Mobility under the COVID-19 Pandemic: Asymmetric Effects across Gender and Age

Author/Editor:

Francesca G Caselli ; Francesco Grigoli ; Damiano Sandri ; Antonio Spilimbergo

Publication Date:

December 11, 2020

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

Lockdowns and voluntary social distancing led to significant reduction in people’s mobility. Yet, there is scant evidence on the heterogeneous effects across segments of the population. Using unique mobility indicators based on anonymized and aggregate data provided by Vodafone for Italy, Portugal, and Spain, we find that lockdowns had a larger impact on the mobility of women and younger cohorts. Younger people also experienced a sharper drop in mobility in response to rising COVID-19 infections. Our findings, which are consistent across estimation methods and robust to a variety of tests, warn about a possible widening of gender and inter-generational inequality and provide important inputs for the formulation of targeted policies.

Series:

Working Paper No. 2020/282

Frequency:

regular

English

Publication Date:

December 11, 2020

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513563961/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2020282

Format:

Paper

Pages:

32

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