1.1 0.7 -0.5 0.3 0.0 0.5 -0.2

United States

-1.7 -0.2 0.4 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.7

European Union

-2.5 -0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.3 -0.3

 of which: Euro area

-2.7 -0.2 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.1 0.1 -0.3

G20

-1.6 0.7 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7

 

2009 2010 2011 2009Q4 2010Q1 2010Q2 2010Q3 2010Q4 2011Q1 2011Q2 2011Q3 2011Q4

Argentina

0.9 9.2 .. 2.3 6.9 9.6 9.7 10.4 10.0 9.5 10.0 ..

Australia

1.5 2.4 2.2 2.7 2.5 3.0 2.4 2.2 1.2 2.0 2.6 2.3

Brazil

-0.3 7.5 2.7 5.3 9.1 8.8 7.1 5.4 4.1 3.3 2.2 1.4

Canada

-2.8 3.2 2.5 -1.4 2.1 3.6 3.8 3.3 2.9 2.1 2.6 2.2

China

9.2 10.4 9.2 .. .. .. .. .. 9.7 9.5 9.1 8.9

France

-2.7 1.5 1.7 -0.6 1.0 1.5 1.6 1.4 2.2 1.6 1.5 1.4

Germany

-5.1 3.7 3.0 -2.2 2.4 4.1 4.0 3.8 4.6 2.9 2.7 2.0

India

5.7 10.3 7.3 7.4 12.2 9.5 9.1 10.6 7.3 8.5 7.0 6.5

Indonesia

4.6 6.2 6.5 5.5 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.8 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.4

Italy

-5.5 1.8 0.4 -3.5 1.1 1.8 1.9 2.2 1.2 1.0 0.4 -0.4

Japan

-5.5 4.4 -0.7 -0.6 5.0 4.5 5.2 3.2 -0.1 -1.7 -0.5 -0.6

Korea

0.3 6.2 3.6 6.3 8.4 7.3 4.4 4.7 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.4

Mexico

-6.2 5.5 3.9 -2.4 5.5 7.2 5.2 4.3 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.7

Russian Federation

-7.8 4.0 .. -3.0 3.0 5.2 3.4 4.4 3.8 3.5 4.9 ..

Saudi Arabia

0.1 4.6 6.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

South Africa

-1.5 2.9 3.1 -1.0 1.6 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.3 2.9 2.6

Turkey

-4.8 9.0 .. 4.1 11.4 9.9 6.9 9.8 11.0 8.1 8.5 ..

United Kingdom

-4.4 2.1 0.8 -0.8 1.2 2.5 3.0 1.7 1.6 0.5 0.4 0.7

United States

-3.5 3.0 1.7 -0.5 2.2 3.3 3.5 3.1 2.2 1.6 1.5 1.6

European Union

-4.3 2.0 1.5 -2.0 1.0 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.4 1.6 1.4 0.9

 of which: Euro area

-4.3 1.9 1.4 -2.2 1.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.4 1.6 1.3 0.7

G20

-1.4 5.0 2.8 1.6 4.8 5.3 5.0 4.8 4.1 3.6 3.6 3.3

G20 Quarterly GDP in volume terms
Percentage change on the previous quarter, seasonally adjusted data

Chart 1
>> Notes:
To find out more about the G20 and the Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics: http://www.principalglobalindicators.org/about_iag.aspx

>> Access data:
All the latest G20 data, countries and aggregate, can be downloaded from: http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx?queryid=33940

>> Contacts:
For further information readers are invited to contact the OECD’s Media Relations Division (33) 1 45 24 97 00 or at news.contact@oecd.org. For technical questions contact stat.contact@oecd.org.

Quarterly GDP in volume terms for the G20
Percentage change on the previous quarter, seasonally adjusted data

 

2009Q1 2009Q2 2009Q3 2009Q4 2010Q1 2010Q2 2010Q3 2010Q4 2011Q1 2011Q2 2011Q3 2011Q4

Argentina

-0.9 0.4 0.4 2.3 3.6 2.9 0.6 3.0 3.2 2.4 1.1 ..

Australia

0.8 0.1 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.6 -0.3 1.4 0.8 0.4

Brazil

-1.6 1.5 2.6 2.8 1.9 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.6 0.5 -0.1 0.3

Canada

-2.0 -0.9 0.4 1.2 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9 -0.2 1.0 0.4

China

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.0

France

-1.6 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.9 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Germany

-4.0 0.3 0.8 0.7 0.5 1.9 0.8 0.5 1.3 0.3 0.6 -0.2

India

1.1 2.6 2.6 0.9 5.5 0.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 1.2 0.9 1.8

Indonesia

1.1 1.3 1.8 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4 2.2 1.1 1.6 1.4 2.1

Italy

-3.5 -0.2 0.4 -0.2 1.1 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.7

Japan

-3.9 1.8 -0.2 1.8 1.5 1.3 0.6 -0.2 -1.8 -0.3 1.7 -0.2

Korea

0.1 2.5 3.4 0.2 2.1 1.4 0.6 0.5 1.3 0.9 0.8 0.4

Mexico

-6.7 0.0 2.5 2.1 0.9 1.5 0.7 1.2 0.5 1.5 1.2 0.4

Russian Federation

-4.3 -1.5 1.6 1.3 1.6 0.6 -0.1 2.2 1.1 0.3 1.3 ..

Saudi Arabia

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

South Africa

-1.6 -0.7 0.4 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.3 0.4 0.8

Turkey

-5.9 5.2 4.2 1.0 0.7 3.8 1.3 3.6 1.9 1.1 1.7 ..

United Kingdom

-1.6 -0.2 0.2 0.7 0.4 1.1 0.7 -0.5 0.3 0.0 0.5 -0.2

United States

-1.7 -0.2 0.4 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.7

European Union

-2.5 -0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.3 -0.3

 of which: Euro area

-2.7 -0.2 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.1 0.1 -0.3

G20

-1.6 0.7 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7

Quarterly GDP in volume terms for the G20
Percentage change on the previous quarter, seasonally adjusted data

Chart 2



GDP in volume terms for the G20
Annual percentage change and percentage change on the same quarter of the previous year, seasonally adjusted data

 

2009 2010 2011 2009Q4 2010Q1 2010Q2 2010Q3 2010Q4 2011Q1 2011Q2 2011Q3 2011Q4

Argentina

0.9 9.2 .. 2.3 6.9 9.6 9.7 10.4 10.0 9.5 10.0 ..

Australia

1.5 2.4 2.2 2.7 2.5 3.0 2.4 2.2 1.2 2.0 2.6 2.3

Brazil

-0.3 7.5 2.7 5.3 9.1 8.8 7.1 5.4 4.1 3.3 2.2 1.4

Canada

-2.8 3.2 2.5 -1.4 2.1 3.6 3.8 3.3 2.9 2.1 2.6 2.2

China

9.2 10.4 9.2 .. .. .. .. .. 9.7 9.5 9.1 8.9

France

-2.7 1.5 1.7 -0.6 1.0 1.5 1.6 1.4 2.2 1.6 1.5 1.4

Germany

-5.1 3.7 3.0 -2.2 2.4 4.1 4.0 3.8 4.6 2.9 2.7 2.0

India

5.7 10.3 7.3 7.4 12.2 9.5 9.1 10.6 7.3 8.5 7.0 6.5

Indonesia

4.6 6.2 6.5 5.5 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.8 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.4

Italy

-5.5 1.8 0.4 -3.5 1.1 1.8 1.9 2.2 1.2 1.0 0.4 -0.4

Japan

-5.5 4.4 -0.7 -0.6 5.0 4.5 5.2 3.2 -0.1 -1.7 -0.5 -0.6

Korea

0.3 6.2 3.6 6.3 8.4 7.3 4.4 4.7 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.4

Mexico

-6.2 5.5 3.9 -2.4 5.5 7.2 5.2 4.3 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.7

Russian Federation

-7.8 4.0 .. -3.0 3.0 5.2 3.4 4.4 3.8 3.5 4.9 ..

Saudi Arabia

0.1 4.6 6.8 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

South Africa

-1.5 2.9 3.1 -1.0 1.6 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.3 2.9 2.6

Turkey

-4.8 9.0 .. 4.1 11.4 9.9 6.9 9.8 11.0 8.1 8.5 ..

United Kingdom

-4.4 2.1 0.8 -0.8 1.2 2.5 3.0 1.7 1.6 0.5 0.4 0.7

United States

-3.5 3.0 1.7 -0.5 2.2 3.3 3.5 3.1 2.2 1.6 1.5 1.6

European Union

-4.3 2.0 1.5 -2.0 1.0 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.4 1.6 1.4 0.9

 of which: Euro area

-4.3 1.9 1.4 -2.2 1.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.4 1.6 1.3 0.7

G20

-1.4 5.0 2.8 1.6 4.8 5.3 5.0 4.8 4.1 3.6 3.6 3.3


Quarterly GDP in volume terms for the G20
Percentage change on the same quarter of the previous year, seasonally adjusted data

Chart 3

Technical note for IAG G20 GDP News Release: GDP growth in volume

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the standard measure of the value of the goods and services produced by a country during a reference period. The estimate of GDP growth for the G20 aggregate is produced by the OECD Secretariat. It is based on quarterly seasonally adjusted data reported by G20 countries and Eurostat, and, if country data are not available, on estimates from the OECD’s Economics Department.

Country specific cases

China – China is part of the G20 aggregate for all quarters. Data shown in the tables correspond to official figures from the National Bureau of Statistics of China. Quarterly data prior to 2011Q1 are based on estimates from the OECD’s Economics Department, which are not shown in the tables.

Saudi Arabia – Quarterly estimates are based on estimates from the OECD’s Economics Department. While these estimates are not shown in the tables, Saudi Arabia is part of the G20 aggregate for all quarters. Annual data shown in this release correspond to official figures.

The seasonally adjusted data includes a working-day correction for all G20 countries except Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, and South Africa. When seasonally adjusted data are not available, national data are adjusted by the OECD Secretariat with the X-12 ARIMA method; this is done for India and Indonesia. Seasonally adjusted data for the G20 are calculated from seasonally adjusted data of the countries (i.e. the indirect method). Growth over the previous quarter is not annualised in this News Release. The charts presented in this News Release are based on data with more than one decimal.

Growth rates for the G20 are derived from chained volume estimates in US dollars converted using 2005 Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) of GDP.

Country coverage

The G20 aggregate consists of the following: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union. The G20 aggregate is calculated taking the fifteen individual country members of the G20 (other than France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom) plus the European Union as an aggregate.

Further information

Further methodological information can be downloaded from: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/44/19/49874640.pdf




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