Typical street scene in Santa Ana, El Salvador. (Photo: iStock)

Typical street scene in Santa Ana, El Salvador. (Photo: iStock)

IMF Survey: IMF, World Bank Support $176 Million Debt Relief for Comoros

January 8, 2013

  • Relief represents 59 percent external debt service drop over next 40 years
  • Move marks progress in fiscal area, public enterprise reform, education, health
  • Reforms under IMF loan arrangement key to sustained, inclusive growth

The IMF and the World Bank decided, on December 17 and 20 respectively, to support comprehensive debt relief of $176 million for Comoros.

Ylang-ylang harvest for export in Anjouan, Comoros. Reforms enacted in recent years have improved growth prospects (photo: Jean du Boisberranger/Newscom)

Ylang-ylang harvest for export in Anjouan, Comoros. Reforms enacted in recent years have improved growth prospects (photo: Jean du Boisberranger/Newscom)


The IMF and World Bank Boards declared in June 2010 that Comoros had reached the decision point under the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative, making the east African island nation eligible for comprehensive debt relief under HIPC and the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative.

Reforms undertaken since then, as conditionality under Comoros’ Extended Credit Facility arrangement with the IMF and under HIPC triggers, have helped the country maintain macroeconomic stability, strengthen public financial management, and advance the restructuring of the public utilities. In the education and health sectors, much needed additional primary school classrooms have been built, and measles immunization rates among children have substantially increased.

The debt relief of $176 million rewards the country’s graduation from the Enhanced HIPC Initiative process as Comoros reached the HIPC final stage, or completion point, and secured additional debt relief under the MDRI in December 2012. The relief represents an irrevocable 59 percent reduction of external debt service over the next 40 years (see chart).

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Comoros is a small archipelago island nation of fewer than 1 million people located off the East African coast close to Madagascar. Its economy is highly dependent on remittances and on subsistence agriculture; the main exports are cloves, vanilla, and ylang-ylang—an essence derived from flowers for use in the perfume industry. Per capita GDP amounted to $930 in 2012.

Reaching the HIPC completion point substantially alleviates the debt burden on Comoros’ future generations and frees resources for development priorities. Comoros’ graduation under the enhanced HIPC Initiative brings to 35 the number of countries that benefited from the initiative’s debt relief (see box).

The thirty-five

Burkina Faso
Central African Republic
Republic of Congo
Democratic Republic of Congo
Cote d’Ivoire
The Gambia
São Tomé and Príncipe
Sierra Leone

Enhanced reform ownership

In the last 18 months, Comoros’ successful drive to the HIPC Initiative completion point was sustained by notable government ownership. The completion point appeared beyond reach in early 2011 as serious policy slippages in the fiscal and structural areas stalled progress in the implementation of the country’s reform program, which was supported by the IMF under the Extended Credit Facility arrangement.

The new cabinet, sworn in in June 2011 after the last presidential elections, swiftly introduced critical corrective measures to steer the reform agenda back on track. These included stepped-up efforts to strengthen domestic revenue mobilization, the reversal of an unsustainable public wage increase granted by the outgoing administration, and the appointment of effective managers in key civil service positions.

In this context, the authorities in late 2012 issued calls for investor expressions of interest in an effort to enlist strategic partners of international repute in the management of the state-owned telecommunication and power companies.

Timely implementation

“Reaching this milestone would clearly not have been possible without the authorities playing a leadership role in ensuring timely implementation of the HIPC completion point triggers,” noted IMF mission chief for the Comoros Mbuyamu Matungulu. “The successful implementation of reforms undertaken in the last few years has substantially improved Comoros’ macroeconomic and growth prospects,” he added.

Matungulu said he hoped the government would continue closely adhering to its reform agenda, to translate the improved economic outlook into tangible gains in living standards for the population.