Repeated Use of IMF-Supported Programs: Determinants and Forecasting

Author/Editor:

Martin Iseringhausen ; Mwanza Nkusu ; Wellian Wiranto

Publication Date:

November 8, 2019

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: IMF Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to encourage debate. The views expressed in IMF Working Papers are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

Summary:

This paper studies the determinants of repeated use of Fund-supported programs in a large sample covering virtually all General Resources Account (GRA) arrangements that were approved between 1952 and 2012. Generally, the revolving nature of the IMF’s resources calls for the temporary sup-port of member countries to address balance of payments problems while repeated use has often been viewed as program failure. First, using probit models we show that a small number of country-specific variables such as growth, the current account balance, the international reserves position, and the institutional framework play a significant role in explaining repeated use. Second, we discuss the role of IMF-specific and program-specific variables and find evidence that a country’s track record with the Fund is a good predictor of repeated use. Finally, we conduct an out-of-sample forecasting exer-cise. While our approach has predictive power for repeated use, exact forecasting remains challenging. From a policy perspective, the results could prove useful to assess the risk IMF programs pose to the revolving nature of the Fund’s financial resources.

Series:

Working Paper No. 19/245

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

November 8, 2019

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513511689/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2019245

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

48

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