Estimating Fiscal Multipliers with Correlated Heterogeneity

Author/Editor:

Emmanouil Kitsios ; Manasa Patnam

Publication Date:

February 4, 2016

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

We estimate the average fiscal multiplier, allowing multipliers to be heterogeneous across countries or over time and correlated with the size of government spending. We demonstrate that this form of nonseparable unobserved heterogeneity is empirically relevant and address it by estimating a correlated random coefficient model. Using a panel dataset of 127 countries over the period 1994-2011, we show that not accounting for omitted heterogeneity produces a significant downward bias in conventional multiplier estimates. We rely on both crosssectional and time-series variation in spending shocks, exploiting the differential effects of oil price shocks on fuel subsidies, to identify the average government spending multiplier. Our estimates of the average multiplier range between 1.4 and 1.6.

Series:

Working Paper No. 16/13

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

February 4, 2016

ISBN/ISSN:

9781498389808/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2016013

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

51

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