Enhancing Macroeconomic Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific

Author/Editor:

Ezequiel Cabezon ; Leni Hunter ; Patrizia Tumbarello ; Kazuaki Washimi ; Yiqun Wu

Publication Date:

June 19, 2015

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

Natural disasters and climate change are interrelated macro-critical issues affecting all Pacific small states to varying degrees. In addition to their devastating human costs, these events damage growth prospects and worsen countries’ fiscal positions. This is the first cross-country IMF study assessing the impact of natural disasters on growth in the Pacific islands as a group. A panel VAR analysis suggests that, for damage and losses equivalent to 1 percent of GDP, growth drops by 0.7 percentage point in the year of the disaster. We also find that, during 1980-2014, trend growth was 0.7 percentage point lower than it would have been without natural disasters. The paper also discusses a multi-pillar framework to enhance resilience to natural disasters at the national, regional, and multilateral levels and the importance of enhancing countries’ risk-management capacities. It highlights how this approach can provide a more strategic and less ad hoc framework for strengthening both ex ante and ex post resilience and what role the IMF can play.

Series:

Working Paper No. 15/125

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

June 19, 2015

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513525792/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2015125

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

37

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