Industrial Policy for Growth and Diversification: A Conceptual Framework


Reda Cherif ; Fuad Hasanov ; Nikola Spatafora ; Rahul Giri ; Dimitre Milkov ; Saad N Quayyum ; Gonzalo Salinas ; Andrew M. Warner

Publication Date:

September 30, 2022

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.


As countries strive for a strong recovery and to recoup the losses incurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, they need to map out a new path for development and high and sustained growth. Promoting diversification, developing new industrial capabilities, and designing the policies needed to achieve this goal should be a priority. A successful diversification strategy should tackle both broad policy failures, such as an unfavorable business environment and investment climate and sector-specific market failures. This departmental paper presents a conceptual framework to analyze industrial policy, defined as targeted sectoral interventions. The authors first discuss the key principles that should guide policymakers, that is, a focus on the market failures that could justify targeted sectoral interventions, as well as the potential government failures that can undermine these interventions. The authors then discuss some commonly employed policy tools, their rationale, and the associated pitfalls. Finally, the authors outline a stylized decision-making framework.


Departmental Paper No 2022/017





Publication Date:

September 30, 2022



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