Determinants of Ex-Ante Banking System Distress : A Macro-Micro Empirical Exploration of Some Recent Episodes

Author/Editor:

Brenda Gonzalez-Hermosillo

Publication Date:

March 1, 1999

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper empirically analyzes the contribution of microeconomic and macroeconomic factors in five recent episodes of banking system problems in the U.S. Southwest (1986–92), Northeast (1991–92), and California (1992–93); Mexico (1994–95); and Colombia (1982–87). The paper finds that a low capital equity and reserve coverage of problem loans ratio is a leading indicator of bank distress, signaling a high likelihood of near-term failure. Distress is shown to be a function of the same fundamental macro-micro sources of risk that determine bank failures. Focusing on distress has the advantage that the fragility of the banking system can be assessed before a crisis actually occurs.

Series:

Working Paper No. 99/33

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

March 1, 1999

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451845167/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA0331999

Format:

Paper

Pages:

114

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