Gender Equality and Economic Diversification

Author/Editor:

Romina Kazandjian ; Lisa L Kolovich ; Kalpana Kochhar ; Monique Newiak

Publication Date:

July 14, 2016

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

We show that gender inequality decreases the variety of goods countries produce and export, in particular in low-income and developing countries. We argue that this happens through at least two channels: first, gender gaps in opportunity, such as lower educational enrollment rates for girls than for boys, harm diversification by constraining the potential pool of human capital available in an economy. Second, gender gaps in the labor market impede the development of new ideas by decreasing the efficiency of the labor force. Our empirical estimates support these hypotheses, providing evidence that gender-friendly policies could help countries diversify their economies.

Series:

Working Paper No. 16/140

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

July 14, 2016

ISBN/ISSN:

9781498367738/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2016140

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

29

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