Unpacking Impact of COVID-19 on Vietnamese Firms: Evidence from a Novel Survey


Era Dabla-Norris ; Anh Thi Ngoc Nguyen ; Yuanyan S Zhang ; Thuy Dinh Pham ; Nga Huong Phi ; Duong Thuy Nguyen ; Tuan Danh Duong

Publication Date:

September 30, 2022

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Using a unique representative panel survey of Vietnamese enterprises in 2020, we find that the pandemic and associated government support package had a heterogenous impact across firms. The government support package, particularly tax cuts and deferrals, helped alleviate short term stress, but tight ineligibility criteria and cumbersome procedures impacted take-up. Econometric analysis suggests that the likelihood of accessing support was associated with firm size, with larger firms more likely to receive support compared to smaller firms, even after controlling for sector, firm ownership and financial health. Credit support was effective in alleviating liquidity constraints and allaying firm pessimism only for large firms. Interestingly, firms experiencing sales losses and those with lower pre-crisis productivity were more likely to resort to digitalization, suggesting that the pandemic could help narrow productivity gaps.


Working Paper No. 2022/201





Publication Date:

September 30, 2022



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