Women Are Key for Future Growth : Evidence from Canada

Author/Editor:

Bengt Petersson ; Rodrigo Mariscal ; Kotaro Ishi

Publication Date:

July 19, 2017

Electronic Access:

Free Full Text (PDF file size is 1431 KB).Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF file

Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

How important are female workers for economic growth? This paper presents empirical evidence that an increase in female labor force participation is positively associated with labor productivity growth. Using panel data for 10 Canadian provinces over 1990–2015, we found that a 1 percentage point increase in the labor force participation among women with high educational attainment would raise Canada’s overall labor productivity growth by 0.2 to 0.3 percentage point a year. This suggests that if the current gap of 7 percentage points between male and female labor force participation with high educational attainment were eliminated, the level of real GDP could be about 4 percent higher today. The government has appropriately stepped up its efforts to improve gender equality, as part of its growth strategy. In particular, the government’s plan to expand access to affordable child care is a positive step. However, we argue that to maximize the policy outcome given a budget constraint, provision of subsidized child care—including publicly funded child care spaces—should be better targeted to working parents.

Series:

Working Paper No. 17/166

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

July 19, 2017

ISBN/ISSN:

9781484309247/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2017166

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

46

Please address any questions about this title to publications@imf.org