Understanding Euro Area Inflation Dynamics: Why So Low for So Long?

Author/Editor:

Yasser Abdih ; Li Lin ; Anne-Charlotte Paret

Publication Date:

August 22, 2018

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

Despite closing output gaps and tightening labor markets, inflation has remained low in the euro area. Based on an augmented Phillips Curve framework, we find that this phenomenon—sometimes attributed to low global inflation—has been primarily caused by a remarkable persistence of inflation, keeping it low despite the reduction in slack. This feature is shown to be specific to the euro area (in comparison with the United States). Monetary policy needs to stay accommodative to help guide inflation back to target.

Series:

Working Paper No. 18/188

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

August 22, 2018

ISBN/ISSN:

9781484372562/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2018188

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

25

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