Balancing Financial Stability and Housing Affordability: The Case of Canada

Author/Editor:

Troy D Matheson

Publication Date:

November 2, 2018

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

Housing market imbalances are a key source of systemic risk and can adversely affect housing affordability. This paper utilizes a stylized model of the Canadian economy that includes policymakers with differing objectives—macroeconomic stability, financial stability, and housing affordability. Not surprisingly, when faced with multiple objectives, deploying more policy instruments can lead to better outcomes. The results show that macroprudential policy can be more effective than policies based on adjusting propertytransfer taxes because property-tax policy entails excessive volatility in tax rates. They also show that if property-transfer taxes are used as a policy instrument, taxes targeted at a broader-set of homebuyers can be more effective than measures targeted at a smaller subset of homebuyers, such as nonresident homebuyers.

Series:

Working Paper No. 18/237

English

Publication Date:

November 2, 2018

ISBN/ISSN:

9781484381236/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2018237

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

21

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