A Tale of Two Sectors : Why is Misallocation Higher in Services than in Manufacturing?

Author/Editor:

Daniel A Dias ; Christine J. Richmond ; Carlos Robalo Marques

Publication Date:

November 15, 2016

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

Recent empirical studies document that the level of resource misallocation in the service sector is significantly higher than in the manufacturing sector. We quantify the importance of this difference and study its sources. Conservative estimates for Portugal (2008) show that closing this gap, by reducing misallocation in the service sector to manufacturing levels, would boost aggregate gross output by around 12 percent and aggregate value added by around 31 percent. Differences in the effect and size of productivity shocks explain most of the gap in misallocation between manufacturing and services, while the remainder is explained by differences in firm productivity and age distribution. We interpret these results as stemming mainly from higher output price rigidity, greater labor adjustment costs and more informality in the service sector.

Series:

Working Paper No. 16/220

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

November 15, 2016

ISBN/ISSN:

9781475553796/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2016220

Format:

Paper

Pages:

50

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