The Macroeconomic Effects of Capital Controls and the Stabilization of the Balance of Trade


Enrique G. Mendoza

Publication Date:

November 1, 1990

Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate


A dynamic stochastic equilibrium model of a small open economy is used to quantify the macroeconomic effects of introducing capital controls to stabilize the balance of trade. This model focuses on the role of international trade and foreign debt as instruments that help smooth consumption in response to productivity or terms-of-trade disturbances. The model rationalizes some key empirical regularities that characterize business fluctuations and the dynamics of savings and investment in post-war Canada. The results show that capital controls have small effects on both the basic characteristics of macroeconomic fluctuations and the level of welfare. A fiscal strategy that successfully enforces capital controls by introducing taxes on foreign interest income is also studied in some detail.


Working Paper No. 1990/109



Publication Date:

November 1, 1990



Stock No:




Please address any questions about this title to