External Balance Assessment (EBA): Data and Estimates
Last Updated: July 27, 2016
The IMF's Research Department has developed the External Balance Assessment (EBA) methodology for assessing current accounts and exchange rates. The estimates reported here are derived using a slight modification of the “Version 2.0” of the EBA methodology which was developed in 2013. This modification includes extending the sample used in estimation through 2013 (previously through 2010), as well as allowing for some nonlinearities in the impact of demographics on current accounts. The slightly modified version of the methodology was used to inform the staff assessments in the 2016 External Sector Report (for more details see Annex I of the 2015 External Sector Report).
The information and estimates available here should not be considered as representing the assessments or views of the IMF or its Executive Board. A number of caveats apply to the EBA data inputs. The EBA exercise drew on data and estimates that were available as of June 2016, some of which may since have become outdated. Some data may have different definitions or coverage than IMF or IMF member country statistics, and some data definitions may not be fully comparable across countries. Some data, including for capital controls and foreign exchange intervention policies, are imperfect proxy measures. For that reason, the numerical values used in the exercise to indicate desirable policy settings may be benchmarks that do not necessarily fully represent the views of IMF staff.
- Estimates from the 2016 EBA (gap analysis of 2015 current accounts and real effective exchange rates). Estimates of earlier exercises can also be found (2015 EBA).
- Data inputs and programs used in the analysis of 2015 current accounts and (index) real effective exchange rates and level real effective exchange rates (including coefficient estimates and graphical comparisons of actual and regression-implied values)