Regional Economic Outlook


Divergent Recoveries in Turbulent Times

April 2022

Divergent Recoveries in Turbulent Times

Regional Economic Outlook for the Middle East and Central Asia

The war in Ukraine and sanctions on Russia are exacerbating the divergence in recovery prospects for the Middle East and Central Asia. Despite better-than-expected momentum in 2021, the economic environment in 2022 is defined by extraordinary headwinds and uncertainties, particularly for commodity importers, with higher and more volatile commodity prices, rising inflationary pressures, faster-than-expected monetary policy normalization in advanced economies, and a lingering pandemic. Prospects for oil and gas exporters in the Middle East and North Africa have improved, while countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia face a particularly challenging outlook given linkages to Russia and Ukraine. Downside risks include a prolonged war and further sanctions on Russia, tighter-than-expected global financial conditions, possible deanchoring of inflation expectations, a sharper slowdown in China, and new pandemic outbreaks. Policymaking has become increasingly complex, with dwindling macro policy space to deal with shocks, amid high debt and inflation. Policies will need to be calibrated carefully to country circumstances to manage uncertainties, maintain macroeconomic stability, and support the recovery while protecting the most vulnerable and ensuring food and energy security. Structural reforms have become even more urgent to prevent scarring from the pandemic and the war and ensure an inclusive recovery.

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Press Conference: April 2022 Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia

مؤتمر صحفي حول آفاق الاقتصاد الإقليمي في منطقة الشرق الأوسط وشمال افريقيا: ابريل 2022

Conférence de presse: perspectives économiques régionales, Moyen-Orient et Asie centrale