SME Financial Inclusion for Sustained Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Author/Editor:

Mishel Ghassibe ; Maximiliano Appendino ; Samir Elsadek Mahmoudi

Publication Date:

September 27, 2019

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

This paper offers empirical evidence that greater financial inclusion of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) can promote higher economic growth and employment, especially in the Middle East and Central Asia regions. First, we show that countries with higher SME financial inclusion exhibit more effective monetary policy transmission and tax collection. Second, we find substantial employment and labor productivity growth gains at the firm level from access to credit, gains that are higher for SMEs. We also obtain evidence of a substantial positive impact on SME employment and labor productivity growth from improved credit bureau coverage and insolvency regimes. Finally, cross-country aggregate evidence confirms the employment and growth gains from SME financial inclusion, which appear larger in the Middle East and Central Asia than in other regions.

Series:

Working Paper No. 19/209

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

September 27, 2019

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513509112/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2019209

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

23

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