Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Author/Editor:

Hidetaka Nishizawa ; Scott Roger ; Huan Zhang

Publication Date:

July 12, 2019

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spending pressures to address post-disaster relief and recovery efforts. This paper estimates the effects of severe natural disasters on fiscal revenues and expenditure in PICs. These are combined with information on the frequency of large disasters to calculate the rate of budgetary savings needed to build appropriate fiscal buffers. Fiscal buffers provide self-insurance against natural disaster shocks and facilitate quick disbursement for recovery and relief efforts, and protection of spending on essential services and infrastructure. The estimates can provide a benchmark for policymakers, and should be adjusted to take into account other sources of financing, as well as budget risks from less severe as well as more frequent disasters.

Series:

Working Paper No. 19/152

English

Publication Date:

July 12, 2019

ISBN/ISSN:

9781498320801/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2019152

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

31

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