Immigration and Employment: Substitute Versus Complementary Labor in Selected African Countries

Author/Editor:

Arina Viseth

Publication Date:

July 31, 2020

Electronic Access:

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Summary:

This paper uses census and household survey data on Cameroon, Ghana, and South Africa to examine immigration’s impact in the context of a segmented labor market in Sub-Saharan Africa. We find that immigration affects (i) employment (ii) employment allocation between informal and formal sectors, and (iii) the type of employment within each sector. The direction of the impact depends on the degree of complementarity between immigrants and native workers’ skills. Immigration is found to be productivity-enhancing in the short to near term in countries where, the degree of complementarity between immigrants and native workers’ skill sets is the highest.

Series:

Working Paper No. 20/149

Subject:

Frequency:

regular

English

Publication Date:

July 31, 2020

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513551937/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2020149

Format:

Paper

Pages:

30

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