Innovation, Deregulation, and the Life Cycle of a Financial Service Industry

Author/Editor:

Fumiko Hayashi ; Grace B Li ; Zhu Wang

Publication Date:

August 18, 2015

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper examines innovation, deregulation, and firm dynamics over the life cycle of the U.S. ATM and debit card industry. In doing so, we construct a dynamic equilibrium model to study how a major product innovation (introducing the new debit card function) interacted with banking deregulation drove the industry shakeout. Calibrating the model to a novel dataset on ATM network entry, exit, size, and product offerings shows that our theory fits the quantitative pattern of the industry well. The model also allows us to conduct counterfactual analyses to evaluate the respective roles that innovation and deregulation played in the industry evolution.

Series:

Working Paper No. 15/192

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

August 18, 2015

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513537733/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2015192

Format:

Paper

Pages:

42

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