Inflation Targeting and Output Stability


Esteban Jadresic

Publication Date:

April 1, 1999

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate


This paper reexamines the effects of inflation targeting on output stability. It considers an economy with staggered price setting that is exposed to price shocks and where the policymaker cannot observe the current realizations of aggregate output and inflation. The paper shows that, if some price shocks can be anticipated, the effects of inflation targeting depend critically on the inflation indicator being targeted. Specifically, targeting headline inflation can severely destabilize output, while targeting inflation indicator of sticky prices may eliminate that problem and make the response of the output gap to aggregate shocks short-lived.


Working Paper No. 1999/061



Publication Date:

April 1, 1999



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