Why Do Countries Peg the Way They Peg? The Determinants of Anchor Currency Choice

Author/Editor:

Nienke Oomes ; Christopher M. Meissner

Publication Date:

May 1, 2008

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

What determines the currency to which countries peg or "anchor" their exchange rate? Data for over 100 countries between 1980 and 1998 reveal that trade network externalities are a key determinant. This implies that anchor currency choice may well be suboptimal in that certain currencies, e.g., the U.S. dollar, could be oversubscribed. It also implies that changes in anchor choices by a small number of countries can have large and rapid effects on the international monetary system. Other factors found to be related to anchor choice include the symmetry of output shocks and the currency denomination of liabilities.

Series:

Working Paper No. 08/132

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

May 1, 2008

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451869910/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2008132

Format:

Paper

Pages:

45

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