International Monetary Fund

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History

The IMF has played a part in shaping the global economy since the end of World War II.

Cooperation and reconstruction (1944–71)This page contains video

As the Second World War ends, the job of rebuilding national economies begins. The IMF is charged with overseeing the international monetary system to ensure exchange rate stability and encouraging members to eliminate exchange restrictions that hinder trade. click for more

The end of the Bretton Woods System (1972–81)This page contains video

After the system of fixed exchange rates collapses in 1971, countries are free to choose their exchange arrangement. Oil shocks occur in 1973–74 and 1979, and the IMF steps in to help countries deal with the consequences. click for more

Debt and painful reforms (1982–89)

The oil shocks lead to an international debt crisis, and the IMF assists in coordinating the global response. click for more

Societal Change for Eastern Europe and Asian Upheaval (1990–2004)

The IMF plays a central role in helping the countries of the former Soviet bloc transition from central planning to market-driven economies. click for more

Globalization and the Crisis (2005 - present)This page contains video

The implications of the continued rise of capital flows for economic policy and the stability of the international financial system are still not entirely clear. The current credit crisis and the food and oil price shock are clear signs that new challenges for the IMF are waiting just around the corner. click for more