Changing Times for Frontier Markets : A Perspective from Portfolio Investment Flows and Financial Integration

Author/Editor:

Nordine Abidi ; Burcu Hacibedel ; Mwanza Nkusu

Publication Date:

August 23, 2016

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper investigates to what extent low-income developing countries (LIDCs) characterized as frontier markets (FMs) have begun to be subject to capital flows dynamics typically associated with emerging markets (EMs). Using a sample of developing countries covering the period 2000–14, we show that: (i) average annual portfolio flows to FMs as a share of GDP outstripped those to EMs by about 0.6 percentage points of GDP; (ii) during years of heightened stress in global financial markets, portfolio flows to FMs dried up like those to EMs; and that (iii) FMs have become more integrated into international financial markets. Our findings confirm that, in terms of portfolio flows, FMs have become more similar to EMs than to the rest of LIDCs and are therefore more vulnerable to swings in global financial markets conditions. Accordingly, it is important to have in place frameworks to strengthen FMs’ resilience to adverse capital flows shocks.

Series:

Working Paper No. 16/177

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

August 23, 2016

ISBN/ISSN:

9781475529548/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2016177

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

37

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