Inequality, Poverty, and Growth : Cross-Country Evidence

Author/Editor:

Garbis Iradian

Publication Date:

February 1, 2005

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper examines the empirical relationship between inequality and growth, and analyzes the impacts of growth, inequality, and government spending on poverty reduction. A new panel dataset has been assembled on inequality and poverty that reduces measurement error and ensures comparability across countries and over time. The empirical results in this paper challenge the belief that income inequality has a negative effect on growth and confirm the validity of the Kuznets curve. Credit market imperfections in low- and medium-income countries are identified as the likely reason for the positive link between inequality and growth over the short-to-medium term. In the long term, inequality may have an adverse impact on growth.

Series:

Working Paper No. 05/28

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

February 1, 2005

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451860474/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2005028

Format:

Paper

Pages:

39

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