Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean : Stocktaking and Policy Challenges

Author/Editor:

Gabriel Di Bella ; Lawrence Norton ; Joseph Ntamatungiro ; Sumiko Ogawa ; Issouf Samaké ; Marika Santoro

Publication Date:

February 12, 2015

Electronic Access:

Free Full Text. Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF file

Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

The oil price decline creates an opportunity to dismantle energy subsidies, which escalated with high oil prices. This paper assesses energy subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean—about 1.8 percent of GDP in 2011–13 (approximately evenly split between fuel and electricity), and about 3.8 percent of GDP including negative externalities. Countries with poorer institutions subsidize more. Energy-rich countries subsidize fuel more, but low-income countries are more likely to subsidize electricity, as are Central America and the Caribbean. Energy subsidies impose fiscal costs, hurting SOEs, competitiveness, and distribution. The paper overviews country experience with subsidy reform, drawing lessons.

Series:

Working Paper No. 15/30

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

February 12, 2015

ISBN/ISSN:

9781484365366/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2015030

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

79

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